1 00:00:13,453 --> 00:00:15,708 Now I can teach you about suspended chords. 2 00:00:15,708 --> 00:00:18,651 So, what is a suspended chord, first of all? 3 00:00:18,651 --> 00:00:20,795 They're not chords that just like hanging around a lot. 4 00:00:21,318 --> 00:00:23,993 So, first of all you need to know what a "triad" is. 5 00:00:23,993 --> 00:00:26,570 Now, and triads are not Asian dudes with machine guns. 6 00:00:26,570 --> 00:00:28,085 In a musical sense. 7 00:00:28,900 --> 00:00:30,210 So, what we are talking about here 8 00:00:30,210 --> 00:00:33,322 is a triad that is a three note chord. 9 00:00:33,322 --> 00:00:34,373 Tri, prefix for three, 10 00:00:34,373 --> 00:00:35,905 so it's a three note chord. 11 00:00:35,905 --> 00:00:38,293 Three notes chords consist of a root note, 12 00:00:38,293 --> 00:00:39,534 a third and a fifth, 13 00:00:39,534 --> 00:00:41,041 wich is really the first note, 14 00:00:41,088 --> 00:00:44,800 the third note and the fifth note of a Major scale. 15 00:00:44,800 --> 00:00:46,804 Now, it's the third note of the triad 16 00:00:46,804 --> 00:00:49,989 that determines whether the chord is major or minor. 17 00:00:50,297 --> 00:00:52,705 So, if we were to have a look at, say, an A chord, 18 00:00:52,705 --> 00:00:57,836 then notes in A would be A, B, C would be the third, D, E. 19 00:00:57,836 --> 00:01:01,051 Now, actually, because of the key signature, the note C would be a C#, 20 00:01:01,051 --> 00:01:02,702 to make an A major chord. 21 00:01:02,702 --> 00:01:05,487 If you just go now and play an A chord, an A Major chord 22 00:01:05,487 --> 00:01:06,788 . . . 23 00:01:06,788 --> 00:01:09,735 and then you straight away afterward play an A minor chord 24 00:01:09,766 --> 00:01:10,578 ... 25 00:01:10,578 --> 00:01:12,682 you'd notice that only one note is different. 26 00:01:12,682 --> 00:01:15,197 And that's the C# on the B string, 27 00:01:15,197 --> 00:01:18,407 second fret moves to C natural note 28 00:01:18,407 --> 00:01:19,602 (plays) in the first fret. 29 00:01:19,602 --> 00:01:21,884 So, it is in fact only one note every time 30 00:01:21,884 --> 00:01:24,685 that changes between a major and a minor chord. 31 00:01:25,023 --> 00:01:27,022 Sometimes that note is doubled in your chord voicing, 32 00:01:27,022 --> 00:01:29,344 just to warn you, itâ€™s just not like one note on the guitar; 33 00:01:29,344 --> 00:01:31,571 harmonically it's one note that changes. 34 00:01:31,571 --> 00:01:33,707 Now, suspended chords 35 00:01:33,707 --> 00:01:35,994 take away the third of the chord 36 00:01:35,994 --> 00:01:37,644 and replace it with another note. 37 00:01:38,013 --> 00:01:41,293 So therefore, suspended chords are neither major or minor, 38 00:01:41,293 --> 00:01:43,154 and they have a very airy sound. 39 00:01:43,154 --> 00:01:45,539 So, if I just give you some demonstrations here: 40 00:01:45,539 --> 00:01:46,527 A Major: 41 00:01:46,527 --> 00:01:47,623 . . . 42 00:01:47,623 --> 00:01:49,577 Old happy sounding A Major. 43 00:01:49,577 --> 00:01:51,296 Now, if I move that... 44 00:01:51,296 --> 00:01:53,536 the third of the chord, which is the note C#, 45 00:01:53,536 --> 00:01:55,360 if I move that up one semitone, 46 00:01:55,360 --> 00:01:56,473 to D 47 00:01:56,473 --> 00:01:57,809 ... 48 00:01:57,809 --> 00:01:59,790 we now have an Asus4 sound. 49 00:01:59,790 --> 00:02:02,672 . . . 50 00:02:02,672 --> 00:02:04,302 Here it's kinda hovering, 51 00:02:04,302 --> 00:02:06,059 it is kind of hanging about a bit, that one. 52 00:02:06,059 --> 00:02:06,911 . . . 53 00:02:06,911 --> 00:02:08,472 Then we go back to A, 54 00:02:08,472 --> 00:02:09,801 . . . 55 00:02:09,801 --> 00:02:11,706 Now, if I lift off my little finger now: 56 00:02:11,706 --> 00:02:13,018 . . . 57 00:02:13,018 --> 00:02:15,855 which is kind of going down... that note down two frets, 58 00:02:15,855 --> 00:02:18,422 because if I go down just one it gets to the minor chord, 59 00:02:18,422 --> 00:02:19,242 ... 60 00:02:19,242 --> 00:02:21,216 we get an Asus2 chord. 61 00:02:21,709 --> 00:02:22,707 So, we've got now A: 62 00:02:22,707 --> 00:02:24,071 . . . 63 00:02:24,071 --> 00:02:25,188 Asus4: 64 00:02:25,188 --> 00:02:26,410 . . . 65 00:02:26,410 --> 00:02:27,122 A 66 00:02:27,122 --> 00:02:27,835 . . . 67 00:02:27,835 --> 00:02:28,855 and Asus2: 68 00:02:28,855 --> 00:02:30,127 . . . 69 00:02:30,127 --> 00:02:31,390 Quite a simple movement. 70 00:02:31,390 --> 00:02:34,045 Now, I'm not doing close-ups here at the chords, 71 00:02:34,045 --> 00:02:35,838 because it's quite a few chords and a few songs 72 00:02:35,838 --> 00:02:37,240 that I'm going to go through in this lesson, 73 00:02:37,240 --> 00:02:39,045 so, please go and check out the chords at: 74 00:02:39,153 --> 00:02:42,922 www.justinguitar.com 75 00:02:42,922 --> 00:02:45,261 you click on "chords" which is on the left hand side, 76 00:02:45,261 --> 00:02:47,427 or "chords and scales" I think it says actually, 77 00:02:47,427 --> 00:02:49,526 and then in the top group there are suspended chords. 78 00:02:49,526 --> 00:02:51,813 It shouldn't be very difficult for you to find them, 79 00:02:51,813 --> 00:02:54,119 and it explains all the different fingering choices as well, 80 00:02:54,119 --> 00:02:55,828 so please go and check that out. 81 00:02:55,828 --> 00:02:58,170 So, that was A chord. You can hear we had A: 82 00:02:58,170 --> 00:03:01,342 . . . 83 00:03:01,342 --> 00:03:02,674 Very common sound. 84 00:03:03,274 --> 00:03:05,312 That is the A chord. Now if we move it onto D, 85 00:03:05,312 --> 00:03:06,375 . . . 86 00:03:06,375 --> 00:03:07,761 play a regular D chord, 87 00:03:07,761 --> 00:03:09,529 then we add our little finger down, 88 00:03:09,529 --> 00:03:11,161 . . . 89 00:03:11,161 --> 00:03:12,174 that's Dsus4. 90 00:03:12,174 --> 00:03:13,349 . . . 91 00:03:13,349 --> 00:03:15,757 Back to regular D, lift off our second finger, 92 00:03:15,757 --> 00:03:16,739 . . . 93 00:03:16,739 --> 00:03:18,162 we get Dsus2 94 00:03:18,162 --> 00:03:18,874 . . . 95 00:03:18,874 --> 00:03:20,616 and then back to D. 96 00:03:21,277 --> 00:03:24,692 Now, just using those two types of chord shapes, 97 00:03:24,692 --> 00:03:27,207 I can show you a couple of the different ways it was used. 98 00:03:27,207 --> 00:03:28,800 The first way you use suspended chords 99 00:03:28,800 --> 00:03:30,388 is as an ornament, 100 00:03:30,388 --> 00:03:31,729 it's to kind of decorate when you play. 101 00:03:31,729 --> 00:03:33,494 So, if you got a D chord for ages and ages 102 00:03:33,494 --> 00:03:35,571 and you just want to do something a little bit different to it, 103 00:03:35,571 --> 00:03:36,764 then it just... you know 104 00:03:36,764 --> 00:03:38,337 . . . 105 00:03:38,337 --> 00:03:39,955 If you start to get a bit bored, you could: 106 00:03:39,955 --> 00:03:45,836 . . . 107 00:03:45,836 --> 00:03:47,650 You can just kind of add them in whenever you like, 108 00:03:47,650 --> 00:03:49,877 and they work on major and minor chords. 109 00:03:49,877 --> 00:03:51,925 I'll show you some tricks on that in a sec. 110 00:03:52,571 --> 00:03:55,908 Some famous examples I can think off the top of my head was... 111 00:03:55,908 --> 00:03:58,420 and old song from the 80's or early 90's... 112 00:03:59,358 --> 00:04:00,693 "Dead or Alive", by Bon Jovi, 113 00:04:00,693 --> 00:04:02,319 it's got a really nice example right at the beginning, 114 00:04:02,319 --> 00:04:03,297 where it goes: 115 00:04:03,374 --> 00:04:06,459 . . . 116 00:04:06,459 --> 00:04:09,252 It's a little decoration on the D chord there. 117 00:04:10,314 --> 00:04:14,374 Another good example is "Summer of 69" by Bryan Adams. 118 00:04:14,374 --> 00:04:16,028 It's actually a keyboard part, 119 00:04:16,028 --> 00:04:18,010 but that whole song is doing a... 120 00:04:21,164 --> 00:04:25,180 Yeah, it starts on Dsus2, D, 121 00:04:25,180 --> 00:04:27,024 sus4, D 122 00:04:27,024 --> 00:04:28,342 sus2, D, 123 00:04:28,342 --> 00:04:31,008 and then it goes to Asus2, (plays) 124 00:04:31,008 --> 00:04:33,212 A regular, Asus4, A. 125 00:04:33,212 --> 00:04:41,350 . . . 126 00:04:41,350 --> 00:04:42,453 So you can see then, 127 00:04:42,453 --> 00:04:45,365 in that instance it's kind of using the suspended chord 128 00:04:45,365 --> 00:04:48,080 as a riff, not just as an ornament. 129 00:04:48,080 --> 00:04:50,982 So, so far we've talked about D Major 130 00:04:50,982 --> 00:04:52,712 and then going to the sus, 131 00:04:52,712 --> 00:04:54,334 and A major going to the sus, 132 00:04:54,334 --> 00:04:57,217 and like I said, it also works for minor chords. 133 00:04:57,217 --> 00:04:59,144 So if we start with a D minor chord: 134 00:04:59,144 --> 00:05:00,886 . . . 135 00:05:00,886 --> 00:05:04,017 add the little finger (plays), we get Dsus4 again. 136 00:05:04,017 --> 00:05:05,327 Back to D minor: 137 00:05:05,327 --> 00:05:06,111 ... 138 00:05:06,111 --> 00:05:08,049 And then lift off your first finger (plays) 139 00:05:08,049 --> 00:05:09,668 and you get Dsus2. 140 00:05:09,668 --> 00:05:11,440 So the sus4 and the sus2 are the same, 141 00:05:11,440 --> 00:05:13,324 just we've put a minor in the middle 142 00:05:13,324 --> 00:05:14,094 instead of a major. 143 00:05:14,094 --> 00:05:14,809 ... 144 00:05:14,870 --> 00:05:16,370 So a good example of using that one 145 00:05:16,370 --> 00:05:18,560 for both a Dm and Am is... 146 00:05:19,483 --> 00:05:21,001 "Loosing my Religion", by R.E.M., 147 00:05:21,001 --> 00:05:22,161 where it's got this little: 148 00:05:22,161 --> 00:05:31,829 . . . 149 00:05:31,829 --> 00:05:33,010 You can hear very clearly that 150 00:05:33,010 --> 00:05:34,519 he's used the suspended chords 151 00:05:34,581 --> 00:05:35,585 to kind of make a riff. 152 00:05:36,616 --> 00:05:38,636 Also the Rolling Stones on "Paint it Black" 153 00:05:38,636 --> 00:05:41,050 kind of uses it on the D minor at the beginning: 154 00:05:41,050 --> 00:05:44,882 . . . 155 00:05:44,882 --> 00:05:46,958 It changes a bit to that last part. 156 00:05:46,958 --> 00:05:47,789 . . . 157 00:05:47,789 --> 00:05:49,315 Very last bit's a bit different, 158 00:05:49,315 --> 00:05:51,325 but the first part of it is the sus chords. 159 00:05:53,418 --> 00:05:56,551 So, that's taken care of Dsus4 and Dsus2, 160 00:05:56,659 --> 00:05:58,466 Asus4 and Asus2. 161 00:05:58,974 --> 00:06:00,319 If we go on to E now, 162 00:06:00,843 --> 00:06:02,102 We have a regular E chord, 163 00:06:02,102 --> 00:06:04,033 if we put down our little finger 164 00:06:04,033 --> 00:06:06,490 underneath the third finger, 165 00:06:06,490 --> 00:06:07,438 ... 166 00:06:07,438 --> 00:06:09,217 we get Esus4. (plays) 167 00:06:09,217 --> 00:06:10,348 And back to E. 168 00:06:10,348 --> 00:06:11,585 Now, we can't get... 169 00:06:11,662 --> 00:06:14,435 There's no such chord as an Esus2 chord in an open position. 170 00:06:14,435 --> 00:06:15,916 I mean, there kind of is just later on, 171 00:06:15,916 --> 00:06:17,288 but for you right now, there's not. 172 00:06:18,026 --> 00:06:19,337 Because if we lift off the first finger, 173 00:06:19,337 --> 00:06:21,878 we get to E minor, not Esus2. 174 00:06:21,955 --> 00:06:23,040 Yeah? 175 00:06:23,040 --> 00:06:24,263 You can play it like this, (plays) 176 00:06:24,263 --> 00:06:25,361 like a big barre chord later on, 177 00:06:25,361 --> 00:06:27,226 but that's not the one for you right now. 178 00:06:28,042 --> 00:06:30,877 Again, there's quite a few tunes that use the Esus chord. 179 00:06:31,477 --> 00:06:33,451 Another good example of that one is... 180 00:06:33,451 --> 00:06:35,385 "It's Only Natural" by Crowded House, 181 00:06:35,385 --> 00:06:37,619 which is E, Esus4 182 00:06:37,619 --> 00:06:42,420 . . . 183 00:06:42,420 --> 00:06:45,201 Then Asus4 to A 184 00:06:45,201 --> 00:06:47,736 Asus4 to A and back to E. 185 00:06:47,736 --> 00:06:49,766 . . . 186 00:06:49,766 --> 00:06:51,887 Then it goes into barre chords for the rest of the tune. 187 00:06:51,887 --> 00:06:52,673 But the verses... 188 00:06:52,673 --> 00:06:55,070 You can hear it's kind of using it like a riff, 189 00:06:55,070 --> 00:06:57,374 but it's not really a riff, it's just a decoration. 190 00:06:57,805 --> 00:06:58,668 Now... 191 00:06:59,883 --> 00:07:01,116 the only other ones that I think 192 00:07:01,116 --> 00:07:02,919 that are kind of useful for you to learn 193 00:07:02,919 --> 00:07:05,155 as a starting one is maybe a Csus. 194 00:07:05,155 --> 00:07:06,740 Now, C is a bit weird, 195 00:07:06,740 --> 00:07:08,079 because remember I told you that sometimes 196 00:07:08,371 --> 00:07:11,465 you have to change the third of a chord to make a suspended chord. 197 00:07:11,465 --> 00:07:13,605 Well, in the case of a C open chord, 198 00:07:13,605 --> 00:07:16,871 we've got the note E, 199 00:07:16,871 --> 00:07:17,684 which is the third of the chord. 200 00:07:17,684 --> 00:07:18,497 It occurs twice. 201 00:07:18,497 --> 00:07:19,841 So, what I'm just gonna show you 202 00:07:19,841 --> 00:07:21,703 is a nice kind of decoration, 203 00:07:21,764 --> 00:07:23,717 but it's not really a true C suspended chord, 204 00:07:23,717 --> 00:07:25,912 because you might hit the first string. 205 00:07:26,374 --> 00:07:27,568 There's more of that on the web site. 206 00:07:28,122 --> 00:07:29,523 But just if you start with C: 207 00:07:29,600 --> 00:07:30,576 ... 208 00:07:30,576 --> 00:07:32,076 put down your little finger 209 00:07:32,076 --> 00:07:33,271 in front of your second finger, 210 00:07:33,271 --> 00:07:34,140 underneath your third 211 00:07:34,217 --> 00:07:36,733 . . . 212 00:07:36,763 --> 00:07:38,836 You get Csus4, (plays), 213 00:07:38,836 --> 00:07:39,633 back to C, 214 00:07:39,633 --> 00:07:42,524 lift off your second finger, (plays) 215 00:07:42,524 --> 00:07:44,767 and you get a Csus2. Back to C, 216 00:07:44,767 --> 00:07:46,271 which is just a really nice change. 217 00:07:46,271 --> 00:07:53,079 . . . 218 00:07:53,079 --> 00:07:55,213 You can hear It's just got a kind of comfortable, 219 00:07:55,213 --> 00:07:57,358 easy feeling for some rhythm guitar. 220 00:07:57,358 --> 00:07:58,967 So, OK. 221 00:07:58,967 --> 00:07:59,896 That will do for now. 222 00:07:59,896 --> 00:08:01,924 If you want to check out some more suspended chords, 223 00:08:01,924 --> 00:08:04,439 I think every open suspended chord I can think of 224 00:08:04,439 --> 00:08:05,207 is on the web site, 225 00:08:05,207 --> 00:08:06,452 so go and have check that out. 226 00:08:07,313 --> 00:08:09,981 And then try and apply them to any songs that you've got... 227 00:08:09,981 --> 00:08:11,948 where you've got a chord for a long time. 228 00:08:11,948 --> 00:08:15,236 See if you can incorporate some of those suspended chords in, 229 00:08:15,236 --> 00:08:17,428 to make your rhythm guitar playing a little more interesting. 230 00:08:17,844 --> 00:08:18,882 Have fun, see you soon. 231 00:08:18,906 --> 00:08:19,460 Bye!