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← Trouble 21: Land and Freedom

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Showing Revision 1 created 08/21/2019 by submedia.

  1. The world that we inhabit bears the indelible
    scars of centuries of colonial violence.
  2. The legacy of this historic violation
    lies at the root of many of today’s
  3. most intractable problems.
  4. Colonization is the military, economic,
    political and cultural subjugation
  5. of one nation by another.
  6. It is the domination of one people by another.
  7. And there are few places on earth fortunate
    enough to have escaped its reach.
  8. For thousands of years,
    land has changed hands according to
  9. the aims and whims of conquering armies.
  10. But beginning in the 15th century, the character
    and scope of this warfare shifted.
  11. Europe’s genocidal invasion and pillage
    of the so-called ‘New World’ was an apocalypse
  12. for the continents’ original inhabitants.
  13. And from the ashes of
    these ancient civilizations
  14. arose capitalism and the
    modern system of nation states.
  15. Subsequent waves of European expansion saw
    the colonization of Australia and New Zealand,
  16. along with large swathes of Africa and Asia.
  17. Some of these colonies were chosen for mass
    European settlement, while others were delegated
  18. as sources of hyper-exploited
    labour and resource extraction.
  19. Colonial borders, drawn up by foreign aristocrats
    and dignitaries, were agreed upon through
  20. diplomatic treaties and internecine wars.
  21. Many of these arbitrary lines persist to this
    day, cutting blindly across tribes and major
  22. ethnic groups, scattering peoples like the
    Kurds and Tuaregs over multiple states, and
  23. planting the seeds for bitter sectarian rivalries
    and civil wars.
  24. Successive national liberation struggles waged
    in the decades following World War II allowed
  25. much of the world to cast off the shackles
    of the old colonial arrangement.
  26. Yet in case after case, national aspirations
    for self-determination have been thwarted
  27. by the emergence of a new neo-colonial ruling
    class, whose members remain subservient to
  28. the imperial systems of global finance controlled
    by the colonial masters of yesteryear.
  29. That is not to say that older forms of colonialism
    have disappeared, or that the flames of
  30. anti-colonial revolt have died out.
  31. Over the next thirty minutes, we’ll take
    a closer look at two such sites of active
  32. settler colonialism and anti-colonial resistance:
    namely, the areas around the Great Lakes region
  33. that make up the historic homeland of the
    Six Nations of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy,
  34. and the militarily-occupied
    territories of Palestine.
  35. Along the way, we’ll talk to a number of
    individuals as they share their own experiences
  36. of navigating colonial dynamics, fighting
    for self-determination...
  37. and making a whole lot of trouble.
  38. Indians, Natives, Aboriginal... there’s
    so many different terms that people use
  39. just to address who we are.
  40. But I feel that we need to address ourselves
    the way we believe we should be addressed.
  41. And for me, I say I’m Kanienʼkehá꞉ka.
  42. I’m not Mohawk.
  43. I’m not an Indian.
  44. I’m not an aboriginal.
  45. Y’know... these are all different terms
    that have come after.
  46. These terms decolonization and anti-colonial,
    I had to google them
  47. because I don’t use those terms a lot.
  48. We have no English terms
    to use but what’s there.
  49. But in our own language
    we have all the words that we need.
  50. How to explain it to someone who doesn’t
    have the language is what gets difficult.
  51. Decolonization has become such a buzzword
    used by a variety of organizations, institutions...
  52. I mean, the federal government
    is using the word.
  53. And it certainly has been watered down in
    the context of universities and academics
  54. clinging to this buzzword.
  55. But in reality, decolonization is a very
    unsettling and disruptive force.
  56. And so when I think about what that means
    to me, and how I should relate to it as
  57. a non-Indigenous anarchist,
    I don’t have any straight-forward answers.
  58. I have some reflections.
  59. They’re always changing.
  60. Decolonization is a very large
    and complex issue for me.
  61. It involves decolonizing the way we think.
  62. The way that we’re sort of
    wired to experience reality,
  63. and the ideologies in which we’re saturated.
  64. And taking steps to rectify the wrongs
    that were done, so that we can have
  65. a just and equal society.
  66. And a rich society, a diverse society,
    and a society that benefits
  67. from the wisdom of Indigenous cultures.
  68. For Palestinians that means the Israeli occupation
    that started in 1948 should be stopped,
  69. and the Palestinian people should have
    their own rights for freedom, justice
  70. and control of themselves.
  71. Like all nations in the world.
  72. Fundamentally, the Arab world lives in the
    aftermath of the colonial project.
  73. The reason why these states are there
    is because of colonialism.
  74. The borders were drawn up not by the people
    who live there, but by Sykes-Picot.
  75. By the British and the French.
  76. There would be no Israel without colonialism.
  77. It is a western colony in the Arab world.
  78. Just like Apartheid South Africa
    was a western colony in Africa.
  79. Europe treats Israel as a European
    colony in the Middle East.
  80. So in terms of the trade agreements that give
    it preferable conditions in trading.
  81. Y’know, the arms that are
    being bought and sold.
  82. Europeans are partners in the Zionist project.
  83. And they are responsible.
  84. When the west sees Israel, they see themselves.
  85. And when the United States sees Israel,
    they certainly see themselves.
  86. It’s a state where western white people
    came in and threw the native population
  87. off the land — it’s a little baby America.
  88. Rectifying the wrongs of the colonization
    of Palestine would first of all involve the
  89. return of the Palestinian refugees and reparations
    for the suffering from being ethnically cleansed
  90. from their homeland.
  91. Palestinians, when they were forced
    to emigrate from here as refugees,
  92. there were 800,000 at that time.
  93. It will become around 8,000,000 now, after
    seventy or eighty years of occupation.
  94. When we’re talking about colonialism
    in relation to the Canadian settler-colonial state,
  95. I think it’s important to understand
    that the state is not a completed political
  96. and economic entity.
  97. In fact, the Canadian state
    is quite weak and vulnerable.
  98. What you need to understand is
    that if you look at each reservation,
  99. where we are,
    you need to poke a hole in that map.
  100. Because we’re not a part of Canada,
    and we’re not a part of the United States.
  101. The Mohawk people are a nation.
  102. The whole Haudenosaunee
    Confederacy are all nations.
  103. So what the United States and Canada wanna
    be is they wanna be a nation.
  104. They wanna be like the Mohawks and the Seneca.
  105. When they came on their ship, they brought
    that government and those ideologies with them.
  106. They didn’t start nothing new.
  107. They didn’t make up their own language.
  108. They didn’t make up their own
    government here.
  109. They copied ours and brought theirs with them.
  110. So they can’t say that
    they’re their own nation.
  111. They have no idea what it is to actually listen
    to us, and to listen to the reasons why
  112. this land is so important to us.
  113. They’ll never know.
  114. Because they don’t even want to
    hear what we have to say.
  115. To them, it’s like it’s all about money.
  116. “Who the fuck gives a shit about
    what these Indians want with the land?”
  117. This is their attitude.
  118. Y’know, it’s like
    “Oh, sit down and negotiate.”
  119. Sit down and negotiate.
  120. What negotiations?
  121. You sit down and it’s all of what they want,
    and everything that we come back with
  122. — the importance of our culture, our land don’t mean fuck all to them.
  123. It doesn’t mean a thing to them.
  124. Human history is a steady stream of
    massacres and bloodshed.
  125. But when it comes to scope and scale
    of atrocities, nothing compares to
  126. the colonization of the so-called Americas.
  127. What is now tacitly acknowledged as a genocide
    against the continents’ original inhabitants,
  128. was in fact a series of dozens, if not hundreds
    of different genocides carried out against
  129. distinct nations by Spanish, Portuguese, French
    and British armies, who were aided in this
  130. task by the copious and often deliberate spread
    of European-borne diseases.
  131. While there’s no single definitive figure,
    most historians estimate that between
  132. 50 and 112 million Indigenous people
    were killed during the invasion and settlement
  133. of the so-called Americas,
    or nearly 95% of the local population.
  134. Many nations were entirely wiped out.
  135. There’s also no recorded figure for the
    number of Africans killed during the four
  136. centuries of the transatlantic slave trade,
    but most estimates range from 14 to 60 million.
  137. This includes an estimated two million people
    that died on slave ships,
  138. only to be unceremoniously dumped into the ocean.
  139. The echoes of these crimes continue
    to reverberate to this day.
  140. In the Great Lakes region of so-called North
    America, Dutch, French and British colonizers
  141. first encountered the Haudenosaunee Confederacy,
    a powerful alliance of five indigenous nations:
  142. the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca
    – with a sixth nation, the Tuscarora,
  143. joining in 1722.
  144. These settlers were fascinated by the Haudenosaunee’s
    system of governance, which was much more
  145. sophisticated than any found
    during that time in Europe.
  146. So much so, that many of its principles eventually
    found their way into the US Constitution.
  147. Yet despite signing treaties of mutual respect
    and co-existence with the Haudenosaunee, most
  148. notably the Two-Row Wampum, or Guswhenta,
    settler populations in the territories now
  149. ruled by the American and Canadians states
    have repeatedly failed to live up to their obligations.
  150. This has been the source of sustained tensions,
    and several stand-offs that have galvanized
  151. Indigenous anti-colonial resistance
    across Turtle Island.
  152. I grew up seeing land struggles and struggles
    about land and being involved in it as a child.
  153. My mother’s family were very, very involved
    in a lot of political struggles away from
  154. the band council system.
  155. I grew up hearing stories from my aunt and
    everybody about everything that happened.
  156. Whenever I really started to get passionate
    about everything, I was like 16.
  157. But, I got pregnant so that’s
    what put that off to the side.
  158. Ten years down the road, I’m in a place
    in my life when I can actually do something
  159. and that’s what brought me together with
    some like-minded people.
  160. We’re not following band council, we’re not
    following Canada, and we’re not following Quebec.
  161. We’re following our own rights as
    indigenous people, as native people,
  162. as Kanienʼkehá꞉ka people.
  163. We don’t all agree on everything, but at
    the same time we bring our strengths together.
  164. And we’re taking back our land.
  165. The mayor of Oka came and brought this proposal
    and said they wanna expand the golf course
  166. into the pine forest where right at the line
    of where the golf club ends and the pine forest
  167. begins, we have a graveyard there of graves
    that have been there for hundreds of years.
  168. And the pine forest is like, thousands of
    years old, I mean the pines are huge.
  169. The native people in Kanehsatake said “No.
  170. You’re not building a golf course and tearing
    up our graveyard and cutting down all the pines."
  171. The answer was no immediately.
  172. And that’s what sparked everything.
  173. I didn’t go to the meetings in the beginning
    but by May, I jumped in a car with a bunch
  174. of ladies and we all took off
    and went to Kanehsatake.
  175. In my early twenties I was trying to give
    my son at the time who was just only like
  176. 2-3 years old a better example
    of what a role-model that I could be.
  177. That time came to stand there and say “I’m
    gonna be part of this because now I’m a
  178. woman, I’m not a child
    where my mother had to just bring me.”
  179. We can’t stop fighting for this because
    land is like, one of the most important things
  180. to native people.
  181. How do you practice a culture
    when you don’t have a land base?
  182. How do your survive a culture
    when you don’t have a land base?
  183. This is what we used to teach
    our children and our people.
  184. It was just a regular day.
  185. It was like really early in the morning,
    people weren’t even really awake yet.
  186. There was a few people puttering around or
    whatever you know, either fixing a fire or
  187. making coffee or doing something you know
    not everyone was awake at the time.
  188. And then, all I remember the women telling
    me is that they just heard cars and car doors
  189. and then they looked up towards the highway,
    because they were in the pines,
  190. and they looked up towards the highway.
  191. It was just SQ cars.
  192. Just kept pulling up,
    pulling up, pulling up, pulling up.
  193. And then they just started getting out of
    the cars fully dressed with all their bulletproof
  194. vests and their assault rifles.
  195. The women just looked and they were like
    “what the fuck is going on?”
  196. And then they just decided to run to the front
    and they all locked arms and they stood across
  197. the dirt road that came into the pines, and
    the police were telling them “you have to
  198. get out, you have to leave.”
  199. And they said “we’re not leaving.
  200. We’re not going anywhere.
  201. We’re staying right here, this is our land
    we’re not leaving.”
  202. And of course they didn’t listen to them
    you know, they just started throwing tear
  203. gas and I think that’s
    when all hell broke loose.
  204. Reporter: I don’t know
    if you can hear any of that.
  205. News Anchor: Yes.
  206. It sounds like shots.
  207. Reporter: Uhh they launched, I don’t know,
    about half a dozen or a dozen canisters of tear gas.
  208. There’s smoke.
  209. Anchor: Ivan, as much as you can see
    are the warriors pulling back now?
  210. Reporter: Oh, uhm, everybody was.
  211. I mean we’re cars, we’re moving tents,
    we’re moving people.
  212. Uh reporters are-
  213. News Anchor: Are those shots?
  214. Ivan?
  215. Hello?
  216. It was a bloody day at the Mohawk Indian
    community in Oka, Quebec near Montreal.
  217. Provincial police in riot gear stormed the
    barricades the Mohawks had set up.
  218. There were clouds of tear gas,
    a hail of bullets,
  219. and in the midst of the battle
    a policeman was killed.
  220. For us as Ongwehonweh, or native people that
    have already been here.
  221. We have a culture, we have a way of life,
    and we have a connection.
  222. And all of that is a combination of what we
    stand for and how we stand up for our beliefs.
  223. And going as far as having a physical confrontation
    with police forces, Swat teams, Army,
  224. we’ve done it.
    And succeeded.
  225. You got other people trying to say there’s
    no place for the warriors or no place for
  226. weapons and we’re all peaceful forever.
  227. That’s not how it’s supposed to be.
  228. We’re not here to kill people.
  229. We’re here to protect our land, we’re
    here to protect ourselves and that’s always,
  230. always the goal.
  231. If it comes to those extreme cases like in
    1990, of course people are gonna have weapons.
  232. But the weapons are not to be used.
  233. This is our understanding that
    we have in our culture.
  234. We’re not there to hurt, we’re not there
    to kill anybody.
  235. In my belief, I’m traditional,
    and that’s all there is to it.
  236. But, what comes with being traditional?
  237. It comes with the political aspects and it
    comes with the ceremonial aspects
  238. so we have to take care of both.
  239. Practising sovereignty
    is not holding a band card.
  240. It doesn’t mean anything, it means that
    you have a number form the government to say
  241. that you’re registered
    and you’re on their list.
  242. Practising sovereignty is practising your
    culture, your beliefs and you’re standing
  243. up for what you believe in.
  244. There are few geopolitical conflicts more
    intractable than the decades-long struggle
  245. for the establishment of a Palestinian homeland
    in the areas claimed by the Israeli state.
  246. The fertile lands between the Jordan River
    and the Mediterranean, have been fought over
  247. for thousands of years.
  248. Their capital, Jerusalem, is considered holy
    by all three Abrahamic religions
  249. – Islam, Christianity and Judaism.
  250. Zionism, an ideological movement based around
    the imagined return of Jews to their biblical
  251. homeland, Israel, began to
    pick up steam in the early 20th century.
  252. It was seen at the time as a potential solution
    to the centuries of anti-semitic persecution
  253. the Jewish people had faced
    at the hands of European Christians.
  254. Following the horrors of the Holocaust, in
    which two-thirds of European Jews were killed,
  255. support within the colonial ruling classes
    swung behind the establishment
  256. of a Jewish homeland.
  257. But rather than establish it within the restructured
    borders of Europe, the Zionist movement was
  258. granted a sliver of the Arab World, in an
    area the Ancient Greeks referred to as Palestina.
  259. Since then, the Israeli state has methodically
    expanded its borders, while tightening restrictions
  260. on its internal Arab population.
  261. Under the unquestioned protection of the Trump
    regime, they have largely abandoned any pretense
  262. of seeking a lasting peace with their Palestinian
    neighbours, seeking instead to increase the
  263. pace of settlement construction in
    the territories they occupied in 1967.
  264. But Palestinians displaced during the Nakba
    of 1948 have never given up their dreams of
  265. returning to their homeland.
  266. And the brave resistance of
    the Palestinian people to Israeli occupation
  267. is famous all around the world.
  268. I was born in Tel Aviv a long time ago.
  269. Growing up,
    initially I bought everything that I was told.
  270. That we, the Jewish people,
    were constant victims.
  271. We’d never harmed anyone.
  272. But then, as I was getting close to the age
    where every Israeli is supposed to go to the
  273. army – every Jewish Israeli – I started
    hearing about things that were happening.
  274. And it... uhhh... yeah it was incredibly painful.
  275. It really ripped up my illusions about what
    I was a part of, and what my people were doing.
  276. And I did not understand much.
  277. But I knew that people were
    fighting for their freedom.
  278. And we were killing them for it.
  279. Palestine is not just about statehood.
  280. It’s about the return of the
    Palestinians to their historic homeland,
  281. which is from the Jordan River
    to the Mediterranean.
  282. The Jewish colony in Palestine — the Jewish
    state — was created by the British,
  283. who promised the Palestinian land,
    that they had colonized, to Jews.
  284. So this colonial act, the fact that Britain
    felt that they could promise this land to
  285. whoever they wanted
    was the kind of original sin here.
  286. At the same time the British were crushing
    popular Palestinian uprisings.
  287. Between 1936 and 1939 – it’s called the
    Great Revolt – ten percent of the male population
  288. of Palestine was either exiled or killed.
  289. So by 1948, the population was depleted.
  290. So that’s how thirty percent of the population
    of Palestine, which by that time was Jewish,
  291. could overpower, and displace,
    and disenfranchise, and throw out
  292. the Palestinian people from these areas.
  293. That the security of the Israeli people will be
    reconciled with the hopes of the Palestinian people,
  294. this brave gamble that the future
    can be better than the past, must endure.
  295. It was a big mistake that the PLO
    made this foolish Oslo agreement.
  296. The Palestinian Authority, in entering into
    the Oslo Accords, effectively surrendered
  297. its right to armed struggle.
  298. And from that moment on, they’ve worked
    with the Israeli state to control and actually
  299. dampen popular resistance inside Palestine.
  300. They took the role of local affairs.
  301. All the main issues – the borders, the independent
    state, the settlements, Jerusalem, water even...
  302. energy – and sixty percent of the lands
    stayed in the hands of the Israeli occupation.
  303. Nothing changed.
  304. There is no legal system in
    the Palestinian Authority.
  305. The security forces here – which have different
    names, different factions, different brigades
  306. — they just... without any kind of law,
    they arrest people.
  307. The Israelis?
  308. There’s a system... not a real system,
    but a military system.
  309. They charge the Palestinians
    for any reason, a long time.
  310. As long as the Palestinian Authority arrests
    whoever Israel tells them to arrest,
  311. shares intelligence, proves its worth
    ... it’s allowed to exist.
  312. If the role of the Palestinian Authority becomes
    like this, only taking the dirty work from
  313. the occupation,
    it becomes a very corrupted authority.
  314. Thousands of demonstrators advanced on the
    border fence that separates Gaza from Israel.
  315. The Israeli military accused some
    in the crowd of being terrorists.
  316. Soldiers opened fire, killing more than fifty
    Palestinians, including eight children.
  317. The Great March of Return is a popular act
    of resistance that’s organized by
  318. a large swathe of actors within Gaza.
  319. It is popular resistance, and it has been
    slightly misrepresented as somehow being created
  320. by Hamas, which it was not.
  321. Many of the protesters that go out every week
    are not members of Hamas.
  322. The people killed are from all political parties,
    and many are not affiliated with a political party.
  323. Y’know, not to mention the number of children
    who have been murdered that are not, obviously,
  324. politically affiliated.
  325. People go to protest because the situation
    is unbearable.
  326. And they do it even when
    they’re told not to.
  327. Because they see no other option.
  328. There is no other option of
    a life with dignity right now in Gaza.
  329. So it’s accepting a life without dignity,
    or trying to fight for a different life.
  330. These decentralized, but coordinated actions
    go back to the First Intifada, which is why
  331. the First Intifada was so special.
  332. This moment of popular resistance.
  333. A groundswell of resistance from all sectors
    of Palestinian society.
  334. Regardless of class, gender
    ... everyone was involved.
  335. The Second Intifada started, after a few months,
    to become an armed resistance.
  336. But they discovered that it
    cannot lead to anything.
  337. Even Hamas, which is dependent on military
    resistance, or armed resistance,
  338. found that in order to continue
    their control, their position,
  339. they need to depend on popular resistance.
  340. So the First Intifada is the big example for
    the coming future for the Palestinian community.
  341. In the West Bank, I think the situation is
    going to be the Third Intifada.
  342. And this situation will not remain
    as it is for a long time.
  343. There’s this continuity of Palestinians
    resisting occupation since 1948.
  344. Twenty percent of Israeli citizens are Palestinian.
  345. Obviously Palestinians live in the West Bank,
    Jerusalem – which is their capital –
  346. and Gaza.
  347. And then there are Palestinians living in
    refugee camps throughout the Arab world.
  348. And of course the global diaspora.
  349. This is one people.
  350. The Palestinians are one people.
  351. The Palestinians know that.
  352. The Palestinian Revolution
    is there to break the status quo.
  353. And the status quo won’t crush them.
  354. Anarchists have a mixed history
    when it comes to anti-colonial struggle.
  355. We are generally critical of nationalism,
    seeing it as an ideology that allows for the
  356. papering over of other contradictions
    within a given society.
  357. According to this line of thought, buried
    within the national aspirations that animate
  358. anti-colonial struggle, are the seeds for
    the reproduction of oppressive hierarchies,
  359. and ultimately a new state.
  360. That said, this criticism has, unsurprisingly,
    been markedly less common among non-European
  361. anarchists with first-hand
    experience of national oppression.
  362. From the famous Indian
    revolutionary Bhagat Singh,
  363. to the Cuban revolutionary
    Camilo Cienfuegos...
  364. many prominent anti-colonial figures have
    either identified as anarchists,
  365. or drawn inspiration from anarchist teachings.
  366. And countless other lesser-known anarchists
    have participated in struggles for national
  367. self-determination, or continue to do so today...
    from those waged by the Mapuche in Wallmapu
  368. to the Kurds of Rojava.
  369. So the international solidarity movement is
    international volunteers that come to support
  370. the Palestinian popular struggle.
  371. Yesterday there were homes under threat of
    demolition, the volunteers were in the homes
  372. with the families trying to, you know, resist
    them being removed from their homes.
  373. There are demonstrations.
  374. Areas of Hebron that are under Israeli control,
    Tel Rumeida, the children are under constant
  375. risk of attack and harassment, the volunteers
    take the kids to school and bring them back
  376. from school.
  377. I see that those activists in solidarity with
    the Palestinian people helps give us hope
  378. that we are not alone, opens the eyes of the
    world about the human rights issues and the
  379. occupation happening in Palestine.
  380. I think there's a problem with Western and
    white particular anarchists, that they're
  381. not able to distinguish identity from national
  382. Anarchists tend to say, well they're anti-national
    so why do you want to fight for a nation state?
  383. This is an incredibly facile and white way
    of looking at things.
  384. It is also arrogant.
  385. Fannon understood the importance of national
    liberation struggles as defined as national
  386. liberation struggles, because that is how
    they were confronted by settler-colonial regimes.
  387. They were controlled as Bantu, as Algerian
    Arabs, as Palestinians, as whatever.
  388. You become those identities, all our identities
    are constructed, but those are the identities
  389. in which the Palestinians are acting now.
  390. I feel it's impossible to talk about the dangers,
    right now, you know of Palestinian nationalism.
  391. Palestinians are stripped of their agency
    to determine so many aspects of their lives
  392. and their self-determination...
  393. When power shifts, and Palestinians are in
    control of their lives and of their land and
  394. of their state, uh... then maybe we can revisit
  395. But I don't feel that it's relevant to the
    current situation
  396. If you achieve your rights, justice, freedom
    and others, you can think how to deal with
  397. your neighbor.
  398. Maybe united, cooperating...
  399. I dunno.
  400. But without this solution happening, nothing.
  401. That conflict will continue.
  402. The more racist Israelis will be going, and
    the more religious or Salafist under the occupation
  403. people in the Palestinian situation.
  404. Palestine is the litmus test of a true revolutionary
    in this country.
  405. And if you're not one hundred percent on board,
    then shut the fuck up.
  406. And that goes for fucking anarchists, and
    I don't care, or any sort of leftists.
  407. Shut up and listen, and listen to the people
    on the ground, listen to the people conducting
  408. the BDS, listen to the revolutionaries in
  409. And that's the way you do it.
  410. Don't start something you can't finish.
  411. You know?
  412. Don't start trying to be something you're
    not either, so whatever you're good at, find
  413. if that's what you're passionate about and
    find a way to mix it with your talents so
  414. you're enjoying yourself because it does get
  415. You know it's emotionally exhausting and there
    comes a point where you just have to take
  416. a step back and to remember to take care of
  417. Anarchist have to be careful to nuance how
    they relate to the concept of sovereignty.
  418. It shouldn't be fixed.
  419. It needs to be a dynamic understanding of
    the ways struggle demands from non-indigenous
  420. anarchists to constantly rethink and reevaluate
    their relationship to a set of ideas and practices.
  421. Be aware of how whiteness functions in various
    spaces of struggle.
  422. You can be super down, and you can have a
    great understanding of how whiteness operates
  423. in the world, but you don't have control over
    how people react to your whiteness.
  424. So you've gotta be humble and understand that
    no matter who you are, whiteness will always
  425. be triggering for some people.
  426. So know when to step back, when to be quiet
    and know when just to walk away.
  427. It's like, the way I envision it is like two
  428. Like you have the boat here and you've got
    like all your intermingling and all your people
  429. and ideas, and over here we have our braid
    going on.
  430. And people have to realize that it's not just
    one straight and narrow path that everyone
  431. has to take, there's a weaving going on and
    we're all connected one way or another.
  432. You have to get away from colonialism's way
    of thinking and you have to start thinking
  433. on your own.
  434. The main intention is not yourself as the
  435. The main intention for this to work is the
    priority of the other generations coming,
  436. that we keep this equality and peaceful practices
    going for them, not just for me.
  437. Capitalism continues to fuel the aggressive
    extractive projects snaking across the continent.
  438. Anarchists fighting against exploitative processes
    of capitalism should think about how important
  439. it is to link their struggle to anti-colonial
  440. And for many, I think this means rethinking
    post-revolutionary ideas of industrial societies.
  441. You have to go back to the beginning, to the
    Royal Proclamation, if we're going to get
  442. rid of Canada, that's what it comes down to.
  443. Because if they're not upholding their agreements
    then they need to leave.
  444. That government system, I'm not saying all
    non-native people have to leave, but that
  445. political structure and that government system
    need to go.
  446. The Zionist State, Israel, would have to be
    dismantled and a new system based on equality,
  447. equal rights would have to be created.
  448. One in which we could all live together as
  449. And I believe that, I mean, I know how wonderful
    that can be because my life is an example
  450. of that.
  451. So I'm really looking forward for that day,
    for the refugees to return, the prisoners
  452. to be freed and the occupation to end and
    apartheid to be dismantled, where I can meet
  453. my friends from Gaza on the beach of Haifa, and have a cappuccino
  454. We have a date for that day. So, we're looking forward to it.
  455. There are few struggles with higher stakes
    than those waged by Indigenous peoples against
  456. their colonial occupiers.
  457. This is because the assertion of collective
    self-determination that they represent is
  458. a direct attack on the legitimacy of the dominant
    colonial power structure.
  459. For states, they are therefore existential
    threats... and tend to be treated as such.
  460. The intense level of conflict that often result
    from these clashes can in turn rupture the
  461. illusion of social peace.
  462. This poses opportunities for revolutionaries,
    but also considerable risks.
  463. It draws clear battle lines, allowing states
    to mobilize their own national identities,
  464. in order to allow for the intensification
    of repression.
  465. Non-indigenous anarchists must be well aware
    of these dynamics, both in order to anticipate
  466. and help combat nationalist reaction, and
    to be able to act in complicity with all those
  467. who take up determined struggle against our
    mutual enemies within the ruling class.
  468. So at this point, we’d like to remind you
    that Trouble is intended to be watched in
  469. groups, and to be used as a resource to promote
    discussion and collective organizing.
  470. Are you interested in getting more involved
    with Indigenous solidarity work in your area,
  471. or starting a group to provide sustained material
    support to folks on the ground in Palestine?
  472. Consider getting together with some comrades,
    organizing a screening of this film, and discussing
  473. where to get started.
  474. Interested in running regular screenings of
    Trouble at your campus, infoshop, community
  475. center, or even just at home with friends?
  476. Become a Trouble-Maker!
  477. For 10 bucks a month, we’ll hook you up
    with an advanced copy of the show, and a screening
  478. kit featuring additional resources and some
    questions you can use to get a discussion
  479. going.
  480. If you can’t afford to support us financially,
    no worries!
  481. You can stream and/or download all our content
    for free off our website:
  482. If you’ve got any suggestions for show topics,
    or just want to get in touch, drop us a line
  483. at
  484. Just a reminder that we’re still in the
    middle of our 2019 fundraiser.
  485. Thanks to everyone who’s chipped in so far...
    with your help, we’re now more than half-way
  486. to our goal of raising two thousand dollars
    in monthly donations.
  487. If you haven’t donated yet, but you like
    what we do and want to see more of it, please
  488. go to and sign up to be a
    monthly sustainer for as little as $2 per
  489. month.
  490. This episode would not have been possible
    without the generous support of Chelsea, Whitney,
  491. B, Mos'ab and the good folks at the International
    Solidarity Movement.
  492. Stay tuned next month for Trouble 22, as we
    take a closer look at the rising tide of xenophobic
  493. anti-migrant hysteria sweeping the so-called
    United States...
  494. ...they want all the rights and privileges
    of being United Sates citizens and they don't
  495. have those rights and privileges, they're
    here illegally.
  496. ...and what people are doing to fight back.
  497. Now get out there…. and make some trouble!