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← Fingerstyle Major Chord Scale Relations (Folk Guitar Lesson FO-104) How to play

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Showing Revision 8 created 06/05/2016 by konyv 1977.

  1. Hello, how are you doing? Justin here.
    Welcome to Major Chord Scale Relations!
  2. What we're going to be checking out in
    this lesson is the way that the C major scale
  3. in open position, relates and can
    be played along with the three major chords
  4. in the key of C, which are the
    chords C, F, and G.
  5. So first of all, we're going to have a
    look at a close up of our C major scale
  6. in open position, and then we're going to
    try to play it at the same time
  7. as the different chords.
  8. And I'm going to show you kind of what
    fingering adaptations you have to make
  9. in order to do that and
    why it might be useful.
  10. What we're eventually are going to be doing
    is playing songs where we've got
  11. the chords and the melody
    at the same time.
  12. So it's important that you see the
    relationship now between the chords
  13. of the scales, even though we're not gonna really
    develop it fully for another couple of lessons.
  14. So, let's get to a close up and have a
    look at that C major scale in the open position.
  15. I'm hoping you should be familiar with
    the notes in the C major scale.
  16. 'cause they are simply
    C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C.
  17. We're going to start with the thinnest
    string, where we've got the notes
  18. G, F, E, D, C, B, A, G, F, E, D, C,
    B, A, G, F, and E.
  19. Normally I would recommend coming back
    to a C so that you can see that.
  20. So the first thing: make (♪) sure that you
    are familiar with your C major scale in open position.
  21. Very, very important.
  22. OK, let's move straight into now looking at the C
    chord and how we could play the C major scale
  23. while we're holding down most of our chord.
  24. The first note is pretty easy because we
    can drop our little finger down there on the 3rd fret.
  25. We could play the C chord on that note,
    no worries.
  26. Now if we want to play the next note, F,
    we'd have to use our first finger to kind of
  27. lay it down a little bit. I'm just
    playing the bass note there so you can
  28. hear the relationship between the two.
  29. And I'm trying to hold as much of the
    chord down as I can, but you're gonna see
  30. as we progress down the scale that
    you can't hold the chord down all the time.
  31. But you try. So, we've got there the G, the
    note F, if we lift up our 1st finger
  32. back to that, we get the top note
    as being the E.
  33. Now, when we want the next note, D,
    little finger just drops down there over onto
  34. the 2nd string, and what's really
    important to realize now, is that when
  35. we've got a melody, say the D, we
    want that D to be the highest note.
  36. Because if we play the thinnest E string
    again, it's a nice sounding chord, but the
  37. E sounds like the melody because just
    naturally, the note that we hear as the
  38. highest note is the one that our ears
    perceive as being the melody note.
  39. So the top note you want to play there
    if we want our D melody, is the 2nd string.
  40. Then we've got... lift off little finger and we've
    got there the note C with our 1st finger already.
  41. We lift off our 1st finger and
    we've got the note B.
  42. I'm just going to stop there,
  43. so that you can see this first little bit
  44. nice and clearly. That we can play our melody,
  45. We could go back up as well,
  46. That time I shifted over with my 1st finger.
  47. So you could...
  48. you can either drop that 1st finger down.
  49. So, continuing on, we enter our first problem,
    which is getting onto this note here, the note A.
  50. I suppose it would be possible to
    drop your 2nd finger over (♪)
  51. to get the note A; but it kinda makes
    the rest of the chord hard to play
  52. and it's kinda awkward to do that. So,
    generally, when I want to play that note A
  53. I move my 1st finger off the root note,
    onto the A and then lift it off and generally,
  54. once it's off, I would put it back on the
    note C,- just kinda for good measure.
  55. You see, we've got a whole lot of
    melody going on now.
  56. And this is part of the folk-think, you know,
  57. I just wanted to do that quick little demo,
    so you can see the idea of it being used.
  58. Now, if we continue: little finger is
    going down on the 3rd fret of the 4th string
  59. ...lifting off, you do that, and then, kind of
    that's really the end. One we've got to...
  60. the end of that, there's some other
    scale notes, but they're not really gonna fit
  61. with our C chord. So as long as you can get:
  62. That would be the exercise. So strum,
    just play the scale and strum at the end.
  63. Just experiment a little bit. See how you
    can find...the notes with our C chord.
  64. And C chord is fairly easy. We've got quite
    a few little bits, where we have to kind of
  65. position, re-position our fingers. Luckily
    for us, our G chord is kinda easier.
  66. Now, hopefully you remember folk G.
    Good old folk G here, now we've got
  67. two fingers free already, I'm just using
    my 3rd finger, I'm muting the 5th string,
  68. for now, 3 open strings and then our
    little finger there on the thinnest sting.
  69. Now, because of that, we can get down
    our scale pretty easily and remember
  70. we're staying with the C major scale, right?
    This is the 5th chord in the key of C.
  71. We're not moving to G major scale. We're
    still playing C major scale. - ♪
  72. That's a great little exercise.
  73. Again:
  74. I was just mucking around again,
    with the C major scale and I was using the
  75. the folk fingerstyle sort of ideas.
  76. Now the fun part for our major chords
    comes with the F chord: - ♪
  77. Now, I'm using here the thumb-over-F
    technique, so the thumb is playing
  78. the bass note (♪); we're just using the
    mini-F. We can kinda use the barre chord
  79. but the problem with the barre chord:
    we've run out of fingers already.
  80. It's difficult to get notes off to play the
    melody parts, if all of our fingers are tied up.
  81. So, normally, if I'm doing this style,
    I'll play F chord like this.
  82. Now, again, looking at the scale, little
    finger can go on the top, to get the G,
  83. lift it off, we can get the note F, (♪)
    lift off our 1st finger, so it's not a barre anymore,
  84. and it's just playing the note C,
    the 1st finger, 1st fret, 2nd string,- ♪
  85. It's an F major7th chord of course,
    but we've got the melody,- ♪
  86. then little finger on the note D,
    1st finger on the note C,
  87. 1st finger can come off,- bit of a
    funny chord,- but we've got the melody now.
  88. This is a lovely chord by the way,
    having F and lifting off 2nd finger,- ♪
  89. Then, the last part (♪); you can kinda do it.
    But to be honest, you don't tend to use it
  90. that much, 'cause it's quite tricky on the F.
    So, generally if you can get:
  91. That would be enough for F.
    If you can deal with that. - ♪
  92. Just experiment! See, if you can play it.
    Just play the chord: ♪
  93. You'll come out with all sorts of
    super-duper cool stuff.
  94. Now, this might seem really difficult and
    I'm sure you've got quite a few questions.
  95. Unfortunately, most of the questions,
    I can't answer for you.
  96. You have to figure them out.
  97. Now, questions like: "What fingers should
    I use to play that note?" - Well, it depends on
  98. the circumstance, you know. In one chord,
    you might find that that finger's really easy,
  99. but if you're changing to a different chord,
    becomes difficult. So you have to kind of
  100. nut these things out yourself and think,
    well, if I'm gonna use that finger, maybe
  101. it's easier to do it this way. And it's what
    works for you. Because a lot of the
  102. different finger style players do things
    differently. James Taylor does all sorts of
  103. funny chord fingerings. But it works for him.
    It's great, you know! So don't feel that you
  104. have to be totally restricted to a right way,
    or a wrong way. Because I'm afraid,
  105. that there...probably there isn't one.
  106. I'm trying to give you as many guidelines
    as I can and that's kind of the point of
  107. us looking at those fingerstyle patterns
    that we've looked at before, was to kind of
  108. give you a default setting, where your
    fingers would naturally go to.
  109. But if you're trying to play a melody on
    the 4th string, one of your fingers is gonna
  110. have to come over and play the 4th string.
  111. And you probably don't wanna
    do that with your thumb. So straight away,
  112. you're kind of braking them all a little bit.
    Maybe the...you might wanna play a melody
  113. where the melody is on the same string
    and using the same finger is difficult.
  114. So, one of the other fingers might come
    over and play it. And that's fine.
  115. There's not really set ideas on this.
  116. What I'm trying to get you to do at this
    stage, is just have a basic understanding
  117. on the concept of the idea that there's
    this key of C, that we're in,
  118. and there are 3 major chords in the key of C
    which is C, F and G,
  119. and that the major scale of C fits over
    all of those chords, kind of matches up
  120. perfectly with them and that you should
    start to explore the idea that you can...
  121. might play some of the scale along with
    the chords at the same time.
  122. Tha's it! At this stage, that's all I really
    want you to get. And I want you to
  123. have a go at doing those exercises I just
    showed you, where you kinda play the chord
  124. and muck around with some of the scale tones.
  125. That's not...you know, we haven't
    finished yet, right? That's just
  126. what I want you to be able to do at this
    stage, is explore it. We're gonna go into
  127. more detail now about how we actually
    use it, when we learn how to play:
  128. "Happy Birthday".
  129. So, I'll see you for that lesson very soon,
    take care of yourselves, bye-bye!