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← Language and thought - Intro to Psychology

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Showing Revision 2 created 05/25/2016 by Udacity Robot.

  1. One last thing Lauren said that we're going to discuss, is the idea of
  2. language, thought and culture together. So what happens when we learn our
  3. native language and then we're exposed to people who speak a different
  4. language? Will we be able to understand concepts that they have in their
  5. language, if we don't have those in ours? Well, the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
  6. states that language creates thought as much as thought creates language. And
  7. the idea here is that if we're speaking different languages, we don't have a
  8. common foundation. Therefore, it would be difficult to communicate and
  9. translate ideas from one language to the other. Now the linguistic
  10. determination hypothesis, suggest that our language actually determines our way
  11. of thinking and our perceptions of the world. Basically, what they're saying is
  12. that, we don't have a word for an idea or a concept in our language, it's not
  13. possible to think about that idea or that concept. Now, one very interesting
  14. example that seems to support this hypothesis comes from a small tribe of about
  15. 200 people who live in the Amazon area of Brazil. Now these individuals have no
  16. words for numbers that are higher than two. Therefore it's almost impossible
  17. for them to understand the concepts of nine and ten. And they even have
  18. difficulty with an operation 3 plus 1. Now this is not because these people are
  19. not intelligent. It is because they don't have words for numbers higher than
  20. two. Now let's go back to Lauren for a recap of this section on language.