Return to Video

Smoking example - Intro to Psychology

  • 0:00 - 0:04
    Naturally, we don't like feeling uncomfortable. Therefore we're motivated to
  • 0:04 - 0:09
    try to decrease that overall level of discomfort. Remember in the lesson on
  • 0:09 - 0:13
    consciousness, I talked about drugs? And specifically I talked about all the
  • 0:13 - 0:17
    negative effects of smoking tobacco. In that lesson I asked students who were
  • 0:17 - 0:21
    smokers to consider that negative information. And I did so in a hopes to try
  • 0:21 - 0:26
    to motivate some people to quit smoking. Now what happens when you realize
  • 0:26 - 0:30
    there are negative consequences for smoking? Well, we want to decrease those
  • 0:30 - 0:34
    negative feelings that we experience. So how do we do this? Well, there are
  • 0:34 - 0:37
    three options that we can use to help to decrease the discomfort that we
  • 0:37 - 0:41
    experience. And the first is that we can change our behavior to make it more
  • 0:41 - 0:46
    consistent with our dissonant cognition. So here for example the person may try
  • 0:46 - 0:51
    to quit smoking using a nicotine patch or perhaps a self help group. The second
  • 0:51 - 0:55
    way we can do so is to try to justify our behavior. And to justify our
  • 0:55 - 0:58
    behavior, we try to make our cognitions more consistent with the behavior that
  • 0:58 - 1:03
    we're engaging in. So the person may say to themselves that smoking's not that
  • 1:03 - 1:08
    bad for me and all that research is mostly correlational. And the third way we
  • 1:08 - 1:12
    can attempt to decrease said discomfort is by adding new cognitions that are
  • 1:12 - 1:17
    consistent and support our behavior. Here the person may say, I just enjoy
  • 1:17 - 1:21
    smoking and I think it's worth it, therefore I'm not concerned about the risks.
Title:
Smoking example - Intro to Psychology
Video Language:
English
Team:
Udacity
Project:
PS001: Intro to Psychology
Duration:
01:22

English subtitles

Revisions Compare revisions