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8 Tips for Debunking Fake News

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    Hi, I'm Hari Sreenivasan.
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    Welcome to Take on Fake,
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    where we'll debunk some claims
    you may have seen or even shared online.
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    We've spent the past year
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    talking to journalists and fact
    checkers all over the country
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    about how they tackle
    misinformation gone viral.
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    They shared with us
    a bunch of tips and tools
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    that not only work for them,
    but can work for you too.
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    Here are 8 steps you can take,
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    whether it's on your phone or your laptop
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    to help make sense of all the information
    you're seeing on your timelines.
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    Know the difference between
    misinformation and disinformation.
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    It's important to first understand
    the difference between these two words.
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    You've probably seen or heard them a lot
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    over the past couple of years.
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    Misinformation is false
    information that is spread
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    regardless of whether
    there is intent to mislead.
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    Disinformation, on the other hand,
    is designed to deceive you.
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    It might be a manipulated narrative
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    or completely made up facts.
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    Disinformation is just plain propaganda.
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    So now you know the types
    of bad information,
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    what can you do when you come across them?
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    Check your emotional response.
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    Social media is designed
    to get a big reaction out of you,
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    whether it's something to like, or love,
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    cry over, or get angry about.
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    If you're scrolling through social media
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    and you see something
    that really speaks to you,
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    and like really feels right,
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    and you think, "Yes, that really
    solidifies what I think."
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    That should be a warning to you
    that it might be questionable.
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    Often, you'll find that
    the facts that are included
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    in means that feel the most
    right, are actually wrong.
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    Look for red flags in the post itself.
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    How do you know if something is wrong?
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    Well, there are a lot of telltale signs
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    that a post may not be legitimate
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    that you can find without leaving
    your social media feed.
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    If you see dozens and dozens of hashtags,
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    take a closer look -
    who is the post targeting?
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    What audience is the post trying to reach?
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    Immediately we are skeptical
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    because you're seeing
    lots and lots of hashtags -
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    that's sort of a giveaway
    that someone is trying
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    to spread something really quickly.
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    You might even notice
    a few QAnon hashtags here,
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    which is a fringe,
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    but now more populist conspiracy theories.
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    So immediately, that was a tip off
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    something does not seem right here.
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    Next, the posts may have
    already been flagged for you.
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    Most social media platforms
    work with independent fact checkers
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    and allow them to add labels
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    to post that are false, misleading,
    or taken out of context.
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    Open a new tab.
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    New tabs are every
    fact-checkers best friend.
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    We've talked to a lot of journalists,
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    and they all had one thing in common -
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    just look at all of the tabs.
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    Once you open a new tab,
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    the best place to start is
    with an internet search.
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    A keyword search can show you
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    where the information
    came from originally,
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    but you can also cross
    reference with other sources,
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    and find out if what you're seeing
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    has already been clarified or debunked.
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    Check out the website.
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    Sometimes the social media posts
    will link out to a website.
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    If that's the case,
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    you can learn a lot about
    the source's legitimacy
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    with just a little bit of detective work.
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    So you always wanna do as much
    research on the website as possible
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    before sharing something.
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    So always go to that website
    and find their "About" page.
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    If there's not a lot of information there,
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    or there are spelling errors,
    or it seems kind of generic,
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    that might be a signal to you
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    that the website's not reliable.
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    Try one of these tools.
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    Journalists use a number
    of excellent free resources
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    to help them learn more
    about a piece of information.
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    Found a questionable photo?
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    Start with a reverse image search.
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    And this reverse image search
    is where you can kinda ask the internet,
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    whether it's Google
    or another search engine,
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    "Has something been uploaded
    to the internet before
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    with a thumbnail like this?
    Can you find this online?"
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    For dubious websites, use Whois.
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    This lookup tool can tell
    you who registered the domain
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    and when a website was first created.
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    If a website was created
    around the same time
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    that the post you saw was going viral,
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    that may sound a few alarm bells for you.
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    Be prepared for breaking news.
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    Reliable news takes time,
    but when news breaks,
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    information can travel faster than facts.
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    So what can you do to make sure
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    you're getting accurate
    up-to-date information?
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    It's really helpful, I think,
    if you're an individual,
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    to create a list with all
    of these different journalists
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    so that you can monitor
    them during breaking news.
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    Build your own little stable of experts
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    that you trust, that are verified.
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    And that way you might see
    that what you're about to share
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    actually showed up here
    as something that you shouldn't.
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    Exactly.
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    Ask for help.
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    If you see something on your feed
    that needs a fact check,
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    reach out directly
    to a trusted fact-checker
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    and ask them to investigate it for you.
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    We definitely need the public's help too,
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    to flag things for fact checkers.
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    We have an email, we have
    social media accounts,
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    and if people have questions,
    we would love to help them.
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    2020 has been a year.
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    It seems like every day has brought
    some fresh breaking news,
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    and along with it, some right
    falsehoods and outright lies.
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    It's been exhausting for everyone.
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    That's why we're especially grateful
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    to all of the hardworking
    journalists that we've spoken to.
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    We've covered just a few bits
    of misinformation in our 10 episodes,
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    but these fact checkers
    have covered thousands.
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    So hats off to you all,
    and to everyone else
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    who's out there checking
    sources, verifying facts,
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    and debunking bogus claims.
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    Until next time.
    Don't spread fake news.
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    keep it real.
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    I'm Hari Sreenivasan,
    and this is Take on Fake.
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    Thanks for joining us this season.
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    We're gonna take
    a little break for a while,
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    but we hope you keep fact
    checking throughout our hiatus.
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    Check out the description
    for a bunch of resources
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    to help you chase the truth.
タイトル:
8 Tips for Debunking Fake News
概説:

more » « less
Video Language:
English
Team:
Amplifying Voices
プロジェクト:
Misinformation and Disinformation
Duration:
06:05

English subtitles

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