English subtitles

← What Unorthodox Teaches Us About Trauma | Netflix

Get Embed Code
10 Languages

Showing Revision 4 created 05/10/2020 by Buzbee.

  1. Not Synced
    The dictionary definition of trauma is:
  2. Not Synced
    Severe emotional shock and pain,
  3. Not Synced
    caused by an extremely
    upsetting experience.
  4. Not Synced
    There is no set way to process trauma.
  5. Not Synced
    But, in "Unorthodox," we see how
    two different communities,
  6. Not Synced
    one in Berlin, and another in
    Brooklyn,
  7. Not Synced
    cope with the tragedies
    that have shaped them.
  8. Not Synced
    And, in turn, we learn ways
    to deal with our trauma.
  9. Not Synced
    In Brooklyn, trauma forms
    19 year old Esty's,
  10. Not Synced
    and her community's,
    identity.
  11. Not Synced
    The action follows
    the secretive Satmar community
  12. Not Synced
    of Hasidic Jews.
  13. Not Synced
    Established by a rabbi
    who had fled Satu Mare,
  14. Not Synced
    in present-day Romania,
    during the Holocaust.
  15. Not Synced
    The Satmar community
    does not mix with others.
  16. Not Synced
    In "Unorthodox,"
  17. Not Synced
    at the head of the
    sex-segregated table,
  18. Not Synced
    for Pesach dinner,
  19. Not Synced
    an annual commemoration
    of the Jews who escaped slavery
  20. Not Synced
    in ancient Egypt,
  21. Not Synced
    Esty's grandfather
    gives his reasons why.
  22. Not Synced
    [Grandfather] We tell ourselves
  23. Not Synced
    the story of Passover
  24. Not Synced
    to remind us of
    our suffering.
  25. Not Synced
    [Narrator] The show celebrates
  26. Not Synced
    the strong bonds
    of family and tradition,
  27. Not Synced
    within Esty's community,
  28. Not Synced
    where religious customs
    and prayers
  29. Not Synced
    can take place safely,
  30. Not Synced
    while deadly attacks
  31. Not Synced
    on synagogues, and
    other venues frequented by Jews,
  32. Not Synced
    rise, across the world.
  33. Not Synced
    This community defies
    anti-Semitism, by living devoutly.
  34. Not Synced
    We also see, in this scene,
  35. Not Synced
    how Satmar Jews
    draw on past trauma,
  36. Not Synced
    to make members scared
    of the big, bad outside.
  37. Not Synced
    [Grandfather] When we trusted
  38. Not Synced
    our friends and neighbors,
  39. Not Synced
    God punished us.
  40. Not Synced
    When we forget who we are,
  41. Not Synced
    we invite God's wrath.
  42. Not Synced
    [Narrator] The Holocaust
  43. Not Synced
    caused PTSD in its survivors.
  44. Not Synced
    Its impact lives on.
  45. Not Synced
    As Auschwitz survivor,
    chemist, and writer,
  46. Not Synced
    Primo Levi puts it:
  47. Not Synced
    "Auschwitz is outside of us,
  48. Not Synced
    but it is all around us,
    in the air.
  49. Not Synced
    The plague has died away,
    but the infection still lingers,
  50. Not Synced
    and it would be foolish
    to deny it."
  51. Not Synced
    This generational trauma
    grows from the roots
  52. Not Synced
    of Esty's family tree,
    and shapes Esty's personal identity.
  53. Not Synced
    She is discouraged from
    exploring passions
  54. Not Synced
    that contradict
    the community's values.
  55. Not Synced
    Her piano lessons
    are so frowned upon,
  56. Not Synced
    she must take them
    in secret.
  57. Not Synced
    Her teacher,
    Vivian Dropkin,
  58. Not Synced
    is derided as 'a shiksa,'
    or non-Jew.
  59. Not Synced
    But interestingly,
    though the show never mentions it,
  60. Not Synced
    Dropkin is a secular Jew.
  61. Not Synced
    Despite her faith, her choices
    are not Jewish enough
  62. Not Synced
    for Esty's devout community.
  63. Not Synced
    Many Orthodox Jews
    believe that the way
  64. Not Synced
    to undo the trauma
    of the Holocaust,
  65. Not Synced
    is to repopulate.
  66. Not Synced
    2013 research for
    the Pew Center
  67. Not Synced
    shows that Orthodox Jews
    have a birth rate of 4.1,
  68. Not Synced
    as opposed to the U. S.
    national average of 1.8.
  69. Not Synced
    Esty totally believes
    what she's been taught to believe,
  70. Not Synced
    later insisting,
  71. Not Synced
    "We are rebuilding
    the six million lost."
  72. Not Synced
    Jews killed in the Holocaust.
  73. Not Synced
    [Grandmother] So many lost.
  74. Not Synced
    But, soon, you'll have
    children of your own.
  75. Not Synced
    [Narrator] Six million
    is no small sum.
  76. Not Synced
    So, alongside the housework
    needed to keep her home tidy,
  77. Not Synced
    and her husband, Yanky Shapiro,
  78. Not Synced
    well fed and in perfectly
    ironed suits,
  79. Not Synced
    Esty's job is to have
    as many children as possible.
  80. Not Synced
    [Woman] You will have no leverage
    in this marriage,
  81. Not Synced
    until there is a baby.
    Understand me?
  82. Not Synced
    [Narrator] She is told that sex
    will give her husband pleasure,
  83. Not Synced
    which, in turn, will give her
    exactly what she wants:
  84. Not Synced
    what she has been told she wants...
    a baby.
  85. Not Synced
    The problem with this way
    of dealing with trauma,
  86. Not Synced
    as we see it through Esty's eyes,
  87. Not Synced
    is, it creates
    a domino effect.
  88. Not Synced
    There is a field of academic study
  89. Not Synced
    called epigenetics,
  90. Not Synced
    which deals with the concept
  91. Not Synced
    of trans-generational trauma,
  92. Not Synced
    or, the idea that trauma
    can be inherited.
  93. Not Synced
    Some study suggests that DNA
  94. Not Synced
    changes in response
    to horrifying experiences,
  95. Not Synced
    and that, then, passes
    down generations.
  96. Not Synced
    Whether through epigenetics
    or not,
  97. Not Synced
    in "Unorthodox," traumatized parents
  98. Not Synced
    unintentionally traumatize
    their children.
  99. Not Synced
    Esty's grandparents are still,
    understandably,
  100. Not Synced
    bereft by the Holocaust.
  101. Not Synced
    Their son, Mordecai,
    is mentally unwell.
  102. Not Synced
    As for Leah, her trauma
    comes, mainly,
  103. Not Synced
    from not quite fitting the mold
    that's been set for her.
  104. Not Synced
    Esty is tarred by her parents' pain.
  105. Not Synced
    Now that she is a bride herself,
    she finds the rules troublesome.
  106. Not Synced
    [Mrs. Shapiro] We shouldn't have agreed
    to this marriage.
  107. Not Synced
    [Yanky Shapiro] Mommy, please!
  108. Not Synced
    [Mrs. Shapiro] The apple doesn't fall
    far from the tree.
  109. Not Synced
    [Narrator] When Esty tries
    to argue the case
  110. Not Synced
    for her to be pleasured,
    rather than traumatized in bed,
  111. Not Synced
    using scripture as evidence
    of God's will for it,
  112. Not Synced
    she is shut down.
  113. Not Synced
    [Yanky Shapiro] Women are not
    allowed to read the Talmud!
  114. Not Synced
    [Narrator] This text is for men only,
    not for women's eyes,
  115. Not Synced
    due to something known as
  116. Not Synced
    "Kavod Hatzibur," or the dignity
    of the community.
  117. Not Synced
    Esty's story shows how
    socially restrictive responses to trauma
  118. Not Synced
    often unfairly muzzle women.
  119. Not Synced
    Esty can't get away with half
    of what her cousin, Moishe, can.
  120. Not Synced
    Moishe is a thief, a liar,
    an aggressive lout,
  121. Not Synced
    with no consideration
    for others.
  122. Not Synced
    Yet, his behavior seems rooted
    In self-loathing.
  123. Not Synced
    His moral decay,
    his own trauma,
  124. Not Synced
    is catching up with him,
  125. Not Synced
    as he realizes, he has neither
  126. Not Synced
    the commitment of one community,
  127. Not Synced
    nor the tools of another.
  128. Not Synced
    [Moishe cackles laughing.]
  129. Not Synced
    [Narrator] Meanwhile, Yanky,
  130. Not Synced
    a saint next to Moishe,
  131. Not Synced
    ends up meting out trauma,
  132. Not Synced
    through his childishly ignorant
    commitment
  133. Not Synced
    to maintaining his community,
  134. Not Synced
    by any means available.
  135. Not Synced
    In Brooklyn, we see how trauma,
  136. Not Synced
    sadly, sometimes begets
    more trauma.
  137. Not Synced
    As Esty's mom puts it:
  138. Not Synced
    [Leah] So much damage
    done in Brooklyn,
  139. Not Synced
    in the name of God.
  140. Not Synced
    All the rules, all the gossip.
  141. Not Synced
    No wonder Esty can't stand it.
  142. Not Synced
    [Narrator] Berlin, meanwhile,
  143. Not Synced
    has a very different way
    of dealing with trauma.
  144. Not Synced
    [Classical music.]
  145. Not Synced
    "Unorthodox" presents
  146. Not Synced
    Adolf Hitler's former stronghold
  147. Not Synced
    as a liberal, diverse idyll,
  148. Not Synced
    where people, especially the young,
    can do
  149. Not Synced
    what they want, when they want,
    with whom they want.
  150. Not Synced
    Once the epicenter of suffering,
  151. Not Synced
    Berlin counters its past trauma
  152. Not Synced
    by celebrating joy,
  153. Not Synced
    and reclaiming some of its character
  154. Not Synced
    that the Nazis tried to extinguish.
  155. Not Synced
    This is the city
  156. Not Synced
    that once saw the Golden 1920s
    of the Weimar Republic,
  157. Not Synced
    when Marlene Dietrich
    rose to fame,
  158. Not Synced
    cabaret was popular entertainment,
  159. Not Synced
    and the Bauhaus art movement
    was founded.
  160. Not Synced
    This social liberalism
    comes across in public displays
  161. Not Synced
    of affection, that the naive
    and modest Esty is struck by.
  162. Not Synced
    She is used to a traumatic sex life,
  163. Not Synced
    that only ever happened in private,
  164. Not Synced
    yet was discussed so publicly.
  165. Not Synced
    In Berlin, the opposite is true.
  166. Not Synced
    This is because pleasure,
    rather than procreation,
  167. Not Synced
    is the goal.
  168. Not Synced
    Esty begins to realize
  169. Not Synced
    that the world is not
    as black and white
  170. Not Synced
    as she has been taught.
  171. Not Synced
    [Man] You could try to rescue
    Robert's attempt at a salad.
  172. Not Synced
    [Narrator] The city's physical spaces
  173. Not Synced
    are examples of how traumatic sites
    can be reclaimed.
  174. Not Synced
    On Esty's first excursion
    with her new friends,
  175. Not Synced
    she ventures upon what is,
  176. Not Synced
    to her community back in Brooklyn,
  177. Not Synced
    hell.
  178. Not Synced
    [Man] When the Berlin Wall was up,
  179. Not Synced
    East German guards shot anyone
  180. Not Synced
    who tried to swim across this lake
    to freedom.
  181. Not Synced
    [Esty] And now?
  182. Not Synced
    [Man] Now, you can swim
    as far as you like.
  183. Not Synced
    [Narrator] It might be
    the location of trauma,
  184. Not Synced
    but it's not the source
    of trauma.
  185. Not Synced
    Unlike the Mikvah that
    blessed Esty,
  186. Not Synced
    a secular body of water
    cannot bless, or condemn.
  187. Not Synced
    Only people can.
  188. Not Synced
    Of course, some people
    will never be able to find joy
  189. Not Synced
    in the same waters Hitler
    gazed across,
  190. Not Synced
    as he decided to end
    millions of Jews' lives.
  191. Not Synced
    But in this scene,
  192. Not Synced
    Esty has
    an opportunity to help
  193. Not Synced
    begin her new life,
    within its waters.
  194. Not Synced
    Esty removes her wig
    in this lake,
  195. Not Synced
    in a more extreme version
    of the breakup haircut.
  196. Not Synced
    While the shorn hair
    beneath it
  197. Not Synced
    is the imposition of a sect
  198. Not Synced
    that sees women's hair
    as so tempting to men
  199. Not Synced
    it must be shaved off,
  200. Not Synced
    it is also an uncanny
    and unintended reminder
  201. Not Synced
    of the ways in which
    Esty's ancestors
  202. Not Synced
    were dehumanized
    by the Nazis,
  203. Not Synced
    their heads shaved
    in the concentration camps.
  204. Not Synced
    [Esty panting.]
  205. Not Synced
    [Narrator] Without this wig,
    she can float in the water,
  206. Not Synced
    free to forget her trauma,
  207. Not Synced
    and all the rules and regulations
    that led to it.
  208. Not Synced
    The lake scene proves how
  209. Not Synced
    expression of individual freedoms
  210. Not Synced
    can pay tribute to past generations
    who were once restricted.
  211. Not Synced
    By swimming in the waters,
  212. Not Synced
    Esty and her friends
  213. Not Synced
    do what many from
    previous generations could not.
  214. Not Synced
    Joy is, for them, a far more useful
  215. Not Synced
    tool of remembrance,
    than guilt.
  216. Not Synced
    [Man] A lake is just a lake.
  217. Not Synced
    [Narrator] Esty's new friends
  218. Not Synced
    prove that trauma comes
    in many forms.