Return to Video

(h) TROM - 2.23 UFOs and extraterrestrial life

  • 0:06 - 0:08
    [ UFOs and Extraterrestrial life]
  • 0:37 - 0:41
    Here's an idea that demonstrates the lack of education in our society.
  • 0:41 - 0:45
    A society which claims to educate the population.
  • 0:45 - 0:48
    Due to poor or deliberately bad management,
  • 0:48 - 0:52
    the monetary system has placed more emphasis on movies,
  • 0:52 - 0:53
    tragedy and drama,
  • 0:53 - 0:57
    leading citizens through a hallucinating state.
  • 1:04 - 1:06
    In the film "Alien"
  • 1:07 - 1:11
    a human being plays host to a parasitic alien,
  • 1:12 - 1:16
    until it's ready to be born.
  • 1:18 - 1:22
    This has long bothered biologist Jack Cohen.
  • 1:23 - 1:27
    Alien is not concerned with the biology.
  • 1:27 - 1:31
    You can't have a creature living in your chest, which is bigger than your heart
  • 1:31 - 1:35
    and you don't know it's there, and your immune system isn't turned on.
  • 1:35 - 1:38
    Particularly, it has never seen a human being before.
  • 1:38 - 1:41
    It doesn't work biologically
  • 1:41 - 1:43
    but it does work as a film.
  • 1:43 - 1:46
    Because you see the thing coming up from the chest and you scream "Ahhhh"!
  • 1:46 - 1:49
    And it's exactly what they want - it is a horror film.
  • 1:52 - 1:58
    Another classic hard image of extraterrestrials shows them as giant insects.
  • 1:58 - 2:02
    The alien of choice for the film "Star ship Trooper".
  • 2:06 - 2:08
    But according to the laws of physics
  • 2:09 - 2:12
    this kind of anatomy is impossible.
  • 2:13 - 2:17
    It's like bringing a mouse up to be the size of an elephant.
  • 2:17 - 2:21
    Its little thin legs wouldn't take the weight or they would break.
  • 2:21 - 2:24
    You have to redesign.
  • 2:25 - 2:29
    It is a lot easier to have a terrifying film with giant ants.
  • 2:33 - 2:38
    As unscientific as the oversized insects of the Star Ship Trooper's are.
  • 2:38 - 2:40
    At least they don't look like people.
  • 2:45 - 2:50
    By far, most films, even the ones with huge special effects budgets,
  • 2:50 - 2:54
    depict aliens that actually look like they evolved on Earth.
  • 2:54 - 2:58
    Because they have faces that resemble ours.
  • 3:00 - 3:02
    Nearly all the vertebrates we see around us,
  • 3:02 - 3:04
    humans included,
  • 3:04 - 3:05
    have faces.
  • 3:05 - 3:09
    With two eyes, two nostrils and a mouth below.
  • 3:10 - 3:13
    This configuration came from a common ancestor
  • 3:13 - 3:16
    who lived hundreds of millions of years ago.
  • 3:17 - 3:19
    Now, when we look at these aliens
  • 3:19 - 3:23
    and they've got faces with two eyes, the nose, the mouth,
  • 3:23 - 3:24
    they can't be aliens.
  • 3:25 - 3:26
    They must've been developed on Earth.
  • 3:26 - 3:32
    They must share that same ancestor or they wouldn't have faces like this.
  • 3:33 - 3:37
    We expect the living thing-the dog, the cat or even a fish,
  • 3:37 - 3:38
    to have a face.
  • 3:38 - 3:41
    Therefore, when we invent something for film
  • 3:41 - 3:43
    we give it a face.
  • 3:43 - 3:46
    And that realy enables the people who are watching
  • 3:47 - 3:49
    to get moved by it.
  • 3:49 - 3:53
    Real aliens can't be like that.
  • 3:56 - 4:00
    Do I believe in UFOs?
  • 4:00 - 4:03
    Or extraterrestrial visitors?
  • 4:07 - 4:09
    I'm not authorized to answer that question.
  • 4:21 - 4:23
    Where shall I begin...
  • 4:26 - 4:27
    UFO.
  • 4:28 - 4:33
    First, remember what the U stands for in UFO.
  • 4:34 - 4:39
    Now, there's fascinating frailty of the human mind,
  • 4:39 - 4:41
    that psychologists know all about.
  • 4:42 - 4:44
    And it's called argument from ignorance.
  • 4:45 - 4:46
    And this is how it goes.
  • 4:46 - 4:48
    Ready?
  • 4:48 - 4:51
    Somebody sees lights flashing in the sky.
  • 4:51 - 4:52
    They've never seen it before.
  • 4:53 - 4:55
    They don't understand what it is.
  • 4:55 - 4:58
    They say: A UFO!
  • 4:59 - 5:02
    The U stands for unidentified.
  • 5:02 - 5:06
    So they say I don't know what it is.
  • 5:06 - 5:09
    It must be aliens from out of space visiting from another planet.
  • 5:09 - 5:14
    Well, if you don't know what it is
  • 5:14 - 5:18
    that's where your conversation should stop!
  • 5:18 - 5:22
    You know, they say it must be anything.
  • 5:22 - 5:23
    ok?
  • 5:23 - 5:27
    That's what argument from ignorance is.
  • 5:27 - 5:30
    It's common, I'm not blaming anybody.
  • 5:30 - 5:32
    Psychologists kow all about it
  • 5:32 - 5:35
    and it may relate to our burning need
  • 5:35 - 5:37
    to have to know stuff,
  • 5:37 - 5:41
    because we are uncomfortable steeped in ignorance.
  • 5:41 - 5:45
    You can't be a scientist if you are uncomfortable with ignorance,
  • 5:45 - 5:49
    because we live at the boundary between what is known and unknown in the Universe.
  • 5:49 - 5:51
    Unlike what journalists write...
  • 5:51 - 5:53
    Have you seen journalists... any journalists here?
  • 5:54 - 5:56
    You know, journalists...
  • 5:58 - 6:00
    You know, journalists...
  • 6:01 - 6:03
    all articles about scientist ... begin:
  • 6:04 - 6:07
    Scientists now have to go back to the drawing board.
  • 6:07 - 6:10
    As though we're sitting up in our office, you know,
  • 6:10 - 6:13
    masters of the Universe, as if ooops...
  • 6:13 - 6:14
    somebody discovered something.
  • 6:14 - 6:17
    No,we are always at the drawing board.
  • 6:17 - 6:20
    If you are not at the drawing board you are not making discoveries.
  • 6:20 - 6:22
    You are something else.
  • 6:22 - 6:23
    So,
  • 6:24 - 6:28
    the public, it appears, seems to have that burning need
  • 6:28 - 6:30
    to have to have an answer to what is unknown.
  • 6:30 - 6:33
    And so you go from an abject statement of ignorance
  • 6:34 - 6:36
    to an abject statement of certainty.
  • 6:37 - 6:39
    So, that is operating within us.
  • 6:39 - 6:40
    Let's start there.
  • 6:41 - 6:42
    Second,
  • 6:42 - 6:46
    we know not only from research and psychology,
  • 6:46 - 6:50
    but simple empirical evidence from the history of science,
  • 6:50 - 6:54
    that the lowest form of evidence,
  • 6:54 - 6:58
    that exists in this world, is eye witness testimony.
  • 6:59 - 7:04
    Which is scary because that's some of the highest form of evidence in the court of law.
  • 7:04 - 7:07
    But we know from the second grade
  • 7:08 - 7:09
    where's my guy from second grade....
  • 7:10 - 7:11
    Grab the microphone for a minute...
  • 7:11 - 7:14
    Grab the microphone! Grab the microphone!
  • 7:15 - 7:19
    In your classes have you done the famous experiment where you play telephone
  • 7:20 - 7:24
    and you line up all the kids in class and one person starts with a story
  • 7:24 - 7:26
    and you hear it and you repeat it to the next person and the next person ....
  • 7:26 - 7:28
    Have you done this in class yet?
  • 7:29 - 7:30
    Yes.
  • 7:32 - 7:34
    What happens by the time you get to the last person
  • 7:34 - 7:36
    and they retell the story what happens?
  • 7:36 - 7:37
    It's like completely different.
  • 7:37 - 7:42
    Completely different, completely different. ok?
  • 7:42 - 7:45
    Because the conveyance of information
  • 7:45 - 7:48
    was relying on eye witness testimony
  • 7:48 - 7:50
    which in that case is ear witness testimony.
  • 7:50 - 7:53
    And so, let's take it, so he knows that.
  • 7:53 - 7:55
    So he knows it and he is a second grade!
  • 7:55 - 7:56
    right, so
  • 7:56 - 7:59
    Actually he should be in twelvth grade...
  • 7:59 - 8:00
    So...
  • 8:00 - 8:04
    So now, so now
  • 8:04 - 8:09
    it wouldn't matter if you saw a flying saucer.
  • 8:09 - 8:14
    In science even if you have something less controversial than a flying saucer,
  • 8:14 - 8:18
    if you're coming to my lab and you say : You gotta believe me I saw it!,
  • 8:18 - 8:22
    and you are one of my fellow scientists, I'd say: Go home!
  • 8:22 - 8:27
    Go back and retrieve some other kind of evidence that it's not just you saw it.
  • 8:28 - 8:32
    Ok? Because human perception system is rife
  • 8:32 - 8:36
    with all ways of getting it wrong, ok.
  • 8:36 - 8:38
    But we don't like thinking of ourselves that way.
  • 8:38 - 8:41
    We have higher opinions of our human biology
  • 8:41 - 8:43
    when in fact we should not.
  • 8:43 - 8:45
    I'll give you an example of how it reveals itself.
  • 8:45 - 8:51
    We've all bought and enjoyed books called optical illusions, right?
  • 8:51 - 8:55
    We all love optical illusions, but that's not what they should call the book.
  • 8:55 - 8:57
    They should call them "Brain failures".
  • 8:57 - 9:01
    Ok, 'cause that's what it is.
  • 9:01 - 9:07
    It's a complete failure of human perception, all right.
  • 9:07 - 9:12
    All it takes is a few sketches that are cleverly done and you brain can't figure it out.
  • 9:12 - 9:13
    All right?
  • 9:13 - 9:17
    So, we are poor data taking devices,
  • 9:17 - 9:19
    that's why we have such a thing as science.
  • 9:19 - 9:21
    Because we have machines
  • 9:21 - 9:24
    that don't care what side of the bed they woke up in the morning.
  • 9:24 - 9:26
    Don't care what they said to the spouse that day,
  • 9:26 - 9:31
    don't care whether they had their morning caffeine to get the data right, ok.
  • 9:31 - 9:38
    So maybe you did see visitors from another part of the Galaxy.
  • 9:38 - 9:41
    I need more than your eyewitness testimony.
  • 9:41 - 9:45
    And in modern times I need more than your photograph,
  • 9:45 - 9:47
    which photoshop probably has an UFO button
  • 9:47 - 9:50
    today sticked in
  • 9:50 - 9:53
    So, your computer!,
  • 9:53 - 9:58
    so here is what you do: I'm not saying we haven't been visited.
  • 9:58 - 10:02
    I'm saying the evidence thus far brought forth
  • 10:02 - 10:07
    does not satisfy the standards of evidence that any scientist
  • 10:07 - 10:12
    would require for any other claim that you're gonna walk into the lab with.
  • 10:12 - 10:16
    Then you're done, you come back and say: Look what I got!
  • 10:16 - 10:21
    Like I stole the ashtray off the shelf of the flying saucer
  • 10:21 - 10:23
    and then you bring that to the lab.
  • 10:23 - 10:26
    It's not about eyewitness testimony at that point
  • 10:26 - 10:28
    cause you have something of alien manufacture.
  • 10:28 - 10:32
    And anything you pull out of the flying saucer that cross the Galaxy
  • 10:32 - 10:35
    is gonna be interesting, ok.
  • 10:35 - 10:39
    Because even objects within our own culture .....
  • 10:39 - 10:42
    I got this device here,ok,
  • 10:42 - 10:44
    the iphone.
  • 10:44 - 10:47
    Ten years ago they would've resurrected the witch burning laws
  • 10:47 - 10:49
    had you pull this thing out.
  • 10:49 - 10:50
    Ok?
  • 10:50 - 10:53
    And that's in our own culture.
  • 10:53 - 10:56
    Our own culture produced this over 10 years back.
  • 10:57 - 11:01
    So if this is some technology that crossed the Galaxy,
  • 11:01 - 11:04
    that's gonna be some serious stuff to look at in the lab.
  • 11:04 - 11:06
    Then we can have the conversation.
  • 11:06 - 11:09
    Until then - I can't, I'm sorry.
  • 11:09 - 11:12
    Go ahead, keep trying to find it, I'm not gonna stop you.
  • 11:13 - 11:15
    But get ready for that time you are abducted,
  • 11:15 - 11:18
    because I'll be looking for your evidence when that happens.
  • 11:18 - 11:20
    and...
  • 11:20 - 11:23
    And last point on that is
  • 11:25 - 11:28
    there are people who look up all the time,
  • 11:29 - 11:32
    like for example the Community of amateur astronomers in the world.
  • 11:32 - 11:36
    I was an amateur astronomer. We come out of a building and we look up.
  • 11:37 - 11:39
    We are looking up.
  • 11:39 - 11:45
    UFO sightings are not higher among amateur astronomers than they are in the general public.
  • 11:45 - 11:48
    In fact, they are lower. You'd say why is that so.
  • 11:48 - 11:49
    Well, because we know what the hell we're looking at.
  • 11:54 - 11:56
    Because we study this stuff!
  • 11:56 - 12:00
    Do you know there was an UFO sighting reported by a police officer
  • 12:00 - 12:04
    because you think that when you have a badge or you are a pilot or whatever,
  • 12:04 - 12:07
    that your testimonies are somehow better than the average person.
  • 12:07 - 12:10
    It's all bad because we are human. ok?
  • 12:10 - 12:15
    So there was a police officer who was tracking an UFO
  • 12:15 - 12:18
    that was swaying back and forth in the sky.
  • 12:18 - 12:22
    ok, reported on the ... what it called the cop?
  • 12:22 - 12:27
    On the squad car chasing an UFO and the UFO was moving back and forth like this.
  • 12:27 - 12:29
    Ok? Later it turned out
  • 12:30 - 12:32
    the cop car was chasing Venus
  • 12:33 - 12:35
    and he was driving on a curved road.
  • 12:36 - 12:41
    but was so distracted by Venus he though Venus was the one moving
  • 12:41 - 12:45
    and he wasn't even thinking why he was doing this
  • 12:49 - 12:53
    I had a conversation with a layman about flying saucers -
  • 12:54 - 12:57
    because I am scientific I know all about flying saucers!
  • 12:57 - 13:01
    I said “I don’t think there are flying saucers”.
  • 13:01 - 13:04
    So my antagonist said,
  • 13:04 - 13:05
    “Is it impossible that there are flying saucers?
  • 13:06 - 13:08
    Can you prove that it’s impossible?”
  • 13:08 - 13:12
    “No”, I said, “I can’t prove it’s impossible. It’s just very unlikely”.
  • 13:12 - 13:15
    At that he said, “You are very unscientific.
  • 13:15 - 13:17
    If you can’t prove it impossible
  • 13:17 - 13:20
    then how can you say that it’s unlikely?”
  • 13:20 - 13:21
    But that is the way that is scientific.
  • 13:22 - 13:24
    It is scientific only to say what is more likely and what less likely,
  • 13:24 - 13:27
    and not to be proving all the time the possible and impossible.
  • 13:28 - 13:31
    To define what I mean, I finally said to him,
  • 13:31 - 13:35
    "Listen, I mean that from my knowledge of the world that I see around me,
  • 13:35 - 13:37
    I think that it's much more likely
  • 13:38 - 13:44
    that the reports of flying saucers are the results of the known irrational characteristics of terrestrial intelligence
  • 13:45 - 13:50
    rather than of the unknown rational efforts of extra-terrestrial intelligence."
  • 13:57 - 13:59
    If you look at our closest genetic relative
  • 13:59 - 14:02
    to human beings- the chimpanzees-
  • 14:02 - 14:06
    we share like 98+% identical DNA,
  • 14:07 - 14:09
    we are smarter than a chimpanzee.
  • 14:10 - 14:14
    Let’s invent a measure of intelligence that make humans unique.
  • 14:14 - 14:16
    Let’s say intelligence is your ability to compose poetry,
  • 14:16 - 14:21
    symphonies, do art, math and science, let’s say.
  • 14:21 - 14:22
    Ok?
  • 14:22 - 14:25
    Let’s make that as the arbitrary definition of intelligence for the moment.
  • 14:26 - 14:28
    Chimps can't do any of that
  • 14:28 - 14:33
    yet we share 98% - 99% identical DNA
  • 14:33 - 14:34
    Ok?
  • 14:34 - 14:37
    The most brilliant chimp there ever was
  • 14:37 - 14:40
    maybe can do a little bit of sign language
  • 14:40 - 14:42
    well our toddlers can do that
  • 14:42 - 14:44
    Toddlers.
  • 14:45 - 14:47
    So
  • 14:47 - 14:51
    here's what concerns me deeply, deeply
  • 14:53 - 14:58
    Everything that we are, that distinguishes us from chimps
  • 15:00 - 15:04
    emerges from that 1% difference in the DNA
  • 15:05 - 15:07
    It has to because that’s the difference.
  • 15:07 - 15:12
    The Hubble telescope, the grand… that’s in that 1%.
  • 15:14 - 15:17
    Maybe...
  • 15:18 - 15:21
    everything that we are that is not the chimp
  • 15:22 - 15:27
    is not as smart compared to the chimp as we tell ourselves it is
  • 15:29 - 15:34
    maybe the difference between constructing and launching a Hubble telescope
  • 15:34 - 15:38
    and a chimp combining two finger motions as a sign language
  • 15:38 - 15:43
    maybe that difference is not all that great
  • 15:43 - 15:45
    we tell ourselves it is
  • 15:45 - 15:48
    just the same when we label our books
  • 15:48 - 15:50
    optical illusions
  • 15:50 - 15:54
    We tell ourselves it's a lot. Maybe it's almost nothing.
  • 15:55 - 15:59
    How would we decide that? Imagine another life form!
  • 16:00 - 16:03
    That is 1% different from us!
  • 16:04 - 16:08
    In the direction that we are different from the chimp.
  • 16:10 - 16:11
    Think about that.
  • 16:11 - 16:14
    We have 1% difference and we are building the Hubble telescope.
  • 16:14 - 16:17
    Go another 1%.
  • 16:17 - 16:20
    What are we to they?
  • 16:21 - 16:24
    We would be drooling, blithering idiots in their presence.
  • 16:24 - 16:27
    That’s what we would be.
  • 16:28 - 16:34
    They would take Stephen Hawking and roll him in front of their
  • 16:34 - 16:37
    primate researchers and say well
  • 16:38 - 16:40
    this one is like the most brilliant among them
  • 16:40 - 16:42
    cause he can do sort of astrophysics in his head
  • 16:42 - 16:47
    Oh isn't that cute! Little Johny can do that too
  • 16:47 - 16:48
    Oh!!
  • 16:48 - 16:53
    Let me get it it's on the refrigerator door here it is
  • 16:53 - 16:56
    he did it in his elementary school class
  • 16:57 - 16:59
    Think about how smart they would be!
  • 17:00 - 17:04
    Quantum mechanics would be intuitive to their toddlers.
  • 17:05 - 17:11
    Whole symphonies would be written by their children, and like I said just put on the refrigerator door
  • 17:11 - 17:16
    the way our pasta collages are on our refrigerator doors.
  • 17:18 - 17:23
    So the notion, that we're gonna find some intelligent life
  • 17:23 - 17:28
    and have a conversation with it!?
  • 17:28 - 17:33
    When was the last time you stopped to have a conversation with a worm?
  • 17:35 - 17:37
    Or a bird?
  • 17:38 - 17:42
    Well, you might have had a conversation but I don’t think you expected an answer, alright.
  • 17:42 - 17:44
    All right? So...
  • 17:44 - 17:47
    We don't have conversations with any other species on earth
  • 17:47 - 17:50
    with whom we have DNA in common.
  • 17:50 - 17:53
    To believe that some intelligent other species
  • 17:53 - 17:58
    is gonna be interested in us? Enough to have a conversation?
  • 17:58 - 18:03
    they’ll look at our Hubble telescope and say, “isn’t that quaint… look at what they’re doing.”
  • 18:03 - 18:09
    So I lay awake at nights wondering whether simply we as a species
  • 18:09 - 18:13
    are simply too stupid to figure out the universe that we are investigating
  • 18:14 - 18:18
    and maybe we need some other species 1% smarter than we are
  • 18:19 - 18:21
    for which string theory would be intuitive,
  • 18:21 - 18:26
    for which all the greatest mysteries of the universe, from dark matter, dark energy, the origins of life
  • 18:26 - 18:29
    and all the frontiers of our thoughts
  • 18:29 - 18:32
    would be something that they would just self intuit.
  • 18:33 - 18:36
    I'm jealous of that possibility
  • 18:36 - 18:40
    because I want to be around for those discoveries.
  • 18:49 - 18:54
    [ Alternative solutions ]
  • 19:02 - 19:05
    UFO associated with extraterrestrial life
  • 19:05 - 19:10
    presents, very well, the aberrant approach of the monetary system.
  • 19:11 - 19:14
    Thus, the solution is proper education of human beings
  • 19:14 - 19:16
    and a reorganising of our system
  • 19:16 - 19:20
    so that our priorities are aligned with natural necessities.
  • 19:21 - 19:24
    The monetary system is unable to achieve this
  • 19:24 - 19:29
    because it's main concerns are profit and consumption.
  • 19:56 - 19:59
    It's disheartening that human beings consume their curiousity
  • 19:59 - 20:04
    Through films or discussions rather than inquire through science
  • 20:04 - 20:08
    What is even worse is that this organization called the monetary system
  • 20:09 - 20:11
    allows and perpetuates this situation
  • 20:13 - 20:16
    It does not give enough attention to science
  • 20:16 - 20:20
    Instead it focuses on consumption and profit
Τίτλος:
(h) TROM - 2.23 UFOs and extraterrestrial life
Περιγραφή:

http://tromsite.com - Full documentary, very well organized (download, youtube stream, subtitles, credits, share, get involved, and many more)

Documentary´s description :
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
TROM (The Reality of Me) represents the biggest documentary ever created, it is also the only one that tries to analyse everything : from science to the monetary system as well as real solutions to improve everyone's life.

A new and ´real´ way to see the world.

"Before the Big-Bang, till present, and beyond."
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

more » « less
Video Language:
English
Duration:
20:28

English subtitles

Αναθεωρήσεις Compare revisions