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← What is love - Intro to Psychology

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Showing Revision 3 created 05/25/2016 by Udacity Robot.

  1. So this leads us to the question, what is love? We touch on this briefly in the
  2. lesson on language and thought, when Susan described what are emotional
  3. feelings returned. Remember she was trying to tell Sofia that she was just
  4. anxious or nervous about flying, when in fact Sophia's stomach was bothering
  5. her and she was becoming physically sick. And in that lesson Susan asked what
  6. is love and how do we describe it? One psychologist by the name of Sternberg,
  7. developed the triangular theory of love. He had an idea that love was composed
  8. of three components. They are intimacy, passion, and commitment. And various
  9. combinations of these three components explain all forms of human love. So lets
  10. take a closer look at these in a little more detail. Intimacy refers to feeling
  11. close, connected, and bonded in your loving relationships. Next we have
  12. passion. Passion refers to the drive that leads to physical attraction,
  13. romance, and, sexual experiences. And this is accompanied by the physiological
  14. changes in arousal. And finally, we have commitment. With commitment we're
  15. talking about both a decision to love someone, and the decision to commit to
  16. love for the long-term. So for different types of love, these three different
  17. components are present, but they're present in different amounts. For example,
  18. with romantic love, we see high levels of intimacy, and passion, but low levels
  19. of commitment. And here we see companionate love. Which are high levels of
  20. intimacy and commitment, but low levels of passion. And here we see fatuous
  21. love, where there's high levels of commitment and passion but low levels of
  22. intimacy. Now if you were to just have passion and no intimacy or commitment,
  23. you'd see something like lust or infatuation. And if you just had intimacy but
  24. no commitment or passion, It would just be liking someone, and if you just have
  25. commitment, but no intimacy, and no passion, this would be empty love. Now if
  26. all of these types of love were present in equal proportion, Sternberg would
  27. call this consummate love. So, as I said that any given relationship can have a
  28. combination of these three components. Some of your life-long friends you're
  29. going to feel commitment with, and intimacy. But not passion. Or your siblings
  30. and family members would be a mixture of intimacy and commitment. Whereas your
  31. romantic partners would be intimacy and passion. And for those who have all
  32. three in the same person, this would be a life-long partner. For example, a
  33. husband or wife or life partner.