Introduction to Instrumental Variables (IV)
- Introduction to Instrumental Variables (IV)
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MIT's Josh Angrist introduces one of econometrics most powerful tools: instrumental variables.
Instrumental variables (IV, for those in the know), allow masters of econometrics to draw convincing causal conclusions when a treatment of interest is incompletely or imperfectly randomized.
For example, arguments over American school quality often run hot, boiling over with selection bias. See a school with strong graduation rates and enticing test scores? Is that a good school or just an ordinary school fortuitously located in a good neighborhood?
Lotteries that randomize offers of a school seat at in-demand schools should unravel the school quality conundrum. But lotteries only offer seats. Families are free to accept or go elsewhere and these choices are far from random.
IV provides a path to causal conclusions even in the face of this sort of incomplete randomization.
In this video, we cover the following:
- Incomplete random assignment
- IV terminology: first stage, second stage, instrument, reduced form
- Three key IV assumptions: substantial first stage, independence assumption, exclusion restriction
High school teacher resources: https://mru.io/7gg
Professor resources: https://mru.io/7rq
Try out our practice questions: https://mru.io/pl8
See the full course: https://mru.io/z3a
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- Video Language:
- Marginal Revolution University
- Mastering Econometrics