6. Rousseau on State of Nature and Education

6. Rousseau on State of Nature and Education

Foundations of Modern Social Thought (SOCY 151)

The general will—dangerous if taken too far—operates in many elements of our social and civic life. Immunizations that are compulsory for living in dorms serve the common good—the general will—regardless of individual will. The general will operates in society when individuals develop not only amour de soi, selfish love, but also amour propre, love of self in relation to others. Rousseau distinguished between bourgeois individuals who have amour de soi and citizens who exemplify amour propre. In addition to being a political and social thinker, Rousseau is an early and influential education theorist. In his book Emile, Rousseau argues that individuals are born good but are corrupted by society. He advocates "negative education" which aims at reducing mental errors that students may pick up in society. Negative education, Rousseau argues, is accomplished by focusing on educating students on how to think rather than training them in what to think.

00:00 - Chapter 1. General Will (cont.)
10:01 - Chapter 2. "Émile": Major Themes
19:22 - Chapter 3. Nature is Good; Society Corrupts
29:06 - Chapter 4. Turning Savages into Social Beings
36:27 - Chapter 5. Men and Women, Sexuality and Love

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses

This course was recorded in Fall 2009.

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Fundamentos da Teoria Social Moderna - Yale
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