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Ukazujem Revíziu 3 vytvorenú 08/29/2020 od Chris Chou.

  1. My name is Jeff Moyer. I am a 71
    year old disability rights advocate,
  2. writer, and musician. I've been
    involved with the ADA since before
  3. it's inception when we were
    working to establish the
  4. beginning of disability rights
    through the 504 regulations
  5. that were signed in 1977
    following a 26 day sit in at
  6. the San Francisco federal
    building and I was a musician
  7. during that, although I did not
    live there like those heroes did.
  8. I came and went. I had a young child.
    My involvement with the ADA began
  9. when I heard Justin Dart speak in 1988
    I was captivated by his soaring oratory,
  10. and his unifying message.
    I introduced myself and
  11. asked if I might one day record
    his oratory, he said yes and that
  12. began our friendship which led to
    him inviting me to perform my song
  13. the ADA anthem at the U.S. senate
    at the evening reception following
  14. the signing of the ADA at the white
    house in the morning.
  15. I then became involved as a member
    of the ADA implementation network
  16. and worked pro bono with people
    all over the country.
  17. Helping ensure that the rights created
    by the ADA were realized in their lives.
  18. I began to go blind the summer of
    1954, two weeks before my younger
  19. brother was born with a severe
    cognitive disability and I think my
  20. realization of exclusion and such
    occurred for me as I was trying to see
  21. in first grade, to read and the
    materials were not accessible,
  22. but my teacher had to write out
    everything she wrote on the board
  23. and hand it to me separately.
    So it was my first realization
  24. of a need and also the human
    intervention that met my needs.
  25. For my brother it wasn't so easy
    and he became the victim of
  26. extreme thuggery, and childhood
    violence and there were no schools
  27. that would accept him, not even
    the schools for kids with disabilities.
  28. As a result, he was institutionalized
    when he was 9 years old and that
  29. opened a chapter in my life that
    continues about understanding
  30. the needs of people with cognitive
    disabilities that thanks to the mighty
  31. Olmstead decision as part of the ADA
    institutional life was considered a
  32. violation of civil rights. There's so
    much to that story.
  33. The ADA was a wonderful construct,
    however in it's construction,
  34. the decision was made by the
    senate to exclude blindness so
  35. every intersection in the country had curb
    cuts, but putting in accessible signals
  36. for people with visual disabilities is
    a local option and I'm afraid that
  37. and I know that for a fact. A dear
    friend of mine who's since passed
  38. was part of that whole process in
    Washington. Her name was
  39. Mary Jane Owen. So the ADA is a
    great promise, but it's only realized
  40. through individual action when
    people apply the skills of advocacy
  41. to make sure that case by case,
    it's realized.
  42. I was invited to the white house for
    the signing ceremony and I got
  43. there early just by virtue of when
    my plane landed so I was seated
  44. in the front row of the public section.
    There was a section for congress, and
  45. the administration and then a
    section for the public.
  46. When the president walked out
    crossing the platform that had
  47. been constructed so that he could
    be seen by the crowd, by the
  48. audience rather, of course the
    congressional section rose as one
  49. in applause and then there came
    people yelling, "We can't see, sit
  50. down!" Senator Kennedy was
    sitting right in front of me
  51. and the woman who I met who
    was sitting next to me said that
  52. he whipped around and realized
    that they were blocking the
  53. view of people in wheelchairs.
    So there was this moment of
  54. collision of protocol and accessibility
  55. Of course people sat down. So it
    was the first time, as the ADA was
  56. being signed, that accessibility was
    realized by virtue of personal action.
  57. I think this is going to be a difficult
    time for realization of anything new
  58. concerning disability rights,
    because as our country is now
  59. wrestling with the economic
    outcome due to being shut
  60. down due to Coronavirus, I
    think we're going to be
  61. working real hard just to
    maintain the ground we have.
  62. If I could have anything I wanted
    in terms of accessibility, it would
  63. be to reopen the ADA's mighty
    pages to include information
  64. and orientation access and by
    that I mean if you're able to
  65. ambulate and you're blind or
    you can't read by virtue of a
  66. cognitive disability, simple things
    like street crossings, bus numbers,
  67. signs in buildings are difficult,
    impossible to read if you can't
  68. see or can't read. This technology
    is called talking signs, and we came
  69. very close. All of this is not
    required by the ADA, to see that
  70. realized as part of the ADA.
    However, the republicans blocked
  71. the highway bill because they
    didn't want President Obama
  72. to have any victories and we
    had a high priority amendment
  73. to that, that would've made
    Washington, D.C. the first
  74. accessible city in the world for
    people who can't see or can't read.
  75. When that happened after 10
    years of effort to get to that
  76. point, the little company went
    under. I had been a volunteer
  77. for it for 10 years and with it
    came really a crushing defeat
  78. for that type of accessibility.
    Now, there certainly are many
  79. types of access through one's
    cellphone if you're able to
  80. do that, but so many people
    aren't able or can't afford it
  81. that it makes accessibility
    something that requires money
  82. and the responsibility that the
    ADA made clear is that the
  83. responsibility for access is on
    behalf of the government.
  84. People have disabilities,
    situations create handicaps.
  85. I think what the ADA did was
    open the possibility for people
  86. that employment was going to be
    open to them.
  87. In fact we've lost ground since the
    ADA was passed, because people
  88. hid behind it in terms of their
    response to hiring.
  89. We need to make greater progress
    in terms of employment equity.
  90. As well as orientation and
    information access.
  91. The ADA, I just heard Robert
    Moses who is one of the great
  92. heroes of the civil rights
    movement, freedom summer 1964
  93. and he said the Civil Act of 1964
    and the Voting Rights Act of 1965
  94. are ideas, but they have yet to be
    fully realized.
  95. The ADA, it's an idea, it's a
    construct, it's a mighty
  96. accomplishment, but to see it
    fully realized in our lives
  97. requires accessibility and
    said decision addresses
  98. what I consider to be the most
    extreme need we have.
  99. That is safe and accessible
    housing for people with
  100. cognitive disabilities.
    Institutions still exist, and even
  101. in the community it takes
    advocates to make sure that
  102. people are able to live in safe and
    welcoming environments, even in
  103. their own home. I saw this with
    my brother who died of lung cancer
  104. because of being addicted to
    cigarettes in the institution
  105. when he was a child.
  106. But even in his last days there was
    thievery and violence in the home
  107. which is of course what we
    expected we would be getting
  108. away from when I was able to
    move him from the institution
  109. into a supported living home.
    So the greatest need is the
  110. needs of the least among us.
    Once again, we must listen to
  111. our heart intelligence, know
    what is right and then find
  112. the way that one's rights can
    address that.
  113. The ADA, IDEA, 504, the Voting
    Rights Act, or the Fair Housing
  114. Act amendments. There are many
    laws in the quilted protections
  115. we have, but each of them require
    individual planning and each of
  116. them require advocacy.
    So all of you advocates,
  117. all of you young people there
    that are reading this or
  118. watching this, the torch is
    being passed and it's
  119. important that younger
    generations now take on the
  120. mantle of continuing to move
    forward with our beloved, hard
  121. won disability rights, which are
    our civil rights.
  122. I hope that people are able to think
    more broadly about what we
  123. need as a community and pull
    as one in common direction,
  124. common cause for possibly
    the good of a few in the
  125. community, but we all benefit
    when we are lifted up through
  126. accessibility.
  127. I added music to our
    demonstration to the signing
  128. of the ADA, to the commemoration
    of it's 10th anniversary.
  129. Throughout I've understood the
    power of music.
  130. It communicates to the wider
    community. It buoys us up as
  131. advocates and it unites us.
    Martin Luther King, Jr.'s
  132. widow said it the day of national
    service, the Martin Luther King
  133. holiday, that we have when we
    were involved in the civil rights
  134. movement, the 60's the
    disability rights movement
  135. in the 70's, it was music that
    helped us create a community
  136. because we sang together
    as one and I do hope that
  137. music is not lost as a means
    to pull us together.
  138. If there's one thing we need
    now, it is to know that we are one
  139. as people with disabilities, that we
    all share the same histories of
  140. in different ways of discrimination
    and exclusion and our rights
  141. are protected by the same laws.
    I do hope that culture continues
  142. binding us together and giving
    voice through it's myriad ways
  143. so that people are able to express
    the reality and hope.
  144. Hope is what we need more
    than ever right now and
  145. that is what the ADA provided,
    was a great beacon of hope.