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2018 12 09 LH EN 11th 12th training of the OI br Pháp Lai

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    Good morning
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    dear Thay dear sangha, Today is the 9th,
    Sunday, the 9th of December, 2018.
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    We are in the Assembly of Stars
    meditation hall in Lower Hamlet,
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    and this is the last of the Dharma talks
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    before the end of our three month
    retreat together .
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    So I feel a special sense of
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    speaking to that.
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    Most of us have been here
    for the three month retreat together.
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    We've been
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    those of you who came
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    to Plum Village for three months
    have experienced
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    going through ups and downs.
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    And maybe,
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    some of the time you wondered,
    'Why did I come?'
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    I don't know. Excuse me.
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    It's a loud blow.
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    (Laughter)
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    Maybe you felt, 'Yeah, I'd be better off
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    in a cave somewhere'.
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    Maybe in the Pole, or somewhere,
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    in some mountain.
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    When we practice together,
    we really
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    have to meet each other,
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    and get along together.
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    If we don't get along together,
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    because we are living together 24/7,
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    it really shows up.
    It is difficult to stay calm and to enjoy.
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    So actually, a lot of the practice that
    you've been learning these three months
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    is how to live in harmony,
    how to get along.
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    How to practice loving speech,
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    but also you have to communicate
    when there is a difficulty,
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    but with loving speech.
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    How to let go
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    of your preference
    and maybe of your irritation.
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    How to see the other person
    is also suffering.
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    Maybe see that
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    try to understand them
    so you can let go of judgment.
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    And we have practices, like Beginning Anew
    that we do regularly.
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    We do that formally, we sit down
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    and practice expressing gratitude,
    noticing the good things in each other,
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    and also expressing when we have a regret
    towards each other.
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    It is very renewing practice.
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    We had - It is also,
    we call it the season of Shining Light.
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    So because we see each other,
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    we are rooming together, eating together,
    working together,
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    we see each other and we have
    something called the sangha eye.
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    Because, ourselves, if we are just
    practising alone,
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    there is a number of things that we miss
    from practising in a community.
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    One is that because
    we are not interacting,
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    things don't maybe come up
    in the same way.
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    So when we are interacting we get to see
    ourselves,
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    but also we have blind spots.
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    And so the it's very helpful for us,
    for the people we trust,
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    we open ourselves up,
    we allow ourselves to be
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    open to receiving their view about us.
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    And that view is expressed
    with all of the love and appreciation also
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    for the whole of us
    not just pointing to the difficulty.
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    So we also practice this
    in the three months retreat,
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    shining light on each other's practice,
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    in order to help the other person
    have more freedom,
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    more growth in themselves,
    and more happiness.
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    Sometimes it can be a bit scary
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    to allow ourselves
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    to have people share like that.
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    I've known people run away.
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    But when they allow themselves to
    they only experience the love.
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    I'm sure there are
    some exceptions to that.
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    Sometimes people can get hurt also,
    and then we also have compassion
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    that we are learning the practice.
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    So living together is
    a practice in itself.
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    And in a sense, it is -
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    you can say that
    learning to live together,
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    learning to get along is also the fruit
    of the practice.
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    Thay has said, brotherhood, sisterhood,
    there is no religion
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    that is higher than that.
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    So we are generating
    brotherhood and sisterhood.
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    We are going in that spirit.
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    There was a Harvard study
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    done, it was one of the longest ever
    studies, 75 years.
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    It is still going on, I think.
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    And they interview
    and get also self-information
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    from standardised groups of men
    in the States.
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    Essentially the point is that
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    they were looking to see
    what are the conditions
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    for happiness and health
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    looking right through the life.
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    And what they found was
    if you want to know
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    what makes a happy octogenarian,
    that means, if you are 80 years or over,
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    because these groups they've been
    following since they were boys,
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    and now they are in their 80's.
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    You look back when they are 50 years old,
    which is my age,
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    you can determine whether
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    the conditions that seem to be common,
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    like the ones that are happy,
    the ones that are healthy,
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    the result is only one factor.
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    It is not how much cholesterol
    in the blood,
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    it is not many things you might think,
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    but the one factor that comes out
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    is those people report that they have
    good relationships.
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    Relationships they can trust.
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    And that seems to be
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    an essential requisite for a happy life.
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    So in community,we are blessed with having
    .many deep connections to each other.
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    There is a lot of trust of each other
    in the community,
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    which allows us to be open,
    and allows us to be
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    free to express.
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    And, of course, relationships,
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    when we talk about relationships,
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    what came to my mind when I
    heard about this study is,
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    what about the relationship
    we have to ourselves?
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    Do we trust ourselves?
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    This must also be important.
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    And the relationship we have to society,
    to Mother Earth.
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    This must also count
    as a relationship.
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    And it is also clear
    we know from our experience
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    That to the extend that we are
    in a good relationship with ourselves,
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    our relationship with others goes well.
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    And when our relationship with ourselves
    is not so good,
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    we find, things seem
    to get reflected to us.
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    The sangha is like a hall of mirrors.
    We keep seeing ourselves reflected.
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    So when we have a difficult interaction,
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    it's always helpful to ask
    what is going on in me
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    that is connected with
    that difficult interaction,
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    as well as, you know,
    because there is a tendency maybe
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    to blame or put it on the other person.
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    We may see interesting things
    when we do that.
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    We may see that,
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    'Ah! This reaction I had in the meeting,
    or in this interaction,
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    brought about
    quite a strong emotion in me.
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    It seems a bit more than,
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    kind of disproportionated
    to what actually happened.
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    Why did I get so angry?
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    Why did I feel so anxious?'
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    I myself found myself in a situation
    where some anxiety and fear came,
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    and it started actually that anger.
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    I was,
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    I was feeling somehow slightly let down
    about something, and then
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    this anxiety came.
    And I ask the question to myself,
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    what does this remind me of?
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    I should ask it to my store consciousness.
    What does this remind me of?
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    I just waited for something to come,
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    and I suddenly had an image of myself
    in kindergarten.
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    A memory that I didn't have before.
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    It is not one I could remember,
    but it's suddenly a flash
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    of waiting to be picked up.
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    But my mother was late that day.
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    And there was a fear in me, I guess.
    And it was amazing how that
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    I made the connection just
    by asking that question.
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    So it allowed me to, just having
    that interaction with the other person
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    allowed me to touch something
    that needed healing.
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    And the healing is maybe a continuous
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    path of healing that we are on.
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    We are not going to heal
    everything overnight,
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    or with one insight.
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    But we, each time we have a small healing,
    we get more energy and more confidence.
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    And we feel, wow!
    Okay, this is a good path.
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    And actually,
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    just understanding ourselves,
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    understanding that this is
    where it is coming from,
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    in a sense it can help so much
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    knowing that we have a practice
    that also embraces
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    ourselves in that moment,
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    embraces maybe the little boy,
    the little girl in us,
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    when we see that coming up,
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    we recognize that there is
    some suffering there relating to that age
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    when we were very young,
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    we have the opportunity to embrace,
    to smile and with our solidity,
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    that we generate through the practice,
    we can breathe with that emotion.
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    So knowing we have a path,
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    we have a lot of kind of
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    we have happiness and we have
    a sense that the suffering
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    doesn't need to be so much now,
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    because the biggest suffering
    is not having a way, having a path.
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    So we have a lot of gratitude also
    for having the practice.
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    Even before we've applied it, but when
    we apply it, and we get the experience,
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    every time we are so grateful.
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    I also had an opportunity in this winter,
    this three month retreat,
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    we don't call it the winter retreat now
    because for the very first time
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    is more the autumn period. I also had
    an experience this three month retreat
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    of connecting with my 14 year old in me.
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    And, yeah. At that time
    when he felt very isolated
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    and not enjoying school,
    and feeling
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    pretty in a bit of a hostile environment
    he found.
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    And I knew, I know about this time, and I
    know t somehow shows up in my interactions
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    but I took sometime to try to talk
    with the boy. And he showed up.
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    And I, he said,
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    he asked, I asked, 'Would you like
    to spend time with me?
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    Now I'm an adult'. And he said,
    'You are too busy'.
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    (Laughter)
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    'You got too many things going on.
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    And I cause you
    all sorts of problems anyway,
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    so I don't want to cause you
    any more problems.
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    I don't want to take up your time.'
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    It was very fascinating
    to hear this response.
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    And actually, it gave me quite
    some insight into myself.
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    Because, of course, that is part of me.
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    So I share that because
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    it is part of our journey
    that we are on to
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    heal all the parts of ourselves.
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    Inside as well as outside.
    Inside we also have a kind of sangha.
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    Different voices.
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    And we also need to bring harmony to
    those different voices inside ourselves.
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    But when I was deciding to become a monk,
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    I remember
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    the Dharma teacher
    from the UK Martin Pitt,
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    he gave me that advice, he said,
    'In making the decision,
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    check with your internal sangha, and
    make sure everybody -'
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    So it's a real sangha, a real decision.
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    Because there are
    these many voices in you.
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    Some other voices of doubt,
    I had to say, 'Please, I hear you, but
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    we've touched something deeper
    than doubt at this moment',
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    and the doubt had to agree.
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    The Christians say, the doubting Thomas.
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    So,
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    isn't a fascinating journey, isn't it?
    The spiritual path.
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    And we do it together.
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    And somehow, being together as a community
    brings so much joy and insight,
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    it is so rich.
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    Some others are going away,
    going back to the real world.
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    I always find slightly ironic
    to use that term,
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    because it seems like out
    in the real world
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    is where people are busy, very busy,
    running away from reality.
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    Whereas the idea here in Plum Village
    is we touch reality
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    within us and in nature.
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    But we go back out, and
    we want to maintain our practice.
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    One of the things we need to draw on is
    the connections we made here,
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    to keep them in our heart, and know
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    when we think we are isolated,
    and all around out there,
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    remember that is not true.
    Because the connections we make
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    that are real,
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    they are not subject to dissolving simply
    because we are in a different place,
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    they are non local.
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    So we always remember
    the sangha has our back.
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    They are behind us.
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    People visualize it in different ways.
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    Connected with the Harvard study
    I mentioned,
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    loneliness is the biggest killer. That is
    a medical fact, that loneliness kills.
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    And we are so blessed that we don't -
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    We have so many conditions
    to not be lonely
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    through the practice of
    being there for ourselves,
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    and learning how to be there with
    other people and the connections we make.
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    The relationships we make.
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    Because even you can be in a relationship,
    you can be in a family,
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    you can be with many people,
    but, as the 14 year old boy,
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    in a boarding school,
    lots and lots of people.
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    They are not dissimilar to Plum Village's.
    Living in a dormitory,
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    sharing rooms. But I felt isolated
    and lonely at that particular time.
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    So it's not exactly
    that you are next to people
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    that you don't feel lonely.
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    It can also be that you can feel lonely
    even in Plum Village.
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    Again, if you
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    somehow are not in good relationship
    with what is going on in you.
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    And in those cases, where
    that is happening in Plum Village,
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    the encouragement is to stay.
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    And you may feel
    you don't have
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    your smile anymore.
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    I'll always remember reading
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    Thay saying,
    'The dandelion keeps your smile.'
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    You know, the flower you see all alone,
    it has your smile for you.
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    And like so in the sangha we can feel
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    not doing well, but we should try
    to become aware
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    that there is a lot of love
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    and care. People are giving us space,
    but they care.
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    And sometimes the care comes
    in a way we don't want,
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    maybe somebody comes into our space,
    and tries to shake us up a bit.
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    And we don't want that.
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    Maybe it wasn't so skilful of them.
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    But nevertheless we can recognize it
    as good intention, as care.
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    So we may have taken different themes
    for this three month period,
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    as well. I know some of the brothers in
    Upper Hamlet were studying the Anapanasati
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    for instance.
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    Some brothers were studying
    the 40 tenets of Plum Village.
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    The Manifestation Only teachings
    was one subject I was engaged with.
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    And I think many other topics.
    But them all, somehow,
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    connect to the same point
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    of how to come into relationship
    with myself, to be there,
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    and really understand what is going on
    in my body, in my mind.
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    And see my nature of interbeing.
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    And Thay has said that even just
    practising the first 4 of the Anapanasati,
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    awareness of the breath,
    awareness of the body,
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    we touch all of the other aspects,
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    because of the nature of interbeing.
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    So in connection when we are
    just aware of our body,
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    as we really realize that,
    oh, here is my body
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    and I'm really get to be in my body,
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    experiencing it with the breath,
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    I also naturally become aware
    of my feelings.
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    They are part of what is going on,
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    and there is a correspondence in the body.
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    And also mental formations,
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    perceptions and consciousness.
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    I remember,
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    yes, we'll have one sound of the bell.
    Thank you.
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    (Bell)
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    (Bell)
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    I was just reflecting
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    that one of the earliest winter retreat
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    I can recall, I can't remember
    specifically which one it was,
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    but Thay said at the very opening talk
    of the retreat,
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    'This retreat as an opportunity
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    and we should practice to be there
    for every mental formation
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    as it arises.'
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    And this was,
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    I just remember being astounded
    by the possibility of that.
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    Every mental formation that will arise,
    I will be there,
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    and embrace, and take care, and recognize.
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    And I guess that was
    a very wonderful thing to set
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    as an aim for myself.
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    To try to be there for what is going on.
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    Always being aware
    what mental formations come and go
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    and watching the impermanence of them,
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    and watching them in relation to
    what is happening in me,
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    around me.
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    And in my interactions.
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    But we sometimes get forgetful and lost,
    so just like on the cushion,
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    we recognize and
    we have to keep coming back.
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    One of the themes
    of the three month retreat
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    has been the 14 mindfulness trainings.
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    And the ones that were left to me
    to share about
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    were concerning
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    right compassion and action, it has to do
    with right livelihood, reverence for life
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    and generosity.
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    So it is 11, 12 and 13.
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    The 14 mindfulness trainings,
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    Thay wrote then in 1964.
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    And it seems to me
    they are as relevant today
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    as they could ever had been.
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    They were written
    in the time of the Vietnam War.
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    And they have been revised.
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    So we try to make them more and more
    relevant and skilful, appropriate
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    to our time and with the insight
    that we have.
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    Ethics
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    is a big subject, and in a sense,
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    the trainings, be they
    the 5 mindfulness trainings or the 14,
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    they are a contribution to what we hope
    is a good contributions to a global ethic.
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    And they don't need to be
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    religious or include Buddhist -
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    Kind of, things specific to Buddhism.
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    They can be put into the language that
    is for anybody can feel comfortable with.
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    But hopefully, they are universal.
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    They speak to the universal.
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    And they are about
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    they are about love,
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    they are about the actions
    and interactions
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    that come about when we are
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    coming from a place of true love.
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    True love we know
    has a number of ingredients.
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    True love has brotherhood and sisterhood,
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    kindness in it, loving kindness.
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    It has that friendship element.
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    Spiritual friendship,
    being there for each other.
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    True love also has compassion.
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    We really can have empathy
    for the other person,
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    but we don't get overwhelmed
    by the suffering,
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    so we can truly be there.
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    Even when somebody is suffering,
    we can maintain our stability
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    and be there for that person
    and help them.
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    True love also has joy.
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    Without joy, we can () so ().
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    Joy is something very important.
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    And it arises
    from unusual places sometimes.
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    Sometimes it is the joy that comes
    when we are able to
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    be there with our suffering in such a way
    that we think, oh!
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    This is a kind of joy,
    because I get to be with -
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    I'm in the most important place,
    where I need to be.
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    And there is a sort of
    underlying joy to that,
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    even though you are maybe
    experiencing the suffering.
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    So I'm using that example to show
    joy doesn't always show up,
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    it's not always what we think
    in terms of excitement, joy,
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    although expressions of joy and smiles
    is also
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    very good.
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    I said to a brother before I came
    to the talk this morning,
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    'I need to have a laugh before I go.'
    I need to generate that joyful energy.
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    Sometimes we need to -
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    Sometimes I think of something funny
    just to generate that joy.
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    But the real joy coming from friendship,
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    from insight,
    from our mindfulness practice,
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    that is a very deep kind of joy.
    And we need that.
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    And then there is inclusiveness.
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    We include all that is in us and
    we take care of what is going on,
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    but we don't set up
    an internal battle field.
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    So even we see part of ourselves
    is seemingly
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    causing us suffering, maybe
    doing something which brings us -
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    makes us feel ashamed,
    or it is a bad habit,
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    or we've spoken to somebody in a bad way,
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    we somehow have to still have compassion
    for that part of us too, and say,
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    Okay, I accept.
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    I accept everything that is there,
    I love and accept myself just as I am.
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    I know that there are
    causes and conditions
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    for why it is like this right now.
    Maybe I'm frustrated with myself.
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    I also accept my frustration with myself.
    Okay, I'm frustrated with myself.
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    So whatever is there, you say, Okay,
    I get it. If you are there,
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    you are there for a reason.
    And I accept you.
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    It doesn't mean we have to be
    again overwhelmed, or pushed,
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    but we accept and we smile to that.
    An d we try to generate stability
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    so we can be with that part of ourselves
    without being carried away.
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    And so too with our relationships
    with other people,
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    and when we get frustrated and upset
    with other people,
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    to have this capacity to include and
    to stay with, to be there for each other.
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    And there is
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    in the Discourse on Love, we are invited
    to extend our love to all beings
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    across the entire cosmos.
    It's very grand.
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    A new chant that Thay Phap Linh
    has been doing with a group of us
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    is on the CD, a new chanting CD.
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    I'm very embarrassed with the video
    they made to go with that, by the way.
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    I don't know if anybody saw it, but
    I got very self-conscious seeing myself,
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    To look like very, very sincere.
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    Anyway, on this chant,
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    there is the line,
    'showing love and concern for
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    as for our very own family'.
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    So bringing that spirit of
    being concerned for
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    anybody we meet
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    as if they were our own family.
    That is the spirit.
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    And it's not totally beyond our capacity.
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    We know when we are in a good place
    we can have that openness of heart.
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    There is a quote I heard about
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    a husband whose wife came back
    after being on a Buddhist retreat.
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    And the husband was asked, 'Sorry,
    have you seen any change in your wife
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    since she came back? - Yes, she is in love
    with the whole universe,
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    but nobody in particular.'
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    (Laughter)
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    And I think that ment
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    we have to be careful to just be
    in this place of thinking about
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    the grand love for everything, but then
    we don't actually apply it to
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    what is this relationship
    going on right now.
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    Yes, I can't deal with this one, but,
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    (Laughter)
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    I love - I feel so much for
    all the suffering in the world,
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    but I can't deal with you.
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    So that is also why a sangha is important.
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    We meet the - It is where the rubber hits
    the world, hits the real, we rub it.
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    The expression is, the chopsticks we use,
    to clean chopsticks
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    you get a bunch
    and you rub them all together,
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    rub and then clean them individually.
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    It is a good image.
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    Yes, I was going to share something.
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    I have emailed Christiana Figueres.
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    She is the lady
    that brought together 195 countries
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    for the Paris Climate Change Agreement.
    Do you remember her?
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    She has been to Plum Village
    quite a few times,
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    and she has spoken quite a few times
    to young Wake Up groups
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    that were here
    when we had a Wake Up retreats.
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    She has come with her daughter.
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    And she loves Plum Village.
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    But when she was doing the work,
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    I emailed her to just check
    if she was Okay that I share this story.
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    Because when she was
    in the middle of her work
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    of bringing together these countries
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    for the Paris, they call it,
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    is it COP 21? Yes.
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    COP 24 is going on right now in Poland.
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    So it is a momentous thing
    that she achieved, and it sets,
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    gave everybody quite a sense of Okay,
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    at least these countries coming together,
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    there is a certain sangha harmony
    in the world to take climate change
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    as an issue to really do something.
    And it was a great start that was -
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    In all of the other previous times,
    we couldn't get to the starting block.
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    So it was a wonderful thing
    she was able to achieve,
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    and she did it with Thay's teachings.
    And she practised listening.
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    She said that was the main factor
    that helped to get to that.
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    This listening to really understanding
    what was the situation,
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    what was the obstacles
    for these countries,
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    be they Saudi Arabia, China, etcetera.
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    But there was a period in that build up
    of five years leading up to
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    2015 Paris,
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    when she had a crisis,
    a personal crisis.
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    And she was in Bonn at that time,
    in Germany,
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    and she somehow, miraculously
    found out about Plum Village.
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    She knew nothing before
    about Plum Village.
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    And she knew she needed to go somewhere.
    She was very, very -
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    Yeah, in a crisis.
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    And she found the EIAB,
    our centre in Germany, it was close enough
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    and she made an emergency booking.
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    And she just went.
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    Nobody knew who she was.
    She said to us that it saved her.
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    It really saved her.
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    And that the Vietnamese sisters,
    with their kindness, that were there,
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    she was staying in the sister's place,
    they don't know what they did for me.
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    They didn't know who I was. She is a
    retreatant. What else do you need to know?
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    It's probably good sometimes
    we don't know who is here.
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    I may get scared.
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    (Laughter)
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    But it-
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    So just the simple kindness,
    and the joy,
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    was enough to support and
    get her back into a good place.
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    And the she was able to bring
    this amazing result.
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    Part of -
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    So we never know, it is part of the story.
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    We never know our simple connection
    to people, every action
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    we don't know what ripple effect
    there may be.
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    On the - On one level,
    we would just being here
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    and welcoming, and doing our thing,
    doing our practice.
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    But that can save somebody.
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    And it is just everybody,
    not just Christiana Figueres of course
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    that is important. Everybody, each person
    that comes
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    is precious that they come here
    and that we can support them.
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    And we do for them,
    we also do for ourselves.
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    Another element of love is
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    trust.
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    Really knowing that
    we are there for each other.
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    So even we do have times
    when we bicker and fall out.
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    Finally we know that
    we are there for each other.
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    That is the important thing.
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    Sometimes we can't help, we get a bit
    angry, we say the words that we regret.
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    We are not perfect.
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    And in a sense, we shouldn't
    try to be too perfect.
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    Sometimes
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    it's when you lose it a little bit
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    that you get a real conversation with
    the person that you needed to have.
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    Sometimes life is messy like that.
    It is not always going to go perfectly,
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    with a loving speech. But we have
    as the background,
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    the basic intention is loving speech
    as the support for our community.
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    Without that we fail.
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    And listening, being there for each other.
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    And reverence is the other one,
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    which is also the name of the training
    that I was given.
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    Reverence is this quality of wonder,
    this quality of awe.
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    If we are to act for Mother Earth,
    we should be in love with Mother Earth.
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    We should have that sense of connection
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    which gives us a feeling of
    wonder and respect.
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    And that is
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    something I hope we all have
    and we all experience,
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    but when we are out of connection
    with Mother Earth,
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    we may realize I need to give more time,
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    like my 14 year-old child said to me,
    'Ah! But you are too busy!'
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    If we say - Just Mother Earth says,
    'It seems you are too busy'.
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    I walked the other day, I had this sense,
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    I was walking around the lake at Son Ha,
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    and it was lovely and muddy.
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    And it was raining, and it reminded me
    of when I used to walk in Scotland,
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    it is often raining in Scotland.
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    But it is a kind of nice memory.
    And the Earth was there.
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    And it's like she said to me,
    'I'm still here!'.
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    Like if you've gotten -
    I'm still here,
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    patient. I'm here for you.
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    The question is whether we
    make ourselves available.
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    So,
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    building our connection is so important.
    With Mother Earth.
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    It is -
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    For me in Scotland,
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    I had such a great feeling sometimes
    hiking in the hills there,
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    and I would sometimes
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    really feel like, 'Oh! This is really
    a relationship,
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    this really is a non verbal thing',
    but it really felt like connection,
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    like there was a -
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    And I also experienced that in Deer Park.
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    I sometimes experience it here
    but maybe a bit less. I don't know.
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    I think it is -
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    That is also my responsibility. Because
    it is also very beautiful here.
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    But sometimes I made
    very profound connections
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    and I think it was also because
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    there was a sense of wilderness,
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    when I would be really in the wilderness.
    I could touch it.
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    That is something we need a bit more of,
    a bit more wilderness in the world.
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    Since I was born,
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    half the wild animals have disappeared
    in terms of biomass.
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    This is the World Wildlife
    Fund's statistic.
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    But it is a very sad situation
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    that we are losing our wilderness,
    we are losing our wild animals.
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    And
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    this is
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    while it is very inspiring to see this -
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    A couple that had a fairly sizeable part
    of big land in England,
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    and for 17 years they tried to do
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    the regular intensive
    agriculture and dairy on this farm.
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    But they couldn't make it a profit.
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    And then they came across this method,
    this idea,
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    this way to rewild their land
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    introducing old animals that used to roam.
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    In England there used to be
    all sorts of animals, and bisons,
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    and oryxes, and even lions
    used to be.
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    It was more like the Serengeti
    in England.
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    Or a kind of -
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    It's amazing when you study these things.
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    You find that there was lions
    in Trafalgar Square, real ones.
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    So she set about rewilding, basically
    letting Mother Nature do its thing,
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    and introducing these animals that also
    added dynamism and shaped the landscape.
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    And then there would be water features
    naturally appearing
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    and it was a very muddy ground.
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    It was beautiful to see
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    the change from intensive agriculture
    to returning to this wilderness area.
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    And now I think she runs safaris.
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    It's actually right where my mother lives,
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    so I think I'm going to take my mother
    on a safari to see this place.
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    But the regeneration of the soil
    and the land by this,
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    contributes so much back to the health
    of the country.
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    I think we need to do more of that.
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    And they actually
    do make a living from the land as well.
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    If we continue the way we are going
    with the land use,
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    in the UK they estimate there will only be
    a hundred harvests left
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    because all of the top soil
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    and all of the richness of the soil is
    being depleted by the intensive farming.
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    So this rewilding thing is becoming more
    and more understood to be a good thing.
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    So, we look at the 14 mindfulness
    trainings these three months,
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    and we see that they all inter-relate.
    We have to practise them together.
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    They inter-are. They arise
    from the insight of interbeing,
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    and when we practise them
    we practise them with that spirit.
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    When we have the awakened kind of view,
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    naturally we want to go in this direction.
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    And we practise then from
    being right in the heart of life,
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    and also being in love,
    as I was describing.
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    So they are also an expression
    of love and insight.
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    When we look at the ones
    that are concerned concerned with
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    reverence for life and generosity,
    and right livelihood,
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    we are also touching a lot of suffering.
    The damage to the environment,
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    the suffering caused by war and conflict,
    by exploitation and social injustice.
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    And it can be overwhelming
    when we touch this kind of suffering,
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    because it seems so vast.
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    And with the latest report from the
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
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    saying the next 12 years
    is very , very crucial
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    if we are to prevent catastrophic
    effects of climate change.
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    We have this - The aim is would be
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    they propose to try to keep
    the temperature from rising too much,
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    keep to 1,5 ºC above the
    preindustrial levels.
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    But the effort we need to do that,
    the transformation of society
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    going, switching all the way to renewables
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    it seems like a massive task.
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    Actually, technology-wise,
    we probably can do it.
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    I saw Elon Musk the guy
    that makes the Tesla cars saying that
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    quite easily, for instance China, because
    it has a lot of free land,
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    could meet all its energy supplies
    with solar easily, he said.
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    So I don't know, but he seems to know.
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    And I think - But when we get
    this kind of reports,
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    there is a sense of urgency
    that comes up.
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    And a sense of
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    we have to name it,
    there is fear that arises.
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    Maybe despair.
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    Because we feel like it is not possible.
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    And certainly the way the politics are,
    it doesn't feel so possible,
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    because the real problem seems to be
    that the politicians are not able to
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    take hold of the situation.
  • Not Synced
    In Poland they met, the COP24,
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    and they couldn't agree to take on
    this report and act on it.
  • Not Synced
    So if we can't rely on the politicians,
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    we have to come to a more
    regional level, perhaps.
  • Not Synced
    And more local level, even in Plum Village
    we need to go solar.
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    We need to also be the change
    that needs to happen.
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    And we already do one of the main things
    that is recommended,
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    that can make a massive difference
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    to empower us as individuals
    and communities.
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    But if it is done at societal level
    all the better,
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    that is individuals to go vegan.
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    It's being said to be the plant based diet
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    is really the biggest contribution
    we can make as individuals
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    to reducing
    the amount of emissions of CO2.
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    It turns out that the -
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    The impact of the animal industry,
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    the livestock is huge.
    And it's not really surprising
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    when you consider the numbers involved.
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    70 billion animals a year.
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    Our human population is 7.6 billion,
    but 70 billion is 10 times that.
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    And it is rising. The demand is rising.
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    So we really need to bring it
    in the other direction.
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    I don't think that the meat industry
    will disappear,
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    but without a collective awakening
    and insight
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    which needs to be global,
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    but we do our part.
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    If you are a meat eater,
    and you come to Plum Village for say,
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    10 days, it is a rough calculation,
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    you save -
Title:
2018 12 09 LH EN 11th 12th training of the OI br Pháp Lai
Description:

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Video Language:
English
Duration:
01:24:23

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