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← Philosophisches Kopfkino - Existenz

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Showing Revision 13 created 09/02/2021 by NadjaWieser.

  1. How do we know that we are real
  2. and that we actually exist?
  3. Sure, we can look at ourselves
    in the mirror, pinch ourselves
  4. or bang our heads against the wall,
  5. But even that, could just be
    something that we imagine.
  6. However, how are we able
    to imagine something,
  7. if we don't exist?
  8. And that's how we get to the
    crux of the matter:
  9. When we question reality,
    if what we are seeing
  10. is real or not, there is always us.
  11. That isn't up for discussion.
  12. But how can we be
    certain of our existence?
  13. Precisely:
  14. To be or not be,
    that is the question here!
  15. The concept of `being' has the broadest
    definition by far,
  16. because it relates to
    everything conceivable.
  17. To our house, our boat,
    our investment advisor
  18. and, of course, ourselves!
  19. "Everything that is conceivable,"
    therefore also means:
  20. everything that "is not" isn't.
  21. And all of that combined
    is infinite!
  22. Boldly stated:
    nothing exists outside of being,
  23. as everything that exists
    is part of being.
  24. But that is only half the battle
  25. Because being isn't
    equal to existence.
  26. In the Middle Ages, "existence" was
    distinguished into that
  27. which was essential which was the
    "necessary existence".
  28. That which was essential for
    everyone and everything
  29. was the basis for everything
    that existed,
  30. and was naturally called God.
  31. There where the necessary exists,
    the unnecessary doesn't seem far away.
  32. Thus the 2nd kind of the existence
    was defined as "not necessary"...
  33. simply things which nobody needs!
  34. USB ashtrays, inflatable cell phone
    holders, breakfast egg heads,
  35. pasta in a cooking bag,
    microwave slippers.... okay.
  36. Apart from that which no one needs,
    there is also the existence
  37. of that which can be almost impossible:
  38. the "impossible existence".
  39. Does that mean that God
    is unable to create a rock
  40. that he himself cannot lift!!!
  41. Then how can something exist
    that is more powerful
  42. than the necessary existence?
  43. Kant then proposed sensuality
    and experience...
  44. his sources of understanding!
  45. Should that then mean,
  46. that things appear to exist,
    because of the way we experience them.
  47. His colleague Hegel saw it like this:
  48. The unity of essence
    and appearance,
  49. of essence and existence is reality.
  50. So, the essence must appear,
    then the being is essence
  51. and the essence is being....
    Uh…Wait a moment
  52. So, to summarise:
  53. the essence of being
    is essential being.
  54. Plain and simple, the existence.
  55. Kierkegaard saw it differently yet again
    and thus
  56. became the founder of the
    philosophy of existence:
  57. "Being itself, to which the mode of being
    can behave in a particular way
  58. and always behaves in one way or another,
    we call existence".
  59. By this he means that this existence
    is quite sufficient.
  60. It relates only to itself and
    not to a great absolute.
  61. I am myself and I am responsible
    for getting along with my own self.
  62. What else is …., I don't care!
  63. So much to existence.
  64. And to not exists at all?
  65. Martin Walser once said:
  66. "Nothing is true without
    its opposite" Whoa!
  67. So, it's that simple then.