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← Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - Intro to Psychology

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Showing Revision 2 created 05/24/2016 by Udacity Robot.

  1. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common childhood
  2. disorders in the United States. And it can continue into adolescence and
  3. adulthood. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, symptoms
  4. include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty in
  5. controlling behavior and hyperactivity. Let's look at three types of symptoms.
  6. First we have inattention. Someone who has symptoms of inattention can be
  7. easily distracted. They may miss details or forget things and they frequently
  8. switch from one behavior activity to another. They can become bored with a task
  9. after only a few minutes, unless they are doing something that they really
  10. enjoy. This means they can have trouble completing or turning in homework
  11. assignments. They often lose things needed to complete a task, and they seem to
  12. not listen when spoken to. Furthermore, they may daydream, become easily
  13. confused, and even struggle to follow directions or instructions. A child who
  14. has symptoms of hyperactivity may squirm or fidget in their seat. Someone with
  15. symptoms of hyperactivity may talk nonstop. They may run around touching and
  16. playing with everything in sight. They have trouble sitting still at dinner, at
  17. school. And thus they may get in trouble from teachers as well as parents for
  18. their hyperactivity. Now let's look at impulsivity. Symptoms of impulsivity
  19. means a person may be very impatient. They may blurt out inappropriate comments
  20. or show their emotions without restraint. And they may often act out without
  21. regard for consequences. They may have difficulty waiting for things that they
  22. want, and they may interrupt people's conversations or activities. Now as you
  23. can imagine, children experiencing a combination of these symptoms, can
  24. experience great difficulty in managing their day to day behaviors that are
  25. necessary, and needed for doing well in school, or interacting with others, and
  26. completing a daily routine. And not all attention deficit disorders will be
  27. exactly the same. You'll see some who are more inattentive rather than
  28. hyperactive, and some who are more impulsive rather than inattentive. In order
  29. to be diagnosed with ADHD, one must meet a set of diagnostic criteria. That is
  30. comprised of a number of symptoms of this disorder. And now the causes of ADHD,
  31. or Attention Deficit Hyper-activity Disorder, include a combination of genes,
  32. and environmental factors. Now for a long time, people suspected that the
  33. consumption of sugar caused ADHD. However, there's no research that's provided
  34. support for that idea.