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← From the football field to life | Paulo Cesar Fonseca do Nascimento Tinga | TEDxLaçadorSalon

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Showing Revision 130 created 05/09/2019 by Leonardo Silva.

  1. Good morning.

  2. I'll try to tell you what I think,
  3. what I believe led me
    to be here this morning
  4. speaking to you at TEDx,
  5. which is of great importance
    to the whole world.
  6. On a February night in 2014,
  7. in Peru, in a small city,
  8. in a football game
  9. where I was playing for Cruzeiro
    in the Libertadores Cup
  10. upon entering the field
    for the second half,
  11. every time I saw the ball
    coming towards me
  12. and I got the ball,
  13. I heard a monkey sound, and well ...
  14. This was increasing
    every minute of the game.
  15. Since we were losing the game, we were
    tuned into the tension of the match.
  16. Since it was an important match,
  17. I didn't even sense what was happening.
  18. This wasn't the first time
    that it had happened;
  19. we were getting used to it
    and were overcoming all that.
  20. There was only a little time left
    before the end of game.
  21. I was on the sideline
  22. when the match ended, and the press
    was already on the border of the field.
  23. The press came in my direction,
  24. and I was imagining that they
    would talk about the result
  25. because we had lost the game.
  26. In my head, I was ready
    with a quick response
  27. because football questions
    are normally all the same,
  28. so the answers are also all the same.
  29. (Laughter)
  30. So I had the answers ready. Easy, right?
  31. I thought that they would ask,
  32. "Why did you lose?",
    "Why didn't you score?"
  33. So I was ready with all those answers.
  34. And to my surprise -
    this was only the three to five seconds
  35. after the game was finished,
    it was very quick -
  36. the question was different than all those
    I had ever heard at the end of a game.
  37. The question was the following:
  38. they asked me what I felt
  39. or how I felt
  40. after having won so many titles,
  41. played in so many countries,
  42. to be suffering that act of racism
    or racial insult -
  43. I don't remember very well how he spoke -
  44. in a neighbor country to ours.
  45. And that question surprised me
  46. because, as I said, I assumed
    it would be the usual question.
  47. And that surprised me,
    and I was not prepared with an answer.
  48. I seized that opportunity.
  49. As I didn't have an answer,
  50. I seized the opportunity when he spoke
    of achievements and titles
  51. that I had won in my career.
  52. And I simply said
    that I would trade all my titles
  53. for racial and social equality, anyway ...
  54. That is what I said,
    but it was real quick.
  55. At the end, I went to the locker room,
  56. took a shower ...
  57. There was no cell phone reception
    in the stadium; the city was underserved.
  58. The reception was very weak
    at the hotel, too.
  59. I arrived at the hotel and it was already
    late here in Brazil, it was one o'clock.
  60. I grabbed the telephone
    and, as was my practice, I called home.
  61. When I called home, my family,
    my wife, my children,
  62. everyone was asking
    what had happened and how I was.
  63. I said, "I'm okay,
    we lost the game, right?
  64. I'm upset, but it's the way it goes.
  65. Sports are like this,
    you win, you lose ..."
  66. I thought it was about this
    that they were asking.
  67. My family said, "No, this that happened,"
    and such, and I wasn't aware of anything!
  68. There was no internet, nothing
    in the room, the situation was precarious.
  69. Then they said, "No, it's coming out
    on all the websites all over the world,
  70. the country's president talked
    about it, our president too,
  71. and various athletes across the world,
    many people are talking about this issue."
  72. I was worried because I am a guy
    that doesn't like much the media thing,
  73. I always liked to be valued only
    for my work, for my accomplishments.
  74. I don't like this thing of -
  75. So it started to frighten me.
  76. I went downstairs to talk with
    the press agent about what was happening,
  77. and when I arrived, there were
    many people in the reception area,
  78. press from all the places
    that were covering the game.
  79. I went upstairs fast, he came to my room,
    "Look, people want to talk to you."
  80. I said, "No, I have nothing to say.
  81. Tell them that I am sleeping,
    that I'm going to sleep, or something."
  82. And when I woke up the next day,
    we caught the flight, arrived in Brazil,
  83. and the thing continued, even bigger.
  84. And that frightened me because I didn't
    want to see my name spinning like that.
  85. Of course, I didn't look for that.
  86. What I did was simply
  87. give an answer like anyone
    unprepared for the issue would,
  88. but it was an answer
    that came from my heart.
  89. I think that in every battle,
    in every war, or whatever,
  90. the only solution for me is in love.
  91. So, that's what I said, that I would trade
    all my titles for equality.
  92. That was what came to my mind,
    and I seized that opportunity,
  93. And the thing started to be
    talked about more and more,
  94. and then my phone rang.
  95. It was Dinorah and Manuel,
  96. who are representatives of CUFA,
    Central Única das Favelas.
  97. We've set up a few
    football projects together,
  98. so, we were already partners
    in other activities,
  99. and we talked about -
  100. because the thing was so big -
  101. creating a campaign, a project, something,
  102. and we started to talk about names,
    about what could be done ...
  103. I remember that, out of the various
    names being considered,
  104. one was "Chutando o Racismo,"
    "Kicking Racism,"
  105. as we were talking about that,
    and the World Cup was coming up.
  106. We reached a conclusion.
  107. I thought the name should be "Chutando
    o Preconceito," "Kicking Prejudice,"
  108. and they immediately agreed
    because there was this idea,
  109. that we should talk not only
    about racism, but all types of prejudice,
  110. because I believe that when I am lecturing
    and talking about prejudice,
  111. I don't need to talk about what I suffered
    or what I am going to suffer
  112. for the color of my skin, or for my hair,
  113. just as I believe also that when we
    are talking about a disabled person,
  114. someone in a wheelchair
    or an obese person,
  115. we don't need to talk
    about what they have suffered
  116. or are going to suffer from their problem.
  117. With our eyes, we can see
    and imagine many things,
  118. and all of us have
    a little prejudice in our hearts.
  119. Both the black and the white,
    anyway, we have it.
  120. What I try to convey is that we first
    accept that we have this,
  121. and then try to evolve, to improve.
  122. And then we created the project
    "Kicking Prejudice."
  123. The project's first action
    was at Shopping Total.
  124. We did a really cool activity,
    many participated, influential people,
  125. both from football and the media.
  126. And this ended up running all over Brazil
  127. where I gave 16 lectures in 2014.
  128. I didn't give more because
    I was playing and didn't have time.
  129. Many of these lectures used
    a question-and-answer model,
  130. and what surprised me a lot
    was that each time I lectured,
  131. there were always some repeated questions,
  132. about how I overcame it,
  133. how I had the calmness
  134. to overcome or live with it and be calm.
  135. Because it wasn't the first time
    that this happened to an athlete,
  136. this has already happened many times,
    especially in Europe, it happens nonstop,
  137. and in the majority of cases,
    athletes, whether entitled or not,
  138. react to it in a different way.
  139. Many leave the football field,
    many throw their shirt,
  140. many react by cursing the fan.
  141. I believe that each one reacts in one way,
  142. and the way that I reacted was
    that I only gave a short sentence,
  143. but I think that this is what made
    a difference and an impact.
  144. So they asked this a lot, how I,
    as a person, had reacted like this.
  145. I couldn't say why I reacted in this way
  146. without talking about my life
  147. because we don't do anything
    for which we are not prepared.
  148. My preparation, my base -
  149. I always say that I had a very good base.
  150. I will explain to you about
    my family base which was very good,
  151. a base in which I was raised
    practically by my mother alone.
  152. When I was seven, my father abandoned us,
    it was just my older sister and me.
  153. A base where my mother
    left for work at 7 a.m.
  154. and came back home at 6 p.m.
  155. This is one of the things
    that I remember most,
  156. that my mother, when Friday,
    Saturday and Sunday arrived,
  157. mainly Friday and Saturday,
    as she worked at a club,
  158. there would be parties,
    dancing, at the club,
  159. so she worked extra hours.
  160. And that was an extra source of income.
  161. I remember that I liked to play football,
  162. I arrived at 6 p.m. at home
    and my mother said,
  163. "Son, don't make any noise because I have
    to go out again at 10 p.m. to work."
  164. There were three short hours that she had
    to sleep and to return to work
  165. because she worked all night.
  166. So this is the base that I have,
  167. and the memory that I have
    of childhood is a memory of work,
  168. that I arrived at home,
  169. my mother had just arrived from work
    and was already resting to work again.
  170. I woke up in the morning and she arrived
    at seven, eight o'clock in the morning,
  171. bringing something different,
  172. maybe something to eat
    that I hadn't had all week.
  173. So, in my head, I imagined
  174. that work, honesty, her discipline
    to the schedule that she kept,
  175. sleeping just a bit to then leave again,
    this brought good things.
  176. I would wake up in the morning
    and stay at the window waiting.
  177. She would come carrying bags
    and I would run to get them.
  178. I was growing up imagining that work
  179. and meeting schedules was a good thing
  180. because when I asked for sneakers
    or something, she said,
  181. "This week I will work longer
    so I can buy the sneakers."
  182. So the base that I had was of work,
    of honesty, of keeping a schedule.
  183. And these were things
    that I carried into my career,
  184. since I arrived in Grêmio, at 15.
  185. I always say that I was educated
    inside of sports,
  186. and, for this reason, I strongly encourage
    all schools that have sports, music,
  187. or whatever thing that teaches discipline
    and maintaining schedules.
  188. I ended up carrying this
    through my entire life,
  189. so I always tell people
  190. that having a schedule,
    a work schedule, was my base.
  191. Why do I say this?
  192. Because I see a lot
    of people taking a stand
  193. and, sometimes, even using as an excuse
    the fact that they had no base,
  194. that they've been raised
    only by their mother, or by their father,
  195. and that was what they lacked.
  196. I don't see this, I can say that my mother
    raised me alone with a good base,
  197. and she was working,
    practically the entire day.
  198. So truly, as we've discussed here,
    we choose our destiny,
  199. we choose what we want
    to take by example.
  200. I could very well use this as an excuse,
  201. I was raised by my mother and practically
    didn't see her, only saw her at night,
  202. and could use this as an excuse
  203. and become a person without objectives,
    without focus, without a profession.
  204. And many people say,
    "Oh, but he was lucky."
  205. I did have much luck,
  206. and every time that luck found me,
    it found me working.
  207. This was the great luck that I had.
  208. When luck came to me,
    it always found me doing something.
  209. I was always working, waiting for it.
  210. This is the luck that I have in my life,
  211. of having had my mother's example,
  212. an example of much struggle, of much work.
  213. I'd like you to know
  214. that I am proud to see,
  215. on a Saturday morning,
  216. persons of different ages and professions
  217. worried about so many issues
    that are going to be discussed here.
  218. This shows that we are capable of being
    a better country, of being better people.
  219. This encourages me because
    on a Saturday morning,
  220. although we could be doing
    many other things, we are here
  221. to listen to different stories,
    different lives.
  222. This shows that we have dedicated people,
  223. people that can change the world,
    like was said here.
  224. If each one of us changes our world,
  225. we are going to reach a higher goal,
    each one trying to change their world.
  226. And this was one of the things
    that encouraged me,
  227. each day, to not only become
    a player, but to become a person
  228. because I always thought about the day
    when I would stop playing football;
  229. I would have to deal
    with Paulo César, the person.
  230. Even with failures and successes
    because we are human, we are like that,
  231. I always seek to have a life
    that I can follow after football,
  232. with respect as a man.
  233. I believe that when we have
    a talent or do something,
  234. many times people put up with us
    because of the talent we have,
  235. but when we are men and have a discipline,
  236. people put up with us,
    in fact they respect us,
  237. they like us for our character.
  238. This is one of the things I have learned,
    and I wanted to pass on to you:
  239. through work and through honesty,
  240. we can reach our goals.
  241. I have learned in recent years
  242. the great "trickery" of the century.
  243. When I say this word, people get scared,
  244. and I don't like it either,
  245. but I have learned this,
  246. I have lived this in the
    most recent years of my career,
  247. mainly by working outside of football too,
  248. as much in the social part as other areas,
  249. that the great trickery
    of the century is honesty.
  250. This is something that seems very simple,
  251. but today, honesty is the great
    trickery of the century, in business,
  252. in day to day routine, and for people
  253. it is very difficult to have.
  254. Today everyone is thinking about
    their own advantage, where they can win,
  255. or what they will have to do to get there,
    so it is very difficult to live this.
  256. I have lived this way
    the last years of my career,
  257. and it has given me great joy.
  258. I was not supposed to do it,
    but I am going to confide in you here
  259. and say that I am going
    to stop playing in April.
  260. I am telling you firsthand.
  261. I felt the need to say this here, now.
  262. I am going to stop with great honor.
  263. (Applause)
  264. (Applause) (Cheers)
  265. Thank you.
  266. Thank you.
  267. Maybe what every player
    and every athlete dreams of
  268. is to announce this in a full stadium
    as those where I've lived my entire life,
  269. but for me, my biggest pride
  270. is to be announcing this in a room
    with so many educated people,
  271. so many trained people.
  272. My dream from when I started
  273. was to be able one day to be on a stage
  274. talking for people who truly are idols.
  275. For me a true idol is a teacher, a doctor,
  276. those that educate, those that form.
  277. For me, this is the true idol,
  278. those that save lives,
    those that care for lives.
  279. So I could do this in a packed stadium,
  280. but I have great pride
    in the fact that I can do this -
  281. I don't know how many people are here,
  282. but I know that those who are here
    are persons that truly influence lives.
  283. Thank you so much.
  284. That's how I kicked all the difficulties
    I came across in my life.
  285. I want to know how you are going to kick
  286. the difficulties
    you come across in your lives.
  287. (Applause) (Cheers)