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← Guitar Technique: Vibrato [Hand Movement] (Guitar Lesson TE-008)

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Showing Revision 11 created 07/03/2016 by konyv 1977.

  1. Hi, how you doing?
    Justin here.
  2. Today we're going to be
    talking about vibrato.
  3. It's a very common question
    this one. I see questions about
  4. it all the time on the forums
    and in private lessons
  5. A lot of people don't really
    get how to do a vibrato,
  6. what the different types are
    So there's three types
  7. The one that we're looking
    at today I call "hand vibrato"
  8. It's the most common type of vibrato
    that you'll ever find and it's
  9. definitely the one that I would
    recommend you get to grips with first
  10. The other types are "classical vibrato"
    where you tend to move your hand
  11. left and right, side to side which
    is less useful on electric guitar.
  12. It's possible to use it but it's not
    really what you want to be checking out
  13. I think for electric guitar and the
    other one I call "whole arm vibrato"
  14. which is the type of vibrato that few guys
    use like Eric Clapton and John Mayer.
  15. It's not the most common in blues
    and rock but it's still definitely worth
  16. checking out so we're going
    to do that in a separate lesson.
  17. Now the idea of vibrato, of course, is to
    make your guitar sound a little more vocal.
  18. It's really-really important that you get
    to grips with the idea of that note
  19. moving up and down in pitch If you
    just play the note and you stay on it,
  20. it tends to sound a little bit flat.
  21. Especially where singers do that without
    the vibrato, it sounds really wonky.
  22. So it's really important to realise
    that you got to get the note
  23. and then you want to be changing
    the pitch up and down a little bit.
  24. Now on guitar we can make it go
    up and down with a whammy bar but
  25. because of the way the instrument is
    designed we tend to just move the note up.
  26. Now before I talk about that,
    let's get to a close up and check
  27. out the actual technique that
    you're going to need to use.
  28. So I want you to start by putting your 3rd
    finger in the 7th fret of the 3rd string.
  29. Get the other 2 fingers behind it,
    just on the 6th and 5th fret.
  30. Or if they bunch up a little bit,
    it doesn't really matter.
  31. And make sure that your thumb
    is over the top of the guitar.
  32. Now you can do it without
    the thumb over the top but
  33. it's a lot easier to start
    with the thumb over.
  34. Now, if we just remove our fingers
    a little bit I want you to see that the
  35. 1st finger is in contact with the neck
    because when we've got our fingers down
  36. actually the vibrato pivot point is this.
  37. It's actually our hand that's moving,
    okay. So when we're playing a note
  38. you'll see there that it's
    actually this motion, it's the hand.
  39. I'm exaggerating it now so you can see.
  40. Okay? It's not this:
  41. If you try and do it with just your
    fingers by pulling your fingers in
  42. like that you end up with
    this kind of quite odd vibrato
  43. and usually you'll bend it out of tune
    as well because it's really important
  44. that it comes back to the note
    that we call the "fundamental"
  45. Which is the first note
  46. So thumb over the top, 3rd finger
    on the 7th fret of the 3rd string.
  47. Play the note
  48. and then just pull it down a bit
    and then relax it again and again
  49. Play and see if you can get into
    a little pattern of doing that
  50. Okay, that's how you want
    to practice the technique
  51. Just pulling it up
  52. Now what I tend to think about is
    when I'm putting the string back up.
  53. Instead of just going to
    the spot I'm looking for,
  54. I tend to try and think of
    it going a little up as well.
  55. So I'm pulling it down and when
    it's going back I'm trying to think
  56. of it going slightly up, but if
    you imagine where the sting is
  57. that's pulling the string down
    that's pushing it up, okay?
  58. So even though we're mostly concentrating
    on pulling the strong down,
  59. I want to really make sure that
    I come back to exactly that note.
  60. Cause if you do the vibrato Like this:
  61. Now the note that we hear is note in tune.
    That's the note that's in tune
  62. So we have to make sure that we
    keep coming back to that note.
  63. Just pulling it down
  64. See if we can get that going
    nice and smoothly.
  65. Like I said, I'm thinking about
    pushing it up a little bit,
  66. but it's definitely more of a down thing.
  67. Like it's definitely moving further down.
  68. It's important to realise that there's
    2 things that we've got to play with.
  69. The depth which is how far
    we're bending it, okay? So:
  70. You can have a really wide vibrato, like
    that which is a little bit exaggerated.
  71. Okay? Or it could be quite subtle.
    Where it's hardly moving at all.
  72. Just a little okay. Okay?
  73. And then of course we've got speed so the
    wide one slowly will sound really weird.
  74. Okay? The little one slowly
    will sound quite nice. Okay?
  75. So we've got those two different things.
    Normally the wide one would be quite fast.
  76. Otherwise it just sounds
    kind of wrong so you want to
  77. experiment a little bit with
    all of those different things so
  78. Just putting a finger on, see if
    you can get a nice small vibrato.
  79. Where it's not moving much.
    Making sure again you're coming
  80. back to the note as if it's not
    being pushed or pulled at all
  81. And maybe trying to
    make it a little bit bigger.
  82. And then back. Okay, then
    try it with different fingers.
  83. The first finger's a good one as well.
  84. Cause then you can really
    feel that kind of a pulling there.
  85. You can really see while
    I've got my first finger straight.
  86. Bend it in and then by moving my hand
    you can see that it's making that motion.
  87. So then put it down.
  88. Get use to what it feels like.
    Little, little motions. Big ones.
  89. And experience. Get a feeling.
    How does it makes you
  90. feel when you're doing
    that nice little subtle vibrato?
  91. Okay, try it on some
    other parts of the neck.
  92. Little vibrato, quite wide vibrato.
    Now one thing that
  93. you're going to find straight
    away on the first string
  94. You can't pull it down. So you have to be
    thinking now of pushing it up.
  95. Okay, so instead of all of that feeling
    that you had before pulling down.
  96. It's the same things,
    it's still the hand moving
  97. Just a bit more subtle. Try it all over
    the neck, with all the different fingers.
  98. I don't tend to use my little finger
    much for vibrato, to tell the truth.
  99. But you probably should be able to do it.
  100. just going through a bunch of time.
    Sometimes working on a
  101. real slow nice vibrato, like you
    might play in a ballad.
  102. Just thinking about something
    really beautiful and soft
  103. and make the note sound really
    nice and vocal and singing.
  104. Other times you might want to be doing:
  105. Something more aggressive
    and fast and crazy.
  106. That one's gone right out of
    tune because I've gone too crazy.
  107. But experiment and see because there's a
    time and a place for every different type
  108. of vibrato and you want to learn how to
    make the guitar sound how you imagine.
  109. One last little tip for you before
    you start your practise, and that
  110. will be to emulate the vibrato
    that you really like.
  111. So a lot of the guitar players -
    Angus Young springs to mind, very,
  112. very distinctive type of vibrato and
    if you really like that style of vibrato.
  113. Something that you want to think about
    is really trying to copy his vibrato.
  114. So maybe learn one of his
    licks that's got vibrato in it
  115. and then sit and try to make
    your playing sound exactly like his.
  116. Try and copy it. Listen to it closely.
    Is it very wide? Is it very fast?
  117. Or is it very narrow? Is it slow?
    Really try and pick up on what
  118. it is that he's doing and then try
    and make your guitar sound like that.
  119. It's going to take you some practise,
    but it's totally worth it.
  120. Even if you don't end up using
    his style of vibrato all the time.
  121. The fact that you've learned
    how to copy it will mean that
  122. you're better able to express yourself
    through the instrument. You know,
  123. BB King another guy who's got a very
    distinctive vibrato and it's something-
  124. it's really, really, important to try and
    emulate the stuff that you really like.
  125. The things that really connect with
    you on a kind of a spiritual level
  126. That's the stuff that you really want to
    copy and you want to try and really make-
  127. incorporate those things into your playing
    because they obviously resonate with you
  128. in a kind of a deep way so try and copy
    the things that really move you.
  129. The stuff that you really, really like.
  130. So hope that helps you get
    your vibrato on track and I'll
  131. see you for plenty more lessons very soon.
  132. You take care of yourselves
  133. Bye