English sottotitoli

โ† Eating Insects to Save a Forest

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Mostrare Revisione 4 creata 09/24/2018 da on_demand_216.

  1. "Valala iray hifanapahana" emphasizes the generosity
  2. of the people of Madagascar.
  3. It's a proverb, that also means that if I only had one cricket,
  4. I would share half of it with you
  5. and that's really what we're trying to do.
  6. We're trying to take something that is completely Malagasy
  7. and share it with the Malagasy people.
  8. I really wanted to use science to impact conservation.
  9. It took me a while to realize,
  10. you can't do conservation without really understanding
  11. why the people aren't conserving.
  12. In Madagascar, what comes down to is really about food.
  13. Madagascar's population's been continually rising,
  14. and since the time I've worked there,
  15. the grasslands are already degraded with cattle grazing,
  16. and there's only 10% of the forest left.
  17. And on top of that,
  18. about 53% of the children under the age of five are malnourished.
  19. It's clear, they're hungry.
  20. But what are they going to eat?
  21. They need a new food source.
  22. And they don't need a new one in a sense,
  23. they need a traditional one.
  24. But we can apply some technology
  25. and make it more economical and make it at scale,
  26. make it in a way that can actually feed a large number of people.
  27. People have been eating insects since the earliest times.
  28. It's food for traditional cultures around the world.
  29. Studies have shown that for some insects,
  30. you get more of the micronutrients from eating insect protein
  31. or insect powder, for example, or whole insects,
  32. than you would if you ate a steak.
  33. Insects have an amazing low footprint
  34. in terms of its impact on the environment
  35. and that's why in a place like Madagascar,
  36. it's really the only solution.
  37. We decided to kind of divide our efforts in farming
  38. into two categories.
  39. One, we want to address the famine malnutrition problem in Madagascar.
  40. We chose one cricket.
  41. It's called "Gryllus madagascariensis,"
  42. and we're actually now farming it.
  43. We named it Valala Farms.
  44. We are taking them and actually using them
  45. as part of a family kind of meal package
  46. that's distributed in the famine areas
  47. in the southwest of Madagascar.
  48. Second, we wanted to find a solution for villages
  49. where they would be growing their own protein source
  50. that was so delicious that everybody would want to eat it.
  51. See, people are killing lemurs to eat them.
  52. So we're now growing a tasty little bacon insect
  53. called the fulgorid-- in Malagasy, sekundry--
  54. as a replacement for the bushmeat consumption of lemurs.
  55. So we are actually now farming beans to grow the sekundry,
  56. so that people will be eating this bacon delicious sekundry
  57. instead of eating the lemurs.
  58. It's the most important science.
  59. We're engaging more students now on researching edible insects
  60. than we ever did on documenting biodiversity,
  61. and those students are actually thriving in it,
  62. they're learning a great deal,
  63. because they see the direct application.
  64. How can you talk about conservation before anybody's had breakfast?
  65. And something has to be done now, we cannot wait.