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← Everything is a Remix

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Showing Revision 1 created 10/19/2017 by bvolchko.

  1. The term 'remix' originally applied
  2. to music.
  3. It rose to prominence late last
  4. century during the heyday of hip hop,
  5. the first popular music form
  6. to incorporate sampling from
  7. existing recordings.
  8. Early example:
  9. Sugarhill Gang samples the base riff
  10. from Chic's 'Good Times' in the 1979 hit
  11. "Rapper's Delight".
  12. Since then, that same baseline
  13. has been sampled dozens of times.
  14. Skip ahead to the present and anybody

  15. can remix anything - music, video, photos,
  16. whatever - and distribute it globally almost
  17. instantly. You don't need expensive tools,
  18. you don't need a distributor, you don't even
  19. need SKILLS. Remixing is a folkart - anybody
  20. can do it. Yet these techniques - collecting
  21. material, combining it, transforming it - are
  22. the same ones used at any level of creation.
  23. You could even say that everything is a remix.
  24. To explain, let's start in England in 1968.
  25. Jimmy Page recruits John Paul Jones,
  26. Robert Plant, and John Bonham to form
  27. Led Zeplin.
  28. They play extremely loud blues music that
  29. will soon be known as - wait. Let's start in Paris,
  30. in 1961.
  31. William Burroughs coins the term 'Heavy Metal'
  32. in the novel "The Soft Machine" - a book
  33. composed using the cut up technique, taking
  34. existing writing, and literally chopping it up
  35. and rearranging it. So in 1961, William Burroughs
  36. not only invents the term "heavy metal",
  37. the brand of music Zeplin and a few other groups
  38. had pioneered, he also produces an early remix.
  39. Back to Zeplin.
  40. By the mid-1970s, Led Zeplin are the biggest
  41. touring rock band in America.
  42. Yet many critics and peer label them as
  43. "Ripoffs".
  44. The case goes like this.
  45. The opening and closing sections of
  46. "Bring It On Home" are lifted from
  47. a tune by Willie Dixon entitled,
  48. not coincidentally, "Bring It On Home".
  49. "The Lemon Song" lifts numerous
  50. lyrics from Howlin' Wolf's "Killing Floor".
  51. "Black Mountainside" lifts its melody from
  52. "Blackwaterside", a traditional arranged by
  53. Bert Jansche.
  54. "Dazed and Confused" features different lyrics
  55. but is clearly an uncredited cover of the
  56. same titled song by Jake Holmes.
  57. Oddly enough, Holmes files suit
  58. over 40 years later, in 2010.
  59. And the big one, "Stairway To Heaven"
  60. pulls its opening from Spirit's "Taurus".
  61. Zeplin toured with Spirit in 1968,
  62. three years before "Stairway" was released.
  63. Zeplin clearly copied a lot of other people's
  64. material, but that alone isn't unusual.
  65. Only two things distinguish Zeplin from
  66. their peers.
  67. Most British blues groups were recording
  68. lots of covers, but unlike Zeplin,
  69. they didn't claim to have written them.
  70. Many bands knock off acts that came
  71. before them, but they tend to emulate the general
  72. sound rather than specific lyrics or melodies.
  73. So these two things: covers - performances of other
  74. people's material, and knockoffs - copies
  75. that stay within legal boundaries, these
  76. are long standing examples of legal remixing.
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    This stuff accounts for almost everything
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    the entertainment industry produces
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    and that's where we're headed in part 2.
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    Wait, one last thing.
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    In the wake of their enormous success,
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    Led Zeplin went from the copier, to the copied.
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    First in the 70s with groups like Aerosmith,
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    and Heart, and Boston, then during the 80s
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    Heavy Metal Craze, and on into the era of sampling.
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    Here's the beats from "When the Levee Breaks"
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    sampled, and remixed.
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    In Zeplin's defense, they never sued anybody.
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    Uh, hi, I'm Kirby. I made the video
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    that you just watched, "Everything Is A Remix".
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    If you enjoyed the video, please head over
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    to everythingisaremix.info and donate
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    a little money. Anything you can muster
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    would be greatly appreciated and will
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    help me dedicate time to completing the
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    remaining three episodes - it's gonna be a 4 part
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    series. The site has plenty of complementary
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    information that I think you might find interesting
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    as well, and you can also find links to songs
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    and videos and stuff from the video if you
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    happened to like them, you can go there an purchase
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    them. It's also a good way to keep up with the
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    latest of what's going on with the series.
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    Thanks for watching and I'll see you next time.
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    ♫I said a hip hop
    Hippie to the hippie
    The hip, hip a hop, and you don't stop, a rock it out
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    ♫Bubba to the bang bang boogie, boobie to the boogie
    To the rhythm of the boogie the beat