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← 05-02 Recap

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Showing Revision 1 created 07/09/2012 by Amara Bot.

  1. Let's do a quick recap of what we learned last time.
  2. Well, we talked about Aristotle and Galileo,
  3. and they each had different thoughts on how objects move when they're in free fall.
  4. Remember, Aristotle thought that the velocity of an object is proportional to its mass
  5. and that it falls with constant velocity.
  6. Galileo thought that the distance an object covers is proportional to the square time
  7. it's been falling or, in the case of the experiments, rolling.
  8. In order to distinguish between these two viewpoints, we had to do an experiment,
  9. and we found out that data is really power in physics.
  10. How did we distinguish between these two viewpoints?
  11. We did an experiment, because in the world of science evidence rules,
  12. not the ideas of brilliant thinkers.
  13. We also learned some of the equations of motion.
  14. For example, the equation which describes how far an object travels in a certain time
  15. given an initial velocity and an acceleration.
  16. So, all these together gave us the ability to predict how an object will move
  17. or to quantify its motion.
  18. The goal for this unit is to explain the cause of motion.
  19. We already know how to quantify and predict an object's motion,
  20. but we still don't know why an object is moving the way it is.
  21. To do this, we'll have to understand what it means for an object to be at rest.
  22. It seems like a straightforward concept but actually a lot to learn here.
  23. We'll also have to learn Newton's three Laws of Motion.
  24. These are the same laws of motion that you can use to send a rocket into space
  25. or put a person on the moon.
  26. We'll also be able to answer the feather problem by the end of this unit.
  27. What's the feather problem?
  28. Well, one problem with feathers is that they're very hard to draw, so I apologize,
  29. but the problem I'm referring to is that when you drop a feather,
  30. it actually does fall at more or less constant speed,
  31. which seems to align with Aristotle's viewpoint.
  32. So, we need to figure out what's going on there.
  33. Finally, we'll learn about gravity.
  34. I'll teach you how you can use your physics knowledge to lift enormous objects.
  35. Before we get started, let's go to Cambridge University in England
  36. and talk to Dr. Patricia Fara who's an expert in Isaac Newton and his book,
  37. The Principia Mathematica.
  38. [Patricia Fara] Isaac Newton symbolizes two great changes in the way
  39. that science was done, and in particular the way that physics was done.
  40. He didn't do this single-handedly.
  41. He was just one of many people who did it--particularly Galileo.
  42. There are two main reasons why his book, The Principia,
  43. The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, why it's important.