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https:/.../Sharecropping+Slavery+By+Another+Name+Bento+PBS.mp4

  • 0:02 - 0:06
    Sharecropping is not slavery
    but it did become,
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    for an enormous population of people,
    forced labor.
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    And I think that
    splitting hairs
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    about what's slavery,
    what's involuntary servitude,
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    what's forced labor
    is a distracting exercise.
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    The reality is, millions of black people
    in remote parts of the South
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    could not leave the farms
    they were being held on.
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    If they did, they were subject
    to arrest by the sheriff
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    and, if they were arrested,
    they would then be returned
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    to the very same farms, oftentimes,
    in chains, receiving nothing.
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    That is slavery.
    That's a form of slavery.
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    But, the criminal justice system
    and the use of the courts
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    to force African-Americans
    back into labor
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    was only one element of the new kind
    of slavery that soon pervaded the South.
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    Sharecropping began, for instance,
    as a form of free labor
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    in which a farmer would go to work--
    would work a portion of the land
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    owned by another man
    in return for a share of the crop.
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    But the laws that were
    being passed by the South
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    and the threat of being arrested
    and forced into a much more terrible
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    kind of penalty in a coal mine
    or on a prison farm somewhere.
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    The threat of having that happen
    to any African-American man
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    meant that he could not defy
    the wishes of the white landowner
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    where he was working. Again and again,
    for millions of African-Americans
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    working as sharecroppers, they and
    their families were as effectively held
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    and immobilized on those farms,
    in the 1890s and into the 1900s,
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    as their grandparents had been
    held as slaves in the same places
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    before the Civil War.
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    Almost all sharecroppers were
    never able to pay back the debts
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    to the landowners on
    whose land they worked.
  • 1:51 - 1:55
    They effectively were peons, even though
    they were not called that at the time.
Title:
https:/.../Sharecropping+Slavery+By+Another+Name+Bento+PBS.mp4
Video Language:
English
Duration:
02:04

English subtitles

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