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Aboriginal Australians(1)

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    Before the dreaming, the Australian continent was a flat featureless place, devoid of life.
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    Then giant beings came down from the sky,
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    came from across the sea and emerged from within the Earth.
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    With their arrival, the dreaming began and life was born.
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    In the north of Australia, the Junkawa Sisters gave birth to humanity.
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    In central Australia, Itakawara broke the marriage laws
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    and as punishment, was turned into stone forever, entombed in the landscape.
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    On the east coast, Baiame shaped the landscape
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    and when his work was complete,
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    he stepped on to a mountain and back into the sky.
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    As they moved across the land,
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    their giant bodies shaped the Earth,
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    creating rivers and mountain ranges.
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    In everything they touched, they left their essence
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    making the landscape sacred to those who honour the dreaming.
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    The first Australians.
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    If you think about the ancient civilizations that Europeans look to
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    such as the dynasties of the Pharoahs in Egypt,
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    then even they are young compared to the period when humans were coming to Australia.
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    The first Australians numbered more than 250 tribes,
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    each with their own language, laws and territorial boundaries.
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    A civilization encompassing the entire continent.
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    We've had this debate about Australia was a terra nullius
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    and it was a wasted landscape,
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    and people hadn't used it and hadn't farmed it.
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    They have discovered that in fact, it's probably supported about 1.6 billion lives
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    and that's how productive Aboriginal people were able to make this part of the Earth
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    which has the most irregular and unreliable rainfall
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    and the driest continent on Earth.
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    80,000 years, 100,000 years,
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    it doesn't matter whether it's 60,000 years, it's an incredible length of time.
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    It's the longest living civilization Earth
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    and if you can't learn something from a people that successful,
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    then you're really defying your own intelligence.
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    Just over 200 years ago, without warning, strangers arrive.
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    They appear on the east coast at a place called Warang.
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    The strangers name it Sydney.
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    They're about to come face-to-face with the first Australians.
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    Bennelong, a young American,
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    who spends his days on the beach, will become the toast of English society.
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    Pemulroy will reject diplomacy and will declare the first war on Australian soil
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    Believing that he cannot be killed by firearms,
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    Windradyne will also become a wanted man
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    when his family is murdered over a handful of potatoes.
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    This is the story of the first Australians
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    and the events that shape the nation when the strangers came to stay.
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    It's impossible not to have hoped that there'd be some sort
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    of evolution of a society which was tolerant of difference,
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    but which sustained everyone.
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    It is a summer's night on the 25th January, 1788.
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    Eleven giant ships enter the harbour.
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    On board are over 1300 people.
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    More than half are convicts, the rest are soldiers.
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    The people on board are ordered to remain there until dawn.
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    They've traveled for nearly 8 months from England to this unknown land.
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    Around the harbour, the first Australians light fires
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    and they yell from their canoes for these apparitions to go away.
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    They thought they was the Devil when they landed first.
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    They did not know what to make of them.
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    When they saw them going up the masts,
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    they thought they was possums, Marut.
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    Gamadelpivo
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    At first light, the order is given for the convict men and women to disembark.
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    For Aboroginal people, can you imagine, suddenly there are 11 ships,
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    with these strange people wearing clothes.
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    Funny hats, they have guns.
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    What are these people up to? Why are they here?
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    How long are they going to stay?
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    Why did they come to my country? Why don't they go somewhere else?
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    Are they spirits? Very strange.
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    There's this very curious and very touching attempt to come together and to comprehend.
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    So you have extraordinary scenes within two or three days of landing of Britishers and Aborogines dancing together.
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    29 January, 1788
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    They pointed with their sticks to the boat landing place
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    and met us in the most cheerful manner.
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    Shouting and dancing, these people mixed with ours and all hands danced together.
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    William Bradley, first lieutenant.
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    And all we've got to go on are the paintings done
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    by a young naval lieutenant called Bradley.
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    And he has these enchanting paintings of redcoats
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    and aboriginal men, indeed, dancing together.
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    They're hand in hand,they seem to be dancing.
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    A sort of playground encounter, if you like,
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    when you're trying to check each other out.
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    The first Australians can't work out these first visitors are men or women
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    as their clothing covers them like a strange skin.
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    Finally, an officer is challenged to submit to the country's very first immigration procedure.
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    He has a wig, he has leotards on.
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    THey ask him to take his pants off,
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    which he declined and made a sailor do it.
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    Arthur Philip, captain of the first fleet, leads the newcomers ashore.
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    After an unremarkable career of 30 years in the navy,
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    he is dragged from retirement and appointed goverenor of a place nearly sixty times the size of England.
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    Governor Philip was in a rather unique situation when he came to Sydney,
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    because he had one of his front teeth missing
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    and it was the same tooth that was knocked out during the male initiation ceremony.
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    On my showing them that I lacked a front tooth,
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    it occasioned a general clamour, and I thought it gave me some little merit in their opinion.
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    Arthur Philip, Governor.
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    The local people would have thought here is...
Titolo:
Aboriginal Australians(1)
Descrizione:

A documentary about the 1st and indigenous people of the landmass called Australia

http://www.facebook.com/groups/266319796725385/

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Video Language:
English
Team:
Film & TV
Duration:
08:35
prodigi_fa11 edited Inglese subtitles for Aboriginal Australians(1)
Gary Nelson edited Inglese subtitles for Aboriginal Australians(1)
Gary Nelson added a translation

English subtitles

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