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← The First movie director's name was Alice / produced by Terry Hodel

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Showing Revision 7 created 05/19/2014 by kurien.5265.

  1. (Piano music)
  2. The first movie directors' s name was Alice.
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    There is nothing connected with the staging of a motion picture that a woman cannot do as easily as a man.
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    Moving Picture World, July 1914, Women's Place in Photoplay Production by Madam Ellis Bouche
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    And there is no reason why she cannot completely master every technically of the art.
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    The technique of the drama has been mastered by so many women
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    that it is considered much of a field as a man's. And it's adaptation to picture work in no way removes it from her sphere.
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    The technique of motion picture photography, like the technique of the drama, is fitted to a woman's activities.
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    It is hard for me to imagine how I could have obtained my knowledge of photography; for instance,
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    results in month of study spent in the laboratory in the Coma Company in Paris.
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    at a time when motion picture photography
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    was in the experimental stage
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    and carefully continued since in my own laboratory
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    in the Solex Studios in this country.
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    It is also necessary to study stage direction by actual
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    participation in the work, in addition to 'burning the midnight oil'
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    in your library. But both are as suitable as fascinating
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    and as renumerative to a woman as to a man.
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    'Dictionary of Film Makers' by Georges Sadoul
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    translated,edited and updated by Peter Morris,
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    published by The University of California press.
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    Guy-Blaché, Alice born Alice Guy married Herbert Blaché.
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    Originally, Léon Gaumont's secretary,
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    when he was still making only film equipment,
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    she began making short films intended for use as demonstrations for potential clients.
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    She made her first film 'La Fée aux Choux' in 1896, some months before Méliè,
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    and thus became the first woman director in the world.
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    The entry under Méliè in the same book, describes him as the first director of story films.
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    Not the first man director, the first director.
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    First in the rapidly growing field of film making, may be arguable and hold limited meaning.
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    But what is interesting is that the Historian chose to invent a sub- category, 'Women directors', in order to reserve the title of first director for a man.
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    This attitude about the women, who have worked in films, is one of the things that's helped render them almost invisible.
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    Women have worked in film-making in creative and decision making positions such as writer, editor, director and executive since the movies began.
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    (piano playing)
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    The first moving picture were like news-reels.
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    Recording street scenes, parades and public events.
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    In 1896, The Gaumont Camera Company was considering producing movie equipment.
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    At tha time, 23 yr old Alice Guy, was secretary to The Gaumont Company.
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    She was asked to make a film that would show the entertainment business potential of their new gadget, The Movie Projector.
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    Working in the Garden of her boss's house on the factory grounds, Alice made 'La Fée aux Choux' (The Cabbage fairy), based on the french tale that babies come from beneath cabbage leaves.
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    Gaumont sold his equipment.
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    And also the movies to show on it.
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    A reporter in a 1912 article described Alice's contribution to the Gaumont organization.
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    Mr. Gaumont was absorbed with the scientific department of production; of merely engaging in photographing moving objects.
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    She inaugrated the presentation of little plays on the screen by that company,
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    some 16 or 17 years ago, operating the camera, writing or adapting the photo drama, setting the scenes and handling the actors.
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    Alice remained the Principal Director and Head of Film Production at Gaumont through 1906, producing comedies, fantasies, melodramas, religious films and several with sounded recorded on wax cylinders.
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