Return to Video

Economic Calculation in a Natural Law / RBE, Peter Joseph, The Zeitgeist Movement, Berlin

  • 0:01 - 0:03
    [Clapping]
  • 0:03 - 0:08
    Thank you.
  • 0:08 - 0:09
    Hello, my name is Frankie.
  • 0:09 - 0:13
    I work also with an organization called the Zeitgeist Movement as you already know.
  • 0:13 - 0:17
    And I’d like to welcome everybody right here and from far and wide,
  • 0:17 - 0:19
    everybody that [has] come,
  • 0:19 - 0:20
    thank you very much.
  • 0:20 - 0:27
    I’d like to take this opportunity to especially thank the teams of the Zeitgeist movement:
  • 0:27 - 0:29
    teams meeting, the linguistic tem, the web team,
  • 0:29 - 0:31
    the technology team, the activism team,
  • 0:31 - 0:36
    and also of course the project team that coordinated this project right here.
  • 0:36 - 0:44
    The whole German chapter did a huge great job with establishing this event right here within a month,
  • 0:44 - 0:49
    so I’d like to thank everybody personally and good to see you here.
  • 0:49 - 0:52
    I think Peter Joseph [doesn’t] need any introduction,
  • 0:52 - 0:55
    I think everybody knows right here who he is,
  • 0:55 - 0:57
    so short and precise,
  • 0:57 - 1:01
    thank you and I hand the mic over to Peter.
  • 1:01 - 1:13
    [Clapping]
  • 1:13 - 1:16
    And you can turn this mic off because I’m not going to use it.
  • 1:16 - 1:18
    (It’s off)
  • 1:18 - 1:20
    Ah, so it’s the other…hi!
  • 1:20 - 1:21
    [Laughing]
  • 1:21 - 1:23
    How’s everybody doing?
  • 1:23 - 1:24
    [General Muffled Response]
  • 1:24 - 1:27
    I really appreciate you all being here and
  • 1:27 - 1:31
    I want to thank Frankie and the Berlin team for moving so fast,
  • 1:31 - 1:34
    its really phenomenal having put on many events myself over the years,
  • 1:34 - 1:36
    it’s not an easy task.
  • 1:36 - 1:42
    And I’m always reminded when I travel these days that the Zeitgeist movement is truly a global phenomenon at this stage.
  • 1:42 - 1:43
    Right?
  • 1:43 - 1:45
    And no matter where any of us end up on the planet,
  • 1:45 - 1:55
    you don’t have to go very far to find friends who share similar values and this pursuit of a better world.
  • 1:55 - 2:00
    The title of this talk is “Economic Calculation in a Natural Law / Resource-Based Economy.”
  • 2:00 - 2:03
    For the past fire years or so,
  • 2:03 - 2:08
    the Zeitgeist Movement has put out quite a bit of educational media with respect to it’s advocation, and
  • 2:08 - 2:10
    the learning curve has been rather intense,
  • 2:10 - 2:17
    and their’s been a tendency to generalize with respect to how things actually work technically.
  • 2:17 - 2:20
    This is the content of this presentation, and
  • 2:20 - 2:25
    in part one and two I’m going to refine the inherent flaws of the current market model
  • 2:25 - 2:33
    regarding why we need to change along with relaying the vast prospects we now have to solve vast problems,
  • 2:33 - 2:37
    improve efficiency and generate a form of abundance that could meet that couple meet all human needs.
  • 2:37 - 2:39
    The active term which has gained a good deal of popularity in the past couple of years is called “post-scarcity”
  • 2:39 - 2:48
    even though that word is a little bit misleading semantically as I’ll explain.
  • 2:48 - 2:54
    And in part three I will work to show how this new society generally works in its structure and basic calculation.
  • 2:54 - 3:00
    I think most people on the planet know that there is something very wrong with the current socio-economic condition,
  • 3:00 - 3:02
    they just don’t know how to think about the solution or,
  • 3:03 - 3:05
    accurately, how to arrive at such solutions.
  • 3:05 - 3:07
    And until that is addressed, we’re not going to get very far.
  • 3:10 - 3:12
    And on that note, in a number of months,
  • 3:12 - 3:16
    a rather substantial text is going to put into circulation,
  • 3:16 - 3:20
    available for free and also in print form or download format at cost.
  • 3:20 - 3:22
    It’s a nonprofit expression.
  • 3:22 - 3:27
    This will be finished hopefully by the first of the year and this will be the definitive expression,
  • 3:27 - 3:28
    at least in the condensed form of the movement.
  • 3:28 - 3:30
    Something that’s been long overdue.
  • 3:30 - 3:36
    It’s called “The Zeitgeist Movement Defined” and it will serve as both an orientation and a reference guide,
  • 3:36 - 3:42
    and we’ll have probably over a thousand footnotes and sources.
  • 3:43 - 3:46
    Once finished, an educational video series will be put out in about 20 parts to reduce the material,
  • 3:46 - 3:50
    along with a workbook to help people who want to learn to talk about these ideas
  • 3:50 - 3:54
    because we basically need more people on a international level to be able to communicate as I try to do.
  • 3:54 - 3:59
    It’s a very important thing and I think the movement,
  • 3:59 - 4:04
    basically the future of the movement I should say rests in part on our capacity to create a well oiled international education machine
  • 4:04 - 4:09
    with consistent language coupled with real design projects and interworkings.
  • 4:09 - 4:15
    Part 1:
  • 4:15 - 4:18
    So why are we even here?
  • 4:18 - 4:20
    Is this type of large scale change,
  • 4:20 - 4:21
    what the movement advocates, really needed?
  • 4:22 - 4:26
    Can’t we just work to fix and improve the current economic model,
  • 4:26 - 4:28
    keeping the general framework of money, trade,
  • 4:29 - 4:29
    profit, power, property, and the like?
  • 4:33 - 4:36
    The short answer is a definitive no,
  • 4:36 - 4:38
    as I’m going to explain.
  • 4:38 - 4:45
    If there is any real interest to solve the growing public health and environmental crises at hand this system needs to go.
  • 4:45 - 4:47
    Market capitalism,
  • 4:47 - 4:52
    no matter how you wish to regulate it or not regulate it depending on who you speak with,
  • 4:52 - 5:00
    contains severe structural flaws which will always to one degree or another perpetuate (a) environmental abuse and destabilization,
  • 5:00 - 5:05
    and (b) human disregards and caustic inequality.
  • 5:05 - 5:08
    Put another way,
  • 5:08 - 5:16
    environmental and social imbalance and a basic lack of sustainability both
  • 5:16 - 5:25
    environmentally and culturally is inherent to the market economy and it always has been.
  • 5:25 - 5:29
    The difference between capitalism today and say the 16th century
  • 5:29 - 5:31
    is that our technological ability to rapidly accelerate and amplify this market process has brought to the surface consequences
  • 5:31 - 5:34
    which simply couldn’t be understood or even recognized during those early, primitive times.
  • 5:37 - 5:42
    In other words, the basic principles of market economics have always been intrinsically flawed.
  • 5:42 - 5:47
    It has taken just this long for the severity of those flaws to come to fruition.
  • 5:47 - 5:49
    So let me explain a little bit,
  • 5:49 - 5:51
    from an environmental standpoint,
  • 5:51 - 5:57
    market perception simply cannot view the earth as anything but an inventory for exploitation.
  • 5:58 - 6:02
    Why? Because the entire existence of the market economy has to do with keeping money in circulation
  • 6:02 - 6:06
    at a rate which can keep as many people employed as possible.
  • 6:10 - 6:13
    In other words, the world economy is powered by constant consumption.
  • 6:13 - 6:15
    If consumption levels drop,
  • 6:15 - 6:16
    so does labor demand.
  • 6:16 - 6:25
    And so does the available purchasing power of the general population and hence
  • 6:25 - 6:34
    so does demand for goods as money isn’t there to buy them.
  • 6:34 - 6:38
    This cyclical consumption is the life blood of our economic existence
  • 6:38 - 6:40
    and the very idea of being conservative or truly efficient with the earth’s finite resources in any way is
  • 6:40 - 6:43
    structurally counter productive to this needed driving force of consuming.
  • 6:43 - 6:45
    And if you don’t believe that,
  • 6:45 - 6:51
    ask yourself why virtually every life system on this planet is in decline.
  • 6:51 - 6:53
    We have a ongoing lost of top soil,
  • 6:53 - 6:54
    ever depleting fresh water,
  • 6:54 - 6:56
    atmospheric and climate destabilization,
  • 6:56 - 6:59
    aß loss of oxygen prodding plankton in the ocean,
  • 6:59 - 7:03
    which is critical to marine and atmospheric ecology,
  • 7:03 - 7:05
    the ongoing depletion of the fish population,
  • 7:05 - 7:06
    the reduction of rain forests,
  • 7:06 - 7:07
    and so forth.
  • 7:07 - 7:08
    In other words,
  • 7:08 - 7:14
    an overall general loss of critical biodiversity is occurring and increasing.
  • 7:14 - 7:18
    And for those not familiar with the critical relevance of bio-diversity,
  • 7:18 - 7:23
    billions of years of evolution has created a vastly interdependent biosphere of planetary systems and
  • 7:23 - 7:29
    disturbing one system always has an effect on many others.
  • 7:29 - 7:34
    And this of course is no new observation,
  • 7:34 - 7:41
    in 2002 192 countries in association with the United Nations got together around something called the Convention on Biological Diversity
  • 7:41 - 7:47
    and they made a public commitment to significantly reduce this loss by 2010.
  • 7:47 - 7:54
    And what changed eight years later?
  • 7:54 - 7:55
    Nothing.
  • 7:55 - 7:58
    In their official 2010 publication they state:
  • 7:58 - 8:06
    “None of the twenty one sub-targets accompanying the overall target of significantly reducing the rate of biodiversity by 2010
  • 8:06 - 8:11
    can be said definitively to have been achieved globally.”
  • 8:11 - 8:16
    “Actions to promote…biodiversity receive a tiny fraction of funding compared to infrastructure and industrial development.”
  • 8:16 - 8:21
    Hmm, I wonder why?
  • 8:21 - 8:23
    “Moreover,
  • 8:23 - 8:31
    biodiversity considerations are often ignored when such developments are designed…
  • 8:31 - 8:39
    Most future scenarios project continuing high levels of extinctions and loss of habitats though out this century.”
  • 8:39 - 8:41
    In a 2011 study published which was in part a response to a overall general call to isolate and protect certain regions
  • 8:43 - 8:45
    to insure some security of this bio-diversity, found that,
  • 8:48 - 8:53
    even with millions of square kilometers of land and ocean currently under legal protection,
  • 8:53 - 8:58
    if has done very little to slow the trend of decline.
  • 8:58 - 9:02
    They also made the following highly troubling conclusion,
  • 9:02 - 9:08
    “Combining this trend with the state of our resource consumption,
  • 9:08 - 9:17
    the access use of the earth’s resources or overshoot is possible because resources can be harvested faster then they can be replaced.
  • 9:17 - 9:27
    The cumulative overshoot from the mid a980’s to 2002 resulted in an ‘ecological debt’ that would require 2.5 planet earth’s to pay.
  • 9:27 - 9:29
    In a business as usual scenario,
  • 9:29 - 9:36
    our demands on the planet Earth could mount to the productivity of 27 planets by 2050.”
  • 9:36 - 9:43
    And there’s no shortage of other corroborating studies that confirm to one degree or another [that]
  • 9:43 - 9:50
    we are indeed greatly overshooting the annual production capacity of the earth,
  • 9:50 - 9:57
    couple with pollution and collateral destruction caused by industrial and consumer patterns.
  • 9:57 - 9:57
    Again,
  • 9:57 - 10:02
    this kind-of research has been published for many decades now
  • 10:02 - 10:07
    and why is it that with all this mounting data we can’t seem to curb life support depletion and our overshooting consumption trends?
  • 10:07 - 10:11
    is it because there are too many people on the planet?
  • 10:11 - 10:17
    Is it because we’re just utterly incompetent and have no conscious control over our actions?
  • 10:17 - 10:19
    No.
  • 10:19 - 10:29
    The problem is that we have a global economic tradition still in place rooted in 16th century pre-industrial handicraft oriented thought
  • 10:29 - 10:34
    that places the act of consuming, buying and selling as the core driver of all social unfolding.
  • 10:34 - 10:38
    The best analogy I cant think of is to consider the gas pedal on a car,
  • 10:38 - 10:40
    the more consumption of fuel,
  • 10:40 - 10:41
    the faster it goes,
  • 10:41 - 10:43
    and buying things in our world is the fuel.
  • 10:43 - 10:47
    If you slow down the consumption economic growth slows,
  • 10:47 - 10:48
    people lose jobs,
  • 10:48 - 10:54
    purchasing power declines and things become destabilized and so forth.
  • 10:54 - 11:04
    So I hope it is clear that the system simply does not reward or even support environmental sustainability in the form of conservation.
  • 11:04 - 11:05
    In fact,
  • 11:05 - 11:16
    it doesn’t even reward sustainability in the form of any kind of earthly or physical efficiency as I will talk more at length of in a moment.
  • 11:16 - 11:18
    Instead it rewards servicing,
  • 11:18 - 11:19
    turn over and waste,
  • 11:19 - 11:21
    the more problems and inefficiencies we have,
  • 11:21 - 11:27
    not to mention the more insecure materialistic needy the population becomes,
  • 11:27 - 11:28
    the better it is for industry,
  • 11:28 - 11:30
    the better it is for GDP,
  • 11:30 - 11:33
    the better is for employment
  • 11:33 - 11:36
    regardless of the fact that we may literally be killing ourselves in the process.
  • 11:36 - 11:40
    My friend John McMurchy,
  • 11:40 - 11:43
    a philosopher in Canada refers to this state as the “Cancer Stage of Capitalism,”
  • 11:43 - 11:47
    a system which is now destroying it’s host, us and the earth,
  • 11:50 - 12:00
    almost unknowingly because very few today really understand how unsustainable the core driving principles of the market really are.
  • 12:00 - 12:11
    The second structurally inherent consequence I want to mention is the fact that market capitalism is indeed empirically socially destabilizing,
  • 12:11 - 12:18
    it creates unnecessary and inhumane inequality along with resulting unnecessary humane conflict.
  • 12:18 - 12:25
    In fact I would say capitalism’s most natural state is conflict and imbalance.
  • 12:25 - 12:29
    And I would categorize two forms of the conflict in the world:
  • 12:29 - 12:34
    national and class.
  • 12:34 - 12:40
    I’m not going to spend much time on the causes on national warfare as it should be fairly obvious to most of us at his point.
  • 12:40 - 12:44
    Sovereign nations which are in part protectionist institutions for the most powerful forces of business
  • 12:44 - 12:47
    have often engaged in the most primal act of competition,
  • 12:47 - 12:51
    systematic mass murder,
  • 12:51 - 12:56
    in order to preserve the economic integrity of their national economies and select business interests
  • 12:56 - 13:01
    which invariably comprise the political constituency of any given country.
  • 13:01 - 13:05
    All wars in history,
  • 13:05 - 13:09
    while often conveniently masked by various excuses,
  • 13:09 - 13:11
    have predominately been about land, natural resources,
  • 13:12 - 13:16
    or economic strategy on one level or another.
  • 13:16 - 13:21
    The state institution has always been driven by commercial and property interests,
  • 13:21 - 13:30
    existing as both a regulator of the basic day to day internal economic operations in the form of legislation and as a tool for power consolidation,
  • 13:30 - 13:35
    and competitive advantage by the most dominant industries of the national or even,
  • 13:35 - 13:37
    in fact more importantly,
  • 13:37 - 13:40
    global economy.
  • 13:40 - 13:44
    And of course there are many people in the world that still look at this causality in reverse,
  • 13:44 - 13:46
    in some economic views,
  • 13:46 - 13:49
    state government is deemed thee central problem,
  • 13:49 - 13:55
    as opposed to the self interest and competitive advantage seeking ethos inherent to market capitalism.
  • 13:55 - 13:57
    As the argument goes,
  • 13:57 - 14:00
    if state power removed or reduced dramatically,
  • 14:00 - 14:05
    the market in society would be free of most of it’s negative effects.
  • 14:05 - 14:10
    The problem with this argument is that it forgets that capitalism is just a variation of a scarcity drive specialization
  • 14:10 - 14:15
    and property based exchange system.
  • 14:15 - 14:20
    A system which actually goes back millennia in one form or another.
  • 14:20 - 14:27
    Early settlements naturally needed to protect themselves as resource and land acquisition moved forward over time.
  • 14:27 - 14:32
    Armies were created to protect resources from invading forces and the like.
  • 14:32 - 14:36
    At the same time people were working to engage agriculture and handicraft
  • 14:36 - 14:40
    and it revealed labor and exchange value in a very primitive form.
  • 14:40 - 14:45
    Hence property value, in the midst of this scarcity,
  • 14:46 - 14:50
    demanded regulation and laws.Not to protect property,
  • 14:50 - 14:56
    but to protect commerce and also avoid scams and fraud in transactions.
  • 14:56 - 14:59
    This is the seed of the state!
  • 14:59 - 15:01
    The market is a game and people can can cheat,
  • 15:01 - 15:04
    you need regulation.
  • 15:04 - 15:06
    This is the basic problem.
  • 15:06 - 15:08
    The market also allows,
  • 15:08 - 15:09
    and hears the punchline,
  • 15:09 - 15:12
    that regulation to be purchased by money.
  • 15:12 - 15:15
    Therefore there is no guaranteed integrity.
  • 15:15 - 15:20
    The state and the market both battle each other and compliment each other.
  • 15:20 - 15:24
    You will always have regulatory power centers in a market economy.
  • 15:24 - 15:27
    The state and the market are inseparable,
  • 15:27 - 15:30
    [they] go hand and hand.
  • 15:31 - 15:36
    Now, as an aside, people often challenge this reality with moral or ethical arguments,
  • 15:36 - 15:41
    which, I’m sorry to say, I'm are entirely culturally subjective.
  • 15:41 - 15:43
    In a world where everything is for sale,
  • 15:43 - 15:46
    where the reward reinforcement,
  • 15:46 - 15:47
    the operant condition,
  • 15:47 - 15:51
    is directly tied to seeking personal advantage and gain,
  • 15:51 - 15:55
    who is to say where the lines should be drawn in that process.
  • 15:55 - 15:58
    This is why moral principles,
  • 15:58 - 16:01
    without structural reinforcement,
  • 16:01 - 16:04
    are useless.
  • 16:05 - 16:08
    In the end, the question isn’t what is morally right or morally wrong,
  • 16:08 - 16:10
    the question is what works and what doesn’t.
  • 16:10 - 16:15
    And sometimes is takes a great deal of time for the truth of such patterns to materialize.
  • 16:15 - 16:16
    For example,
  • 16:16 - 16:22
    most people rightly so see abject human slavery historically as a morally wrong condition,
  • 16:22 - 16:26
    but lets dig deeper into the characteristics and think more deeply.
  • 16:26 - 16:35
    I think it much more productive to recognize that slavery didn’t work in the sense that it was culturally unsustainable.
  • 16:35 - 16:38
    Bigotry in all forms is not just ugly,
  • 16:38 - 16:43
    it is culturally unsustainable because it generates conflict.
  • 16:43 - 16:49
    I’m not aware of any slave owning society that did not undergo large slave rebellions,
  • 16:49 - 16:50
    its unstable and again, therefore, unsustainable.
  • 16:52 - 16:55
    And Market capitalism is on the same path,
  • 16:55 - 16:58
    there are more slaves in the world today,
  • 16:58 - 17:04
    operating within the bounds of the market system then anytime in human history.
  • 17:04 - 17:10
    And I have little doubt that if we get through this rough period of time without destroying ourselves
  • 17:10 - 17:11
    with war, uprisings, or ecological collapse,
  • 17:12 - 17:18
    people in the future will look back at our world today with the same disgust
  • 17:18 - 17:24
    that regarding our human rights violating system as we today look back upon the period of abject human slavery.
  • 17:24 - 17:30
    Class Warfare.
  • 17:30 - 17:36
    This leads us well into the subject of class warfare and socio-economic inequality.
  • 17:36 - 17:45
    The long history of so called “socialist” outcry has largely been about this constant and inhumane imbalance on one level or another.
  • 17:45 - 17:48
    A great deal of time has been spent by many critics of capitalism,
  • 17:48 - 17:52
    describing how it is indeed a system of exploitation,
  • 17:52 - 18:02
    which inherently separates a society into stratified economic laborers with a higher class given dominance over the lower structurally,
  • 18:02 - 18:04
    it’s structurally built right in.
  • 18:04 - 18:07
    And if you’re one of those people that doesn’t agree with this reality,
  • 18:07 - 18:11
    ask yourself why there has been one labor strike after another in the past 300 years,
  • 18:11 - 18:13
    why worker unions even exist,
  • 18:13 - 18:17
    why CEO’s often tend to make hundreds of times more money than the common worker,
  • 18:17 - 18:22
    or why 46% of the world’s wealth is now owned by 1%.
  • 18:22 - 18:29
    Which are almost exclusively of what we could call the capitalist ownership class.
  • 18:29 - 18:34
    Inequality and class separation is a direct mathematical result of the market’s inherently competitive orientation
  • 18:34 - 18:40
    which divides individuals in small groups as they work to compete against each other for survival and security.
  • 18:40 - 18:46
    It is entirely individualistically oriented;
  • 18:46 - 18:51
    driven by a core incentive system based around isolated self preservation,
  • 18:51 - 18:57
    assuming the need to constantly reinforce one’s security financially since the market climate,
  • 18:57 - 19:02
    the environment gives no certainty once so ever of well being in and of itself.
  • 19:02 - 19:05
    Fear and greed,
  • 19:05 - 19:08
    the rich get richer because the model favors them
  • 19:08 - 19:12
    and the porter basically stay the same because this system works against them by comparison.
  • 19:12 - 19:15
    It is structurally classed.
  • 19:15 - 19:19
    Those with more money have more options and influence than those with less.
  • 19:19 - 19:20
    You are only as free,
  • 19:21 - 19:25
    as they say, as you’re purchasing power will allow you to be.
  • 19:25 - 19:28
    And the credit system is perfect example.
  • 19:28 - 19:32
    Money is treated as nothing more than a product in the credit system,
  • 19:32 - 19:33
    in the banking system.
  • 19:33 - 19:37
    Money is sold by banks via loans for profit which comes in the form of interest.
  • 19:37 - 19:40
    If you miss payments of violate your contract,
  • 19:40 - 19:41
    often the interest rate, does what?
  • 19:42 - 19:47
    It goes up because you are now consider a “higher risk” consumer.
  • 19:47 - 19:49
    If you fail to meet that interest or future payments,
  • 19:49 - 19:51
    you might default on the loan.
  • 19:51 - 19:58
    You’re punishment is the ruining of your credit rating or reputation in the financial circles.
  • 19:58 - 20:05
    And once that happens your financial flexibility is even more stifled as your economic access is limited.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    People see this as just “the way things are” but they don’t realize how insidious this is.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This pounds the lower classes to stay low for reasons and forces of coercion that are built into the structure that are beyond their control.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And I could give many other examples.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Everything in this system works against you if you’re not affluent in this society and guess what,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    these financial policies were created by self-interest oriented market logic,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not some politician or some government.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And I wont even go into the fact that the interest charged for the sale of money today doesn’t even exist in the money supply itself which creates a kind-of system based social coercion forcing the inevitability of credit default over time.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Along with acts of economic desperation such as selling property you’d rather would not to meet your basic needs.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Or taking labor positions,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    fo course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that you do not appreciate.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the market generates desperation as its methods of coercion.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And this leads into another very common “free-market” confusion I often see in the very popular laissez faire community,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they talk about free trade as trade that is entirely voluntary as though such a thing could ever exist in an empirical sense.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All decisions to trade come from influences and pressures.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Only perhaps the super rich,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    who literally have no need to worry about basic survival due to their wealth could possibly be said to engage in the act of voluntary free trade.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For 99% of the world,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we either trade or we don’t survive.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And that pressure is empirically coercive.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And no,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it doesn’t have to be that way which is the whole point of this new social model.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So with all that aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and with this understanding that wealth inequality is inherent to capitalism itself,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    can’t regulate it out,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the main issue I want to address here has to due with what class separation and social inequality does to us in the context of public health.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It isn’t just a simple issue of some having more than others,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    then others suffering the mere material inconvenience or pressure to engage in labor or trade they’d rather not have to.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It goes way beyond that.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Socio-economic inequality is a poison,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a form of destabilizing pollution that affects people’s psychological and physiological health in profound ways.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    While also very often accumulating anger towards other groups and hence that generation of social instability.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The best term that I know of that embodies this issue is “structural violence.”
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If I put a gun to someone’s head,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    say a 30 year old healthy male,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and pulled the trigger and kill him,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    assuming an average life expectancy of say 84,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you can argue that possibly 54 years of life was stolen from that person in a direct act of violence.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    However,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if a person is born into poverty in the midst of an abundant society where it is statistically proven that it would hurt no one to facilitate meeting the basic needs of that person,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    yet they die at the age of 30 due to heart disease which has been found to statistically relate to those who endure this stress and effects of low socio-economic status,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is that death,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the removal of those 54 years once again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    an act of violence?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And the answer is yes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You see our legal system has conditioned us to think that violence is a direct behavioral act,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the truth is that violence is a process,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not an act and it can take many forms.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You cannot separate any outcome from the system by which it oriented.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And again this is virtually absent from the way people think about cause and effect in a socio-economic system.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The effects of market capitalism cannot be reduced or,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I should say,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    cannot be deduced logically from a local or reductionist examination.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s like this are working like a clock,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the market is a synergistic system,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the economy is a synergistic system,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and the behavior of the whole,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    meaning large scale social consequences such as the perpetuation of inequality or violence,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    can only be assessed in relationship to that whole.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is why there has been one big dichotomy between what market theorists think is supped to happen in their world and what’s actually happening.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there is no doubt that poverty and social inequity is and has been causing a vast spectrum of public health problems.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Both in the context of absolute deprivation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which means not having the money to simply meet up with basic needs such as nutrition,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and in the context of relative deprivation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is a psychological phenomenon related to the stress,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the psycho-social stress of simply living in a highly stratified society.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    One of the greatest predictors of reduced public health is now to be found as social inequity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    social inequality.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If you compare developed nations by the level of wealth inequality you will find that those more equal nations have much better health then those with less equality.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This includes physical health,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    mental health,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    drug abuse,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    educational levels,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    imprisonment,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    obesity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    social mobility,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    trust or social capital,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    community life,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    violence,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    teen pregnancies,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and child well being on average.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    These outcomes are significantly worse in more unequal rich countries.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And yet,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again if you tried to reduce and analyze a single person for any of these noted public health factors,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you could never know for sure if that person is actually a victim of the psycho-stress or the absolute or relative violence condition itself.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The causality can only be understood on the large scales,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    probabilistically.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Which is the importance of statistical analysis.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the market can only be perceived as a whole to gage the truth of its effects.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is why our legal system,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is so base and primitive.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I would like to detail a few more examples of structural violence as it obviously takes many more forms.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    When we see 1.5million children die each year from diarrheal diseases,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    an utterly preventable problem that isn’t resolved due to finical limitation across the world we are seeing the murder of 1.5 [million] children by a system that is so inefficient in its process it cannot make the proper resources available in certain regions,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    even though they are there.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Drug addiction which has become a plague of modern society across the world,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not only causing death,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but also a spectrum of suffering has been found to have roots in stress.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It has to do with a lack of support which creates a psychological chain reaction that leads to fill your feelings of pain with self medication.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You will rarely find a study on addiction patterns that does not see a direct correlation to unstable life conditions and stress.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And what is perhaps poverties most dominant psychological feature?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Feelings of insecurity and humility.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Even the vast majority of behavioral violence as we know it arises due to preconditions which have been tied to poverty induced deprivation and abuse.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Former head of the study of violence at Harvard,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Dr.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    James Gilligan,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    was a prison psychiatrist for many decades analyzing the reasons for extreme acts of murder and the like.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In virtually all cases,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    high levels of deprivation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    neglect,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and abuse occurred in the life history of the offenders.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And guess what?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Poverty is the single best predictor of child abuse and neglect.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In a United States study,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    children who lived in families with an annual income less than $15,000 are 22 times more likely to be abused or neglected than children living in families with an annual income of $30,000 or more.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Aristotle said,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    “Poverty in the parent of revolution and crime.” Gandhi said,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    “Poverty in the worst form of violence.” And the interesting thing about all this is is that we are all possible victims of its effects for every time you hear about an act of theft,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    violence murder,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    or the like chances are the origins of that behavior were born out of a preventable form of deprivation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I say preventable because today there is absolutely no technical reason for any human being to live in poverty and resource deprivation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Solving social inequality is not just a nice thing to do,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is a true public health imperative.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Just like making sure our water isn’t polluted so we don’t get diseases.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And each opus have no idea when we might be subjected to say the violence bread by this deprivation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s a form of blow back if you will.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Just like how some social theorists think about the reasons for modern terrorism from abused countries,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a country like the United States bombs some town,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the people in that town lose everything,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    certain people are deeply affected and find no other emotional recourse but to act in the most violent way that can in revenge.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And the next thing you know a bomb explodes at a coffee shop in your city killing your sibling.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In short,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you want to produce a violent criminal or gang mentality,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    let them be raised in an environment where they are reinforced with the sense that society doesn’t care about them.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    hence,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they have no need to care about society.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is the trademark,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this is the core characteristic of the capitalist-social order.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And as a final aside before I move on,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I find it incredibly interesting that the vast majority of the civil rights institutions today or human rights institutions today which still demand more race,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    gender,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    creed,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and political equality tend to do very little to address the roots of economic equality.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s a very interesting contradiction.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m firmly convinced that as times moves forward economic equality will morph into the same role as gender and race equality.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Where meeting human needs and facilitating a high standard of living will be an issue of human rights,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not market expedience,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    sort of a social darwinism to which it is based.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Part two:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Post Scarcity.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I would like to spend a moment clarifying what an “Abundance Focused Society” actually and give some tangible statistical extrapolations to confirm this potential.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    A Natural Law Resource Based Economy is not a utopia.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The Zeitgeist Movement seeks a high,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    relative sustainable abundance reliving the most relevant forms of scarcity.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Of course many who hear such distinctions immediately dismiss such qualifications as mere opinion,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    right?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The fact is,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s not opinion when it comes to life support or empirical human needs.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Relative sustainable abundance means seeking more than enough to meet all human needs and beyond while keeping ecological balance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The most relevant forms of scarcity means we differentiate between scarcity as it relates to human needs and scarcity as it relates to human wants.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As they are not the same.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Unfortunately market logic pretends that they are.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Right.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The market cannot separate needs from wants.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And this gets to the root of the life blind value system disorder which continues to distort our culture.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The logic goes like this,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there exists any form of scarcity of anything on any level,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    then we need money and the competitive market to regulate it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Let me explain this a little bit more.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    One of our international lecture team members,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Matt Burkowitz,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    did a radio interview with a very popular Austrian economist a little while back and when the subject of scarcity came up this economists responded with “Not everyone can have a fancy steak or a Farrari!” This was his definitive view of what scarcity means.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now that may be true,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not every human being can have a 500 room mansion with 3 jets parked in the front lawn,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    with half the continent of Africa as his or her backyard.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You see in theory we could conjure up anything and use such luxury based scarcity defenses to support the existence of the competitive market.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So what are human needs?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Are they subjective?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Human needs have been created by the process of our physical and psychological evolution.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And not meeting these virtually empirical needs results,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as noted before,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in a statistically predictable destabilizing spectrum of physical,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    mental,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and social disorders.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Human wants,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    on the other hand,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    are cultural manifestations which have undergone enormous subjective change over the course of time.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Revealing in truth something of an arbitrary nature.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now this isn’t to say neurotic attachments can’t be made to wants so much so that they start to take the role of needs,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    thats a phenomenon that occurs readily in our materialistic society in fact.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is exactly why the previously noted wealth imbalance issues,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    namely the psycho social stress response resulting from social comparison is what is.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s a part of our evolutionary psychology in many ways.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    But this is partly why more unequal societies also are the more unhealthy societies,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    because we perpetuate it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So the Zeitgeist Movement is not promoting an infinite universal abundance of all things which is clearly impossible on a finite planet.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Rather it promotes a post-scarcity or abundance world view,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    with an active recognition of the natural limits of consumption on the planet while seeking equilibrium.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And what separates the worlds today from the world of the past is that our scientific and technological capacity has reached an accelerating point of efficiency where creating a high-standard of living for all the world’s people based on current cultural preferences in fact,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is now possible within these sustainable boundaries without the destructive need to compete through the market mechanism.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is made by what has been called “ephemeralization” a term coined by engineer,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    R.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Buckminster Fueler.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And the recognition is very simple.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The amount of resources and energy needed to achieve any given task has constantly decreased over time while the efficiency of that task has increased paradoxically.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    An example is wireless satellite communication which uses exponentially less materials then traditional large gage copper wire and of course is more versatile and effective.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In other words we are doing more with less continually and this trend can be noticed in all areas of industrial development;
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    from computer processing or Moore’s Law to the rapid acceleration of human knowledge or information technology.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And it isn’t just physical goods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Also applies to processes or systems.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the labor system via automation today shows the exact same pattern.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Industry has become more productive with less people,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    ever increasing machine performance with ever decreasing and material needs over time per operation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as a brief tangent,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    some might have noticed I keep saying this phrase “High Standard of Living.” What does that mean?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Who is saying what a high standard of living should be?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The answer is not who,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is what.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And what determines our standard of living is the current state of technology in many ways and what is required to keep,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    social and environmental sustainability on a finite planet.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    That’s basically the equation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we as a society wish to keep the value of constant materialism,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    growth,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and consumption promoting the virtue of having infinite wants then we might as well just kill ourselves right now.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As that going to be the end result if we continue to push past the limits of the physical world with respect to our resource exploitation and the loss of bio-diversity.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So I want to make it very clear,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this new economic proposal isn’t just about seeing how the market is obsolete per say given our new powerful awarenesses of technical efficiency,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is also about the fact that we need to get out of the market paradigm as fast as we can before it causes even more damage.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Ok,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    post scarcity! Four categories I want to cover in detail regarding this are food,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    water,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    energy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and material goods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And please note that for food,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    energy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and water this is actually a very conservative assessment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Using statistics and measures based only on existing methods that have been put into industrial use,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not theoretical things that people talk about all the time.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And all I’m going to do is scale this out,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    applying a system’s theory context.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Food.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    According to the United nations,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    one out of every eight people on earth,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    nearly one bullion people suffer from chronic under nourishment yet it is admitted that there is enough food produced today by traditional market methods alone to proved everyone in the world with at least 2,720 kilocalories per day which is more then enough to maintain basic health for most.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Therefore,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    just in principle right now the existence of such a large scale number of chronically hungry people reveals at a minimum that there is something fundamentally wrong with the global industrial and economic process.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    According to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    “It is estimated that 30-50% of all food produced never reached a human stomach and this figure does not reflect the fact that large amounts of land,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    energy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    fertilizers,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and water have also been lost in the production of foodstuffs which simply end up as waste.” And while there is certainly an imperative to consider the relevance of these waste patterns,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it appears that the most effective and practical means to overcome this global deficiency entirely is to update the system of food production itself with the most strategic localization in order to reduce the waste caused by inefficiencies in the current global supply chain.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And perhaps the most promising of these arrangements is something called vertical farming which I assume many are familiar with.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Vertical farming has been put to test in a number of regions with extremely promising results regarding efficiency and conservation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This method of abundant food production will not only use less resources per unit output causing less waste,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    have a reduced ecological footprint,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    increase food quality and the like,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it will also use less surface of the planet,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    uses less land area than we’re doing today.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It can even be cone off shore,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s that versatile.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Enabling types of food as well,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that certain climates simply couldn't produce because it’s enclosed.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    A vertical farm system in Singapore for example custom built a transparent enclosure,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    uses a closed loop automated hydraulic system to rotate the crops and circles between sunlight and a organic nutrient treatment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Costing only about $3 a month in electricity for each enclosure.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This system also has reported to have 10 times more productivity per square foot then conventional farming.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    using much less water,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    labor,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and fertilizer.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Students at Columbia University in the U.S.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    determined that in order to feed 50,000 people a thirty story farm built on the size of a basic city block would be needed.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Which is about 6.4 acres.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we extrapolate this in the context of the city of Los Angeles,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    California (where I’m coming from) with a population of about 4 million,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    with a total acreage of about 318,000 it would take roughly 78 structures to feed all residents.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This amounts to about 0.1% of the total land area of Los Angeles,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    to feed the entire population.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we apply this extrapolation to the earth and the human population of 7.2 billion,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we end up needing about 144,000 vertical farms to feed the whole world.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This amounts to about 921,000 acres of land to place these farms which,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    given about 38% of the Earth’s land is currently being used for traditional agriculture,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we find that we only about 0.006% of the Earth’s existing agricultural land to met production requirements.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Of course lets be a little bit more consistent,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    within that 38% used statistic land for agriculture,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    much of that land is also used for livestock cultivation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not just crop cultivation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if we were to theoretically take only the crop production land currently being used,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is about 4 billion acres,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    replacing land based cultivation by dropping these 30 story vertical farms side by side in theory,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the food output would be enough to meet the traditional needs to feed 34.4 trillion people.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Given that we only need to feed about 9 billion by 2050,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we only need to harness about 200th’s of a percent of this theoretical capacity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Which,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it could be argued makes rather mute any seemingly practical objections common to the aforementioned extrapolation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In short,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we have absolute global food abundance potential.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Water.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    According to the world health organization,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    about 2.6 billion people,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    half of the developing world lack proper sanitation and about 1.1 billion people have no access to any type of clean drinking sources.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Due to ongoing depletion by 2025 it is estimated that almost 2 billion people will live in areas plagued by water scarcity with 2/3rd’s of the entire world population living in water stressed ares.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The cause?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Obviously waste and pollution.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m not going to talk about that,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the details in causes and prevention,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that’s not the point of this.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Rather,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    lets take,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a technological capacity approach only,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    considering modern purification and modern desalination systems on the macro industrial scale.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Purification.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The average person today globally uses about 1,085 cubic meters of water per year.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And this factors in all industrial activity as well,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    such as agriculture.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For the sake of argument,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    lets consider what it would take to purify all the fresh water currently being used in the world on average annually.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Given the global average of 1,385 cubic meters in a population of 7.2 billion,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we arrive at a total annual use of about 10 trillion cubic meters.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Using a New York state U.S.A.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    uv disinfection plant at a base measure which has an output capacity of roughly 3 billion cubic meters a year,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    taking up about 3.7 acres of land,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we would need 3,327 plants to purify all the water used by the entire global population Taking up about 12,000 acres of land.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now or course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    needless to say there are many other factors that come into play,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    power needs,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    location,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and the like.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    That’s fair enough.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    However,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this is a minor inconvenience.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Twelve thousand acres is nothing compared to the 36 bullion acres of land on the planet earth.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    To give this a more practical example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    United States military alone has about 845,000 military bases and buildings I should say as well.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This has been reported to take up about 30 million acres of land globally.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now only 400th’s of a percent of that land would be needed to disinfect the total fresh water use of the entire world if that were even needed which of course it is not.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Desalination.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now let’s run the same theoretical extrapolation on desalination,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the most common method of desalination use today is called “reverse osmosis” and according the the National Desalination Association it accounts for 60% of the installed capacity globally.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Of course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there are a lot of other methods that are emerging quite rapidly with high levels of efficiency [that] can move water much more quickly.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    But I’m not talk about that because I want to stay only within the common method applied today.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Keep in mind that everything I’m speaking of has dramatic improvements coming very soon.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There’s an advanced reverse osmosis sea water desalinization plant in Australia that can produce about 150 million cubic meters of fresh water a year while occupying about 50 acres.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Given the goal annual water use of the world today is about 10 trillion cubic acres again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it would take about 60,000 plants to produce current global usage in total.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Using the dimensions of that plant,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is quite large,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    such a feet would take about 18,000 miles of coast land,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    or about 8.5% of the world’s coast land.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now obviously that’s not really ideal,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that’s a lot of coast land,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but this exercise is about proportion.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Clearly we do not need to desalinate all water used once agin,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    nor would be bypass the use of purification processes or ignore the vast reforms needed to preserve efficiency in fresh water or,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    equally as important,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the reuse schemes that are coming to fruition where buildings are able to use water in multiple ways by recycling water water that comes from the sink into toilets and other mechanisms that unfortunately go unused for the vast majority.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    lets do a slightly more practical real life extrapolation combining only purification and desalination with actual regional scarcity statistics.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    On the continent of Africa,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    roughly 345 million people lack access to freshwater.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we apply the noted global average consumption rate,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again of 1,385 cubic meters a year,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    seeking to provide each of those 345 million people that amount we would need about 480 billion cubic meters produced annually.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we divided this number in half and used purification systems for one section and desalination for the other,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the desalination process would need about 1.9% or 494 miles of coast line for desalination facilities and only about 296 acres of land for purification facilities which is a minuscule fraction of Africa’s total land mass of about 7 billion acres.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So this is highly doable even in this crude example.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And obviously,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in this case and all cases we would strategically maximize purification processes since it is clearly more efficient while using desalination for the remaining demand.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In short,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s absurd for anyone on this planet to be going without fresh water.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Not to mention as an aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    70% of all fresh water used today is used in agriculture in our grossly wasteful agricultural methods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Seventy percent! If we,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    for example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    apply again vertical farms system which have been noted to reduce water by upwards of 80% in comparison,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we would see an enormous freeing up of this unnecessarily scarce resource as well.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Moving on to energy.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    We live in one massive perpetual motion machine known as the Universe.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The fact that we still use polluting fossil fuels stores in the earth or the incredibly unstable nuclear phenomenon which gives very little room for human fallibility is truly frightening.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There are four main large capacity “base load,” as they would say,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    renewable energy means which are currently most ideal as per our current state of technological application.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    These are geothermal plants,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    wind farms,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    solar fields,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and water-based power.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Due to time I’m not going to explain what these mediums are as I assume most know.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m just going to run through the abundance comparison.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Geothermal.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    2006 MIT report on geothermal found that 13,000 zetajoules of power are currently available in the earth with the possibility of 2000 zetajoules beings harvestable in proved technology.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The total energy consumption of all the countries on the planets is only about half a zetajoule a year.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This means literally thousands of years of planetary power could be harnessed in this medium alone.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Geothermal energy also uses much less land then other energy sources.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Over 30 years,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a period time commonly used to compare the life cycle impacts from different power course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it was found that a geothermal facility uses 444 meters squared of land per gigawatt hour while a coal facility used 3,632 meters per gigawatt hour.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we were to do a basic comparison of geothermal to coal given this ration of meter squared to gigawatt hour we find that we could fit about 9 geothermal plants in the space of one coal plant.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And that isn’t accounting for the vast amount of land that is currently used for coal extraction.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You know,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    those huge holes that we see in the earth.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And by the way,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the beauty of geothermal and in fact all of the renewables I’m going to speak of,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is that extraction or the harnessing location is almost always the exact same place as processing for the power distribution as well.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All hydrocarbon sources on the other hand require both extraction and power production facilities almost always in separate locations,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    sometimes refineries as well in separate locations.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In 2013 it was announced that a 1,000 megawatt power station was to begin construction in Ethiopia.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    We’re going to use this as a base theoretical for extrapolation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If a 1000 megawatt geothermal power station operated at full capacity 24 hours a day,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    365 days a year,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it would produce 8.7 million megawatt hours a year.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The worlds current annual energy usage is about 153 billion megawatt hours a year which would mean it would take an abstraction of about 17,465 geothermal plants to match global use.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There are over 2,300 coal power plants in operation world wide today.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Using the aforementioned plant sized capacity comparison of about 9 geothermal plants fitting into one coal plant,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the space of 1,940 coal plants would be needed in theory to contain the 17,000 geothermal plants or 84% of the total in existence.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    given that coal accounts for only 41% of todays current energy production,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this theoretical extrapolation also shows how in 84% of the current space used by coal plants geothermal could apply 100% of total global power supply.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Wind farms.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It has been calculated that today with existing turbine technology,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is improving rapidly,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that Earth could produce hundreds of trillions of watts power,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    many more times than what the world consumes overall.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    However,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    breaking this down using the 9.000 acre Alta wind center in California as a theoretical basis,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which has an active capacity on 1,320 megawatts of power,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a theoretical annual output of 11 million megawatt hours is possible.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This means 13,000 9,000 acre wind farms would be needed to meet total global demand of 153 billion megawatt hours.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This requires about 119 million acres of land or 0.3%,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    3/10th’s of a percent of the Earth’s surface to power the world in abstraction.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    However as some may know off shore wind is typically much more powerful then land based.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    According to the assessment of off shore wind energy resources for the United States,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a report,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    4,150 gigawatts of potential wind turbine technology,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    turbine capacity from off shore resources are available in the the United States alone.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Assuming this power capacity was constant for a whole year,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we end up with an energy conversion of 36 billion megawatts hours a year.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Given the United Staes in 2010 used 25.7 billion megawatt hours,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we find that off shore wind harvesting could exceed the national use by about 10.6 billion megawatt hours or 41%.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And axiomatically,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    extrapolating the national level of capacity to the rest of the worlds coast lines,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    also taken into account the aforementioned land based statistics,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is clear that we can power the world many many times over with wind and quite practically.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Solar Fields.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If humanity could capture 1/10th of 1% if the solar energy striking the earth we would have access to six times as much energy we consume in all forms today.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The ability to harness this power depends on technology and how high the percentage of radiation conversion is.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The Ivanpah solar electric system in California,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s a 3,500 acre field with an annual stata generation of about one million megawatt hours.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we were to extrapolate using this as the theoretical basis as we had before,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it would take about 142,000 fields or about 500 million acres of land to theoretically meet current global energy use.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    That’s about 1.5% of total land on earth.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Deserts cover about 1/3rd of the world or about 12 billon acres and they tend to be fairly conducive to solar fields,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while often less conducive to life support for people.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Given the roughly 500 million acres theoretically needed to power the world as noted,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    only 4.1% of the world’ s deserts would be needed to contain these fields.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Land that pretty much just otherwise sits there.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Water-Based Power.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There are five dominant types of water driven power.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Wave,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Tidal,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Ocean Current,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Osmotic,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Ocean Thermal,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and Water Course.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Overall,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the technology for harnessing [the] ocean in general is in its infancy...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but the potential is vast.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And based on traditional estimates,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    here is what the accepted global potentials has been estimated at,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    using existing methods,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we’re not applying advanced technology that’s not in application yet:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This all figures up to be about 150,000 TWh/yr or 96% of current global use of the .55 ZJ.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Pretty much enough to power the world in one medium alone if applied.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    However,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    to give a sense of growing technological potential because I think this is important considering how,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    technology and water-oriented power is deeply in it’s infancy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    recent developments in 'ocean current' harnessing technology (the current’s that go underneath the ocean),
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which can embrace much slower speeds,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is has estimated that ocean current alone could now theoretically power the entire world if applied correctly.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    let's recap:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Wind,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    solar,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    water and geothermal have shown,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as large scale,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    base-load renewable energy mediums,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that they are capable,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    individually,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of meeting or vastly exceeding current annual global energy consumption at this time.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And obviously a systems approach,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    harmonizing an optimized fraction of each of those renewables,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    strategically,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is the key to achieving a global,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    total energy abundance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is not inconceivable to imagine a series of man-made floating islands off select coastlines which are designed to harness,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    at once,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    wind,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    solar,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    thermal difference,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    wave,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    tidal and currents – all at the same time and in the same general area.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Such energy islands would then pipe their harvest back to land for storage and distribution.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It is only up to our deign ingenuity to figure this out.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [Localization and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Reuse]
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The final energy factor I want to mention,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which builds upon this systems thinking explicitly,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    has to do with localization and re-use schemes.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Localized energy harnessing isn't given a fraction of the attention it needs today.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Smaller scale renewable methods which are conducive to single structures or small areas find the same systems logic regarding combination.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    These local systems could also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if need be,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    connect back into the larger,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    base-load systems,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    creating a total,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    mixed medium integrated network,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which happens sometimes today with solar [energy].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There are many localized systems out there which can draw energy from the immediate environment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Of course there’s solar power arrays;
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there’s small wind harvesting systems,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    localized geothermal heating and cooling...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and even architectural design that just simply makes natural light and heat/cool preservation more efficient.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Buckminster Fuller was great with his dome structure and how they actually contain energy quite well,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    same idea.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Extending outwards to city infrastructure,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we see the same wasted possible efficiency almost everywhere.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    A simple technology called piezoelectric is able to convert pressure and mechanical energy into electricity.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s an excellent example of an energy reuse method with great potential.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Existing applications have included power generation by people simply walking on these engineered floors and sidewalks,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    streets which can generate power as automobiles cross over them,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and train rail systems which can also capture energy from passing train cars through pressure.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It has been suggested by people who have studied this that a stretch of road less than one mile long,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    four lanes wide,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a highway,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and trafficked by about 1,000 vehicles per hour can create about 0.4 Megawatts of power,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    enough to power 600 homes.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    extrapolate that out to the bulk of all the highways in the world,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you have a very very powerful regenerative energy source.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Overall,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if we think about the enormous mechanical energy wasted by vehicle transport modes and high traffic walking centers alone,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the potential of that possible regenerated energy is quite substantial.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And it’s this type of systems thinking that is needed in order maintain sustainability,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while also pursuing this global energy abundance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And the final and more complex subject,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    energy aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    will be the subject of Material Abundance and creating supporting goods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    unlike the prior,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    more simple post scarcity categories of food,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    water and energy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the creation of a broad material abundance of all basics goods which comprise the current average,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you could say,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of what is culturally considered a “high standard of living” today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is substantially more radical in its need for industrial revision and change.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As expressed before,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the current,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    highly inefficient methods we use in industrial design,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    production,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    distribution,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and regeneration-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is one of the main reasons we are in a constant state of global resource use over-shoot and destabilizing biodiversity loss.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as noted prior,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there is no market incentive for advanced states of efficiency,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as efficiency always reduces the amount of labor,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    resources and service needs for an existing purpose,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and hence reduces monetary circulation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I can’t reinforce that enough.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Therefore a new,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    synergistic,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    systems view of industry,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    focused explicitly on material and labor efficiency,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    along with an optimized strategy for sustainability,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is in order.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For the sake of time,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and as a lead in to the final section on calculation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m going to focus on a few principles or protocols and how each protocol assists efficiency towards this post scarcity abundance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Otherwise it would take an enormous amount of time,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s not as simple as the prior extrapolations.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    However,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in this book that I mentioned there will be a whole chapter dedicated to this issues in great detail.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Access not property.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    A property based society incentivizes the preference to “own” a given product rather than rent or gain access to as needed.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m a filmmaker and while I do rent some things occasionally,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s much more cost effective and smart to buy things,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    because they have resale value.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This incentive of universal ownership is incredibly wasteful when we examine actual “use time” of a given good.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Facilitating a means of access,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    where things can be literally shared,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    will allow many more to gain use of goods they otherwise could not,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    along with their being less being production of those goods in proportion.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In a Natural Law Resource Based Economy we seek to create an access abundance,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not a property abundance,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is inherently wasteful.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As an aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s also important to note that property is not an empirical concept,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    only access is empirically valid.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Property is a protectionist contrivance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Access is the reality of the social and human condition.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In order for you to truly,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    say,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    own a computer,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you have to have had,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    alone,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    come up with technological process that made thing,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    along with the ideas that comprise the tools you might of used to make that computer.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is literally impossible,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and is what destroys the early labor theory of value property stuff put forth by Plaskow economists.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There is no such thing as property – there is only access and sharing,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    no matter what social system you employ.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Designed in Recycling
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Contrary to our intuition,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there is no such thing as waste in the natural world.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Not only from the standpoint of the biosphere which reuses everything in its process – the 92 main,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    naturally occurring elements [from] the periodic table that comprise all matter cannot be exhausted.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Humanity has given very little consideration to the role of material re-generation and how all of our design practices must account for this recycling.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In fact,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as some may know,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the highest state of this recycling will eventually come in the form of nanotechnology.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Nanotechnology will eventually be able to create goods from the atomic level up – and disassemble them right back down to the almost virtual starting point.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Its the ultimate form of recycling.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And by the way,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m not suggesting this,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m not suggesting that nanotechnology is even needed at this time,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as though that that is what we’re doing right now.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s just [that] this is is a great principle to reference as far regenerative importance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    industry has little sense of synergy in this context.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Recycling is an after thought.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Companies continue to do things such as blindly coat materials with chemical paints and the like that distort the properties of those materials,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    making the material less salvageable,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    maybe completely unsalvageable to current recycling methods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It happens all the time.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Long story short,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    strategic recycling just might be the most core seed of a continued abundance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Every landfill on earth is just a waste of potential.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Number 3:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Strategic conformation of good design to the most conducive and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    abundant materials known.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You will notice this efficiency qualification in what I just said:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    conducive and abundant.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Conducive means most appropriate based on the material properties.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Abundant means you weigh the value of conduciveness against the value of how accessible and low impact the material is compared to other materials which may be more or less conducive.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is a synergistic efficiency comparison.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m sorry for the language sounding a little bit complicated.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Probably the best example of this is home or domicile construction.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The common use of wood,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    brick,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    screws,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and the vast array of parts that is typical of a common house,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is comparatively vastly inefficient to more modern,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    simplified,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    prefabrication or molded-able materials.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    A traditional 2000-square-foot home requires about 40 to 50 trees,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    about an acre.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Compare that with houses can be created in prefabrication processes with simple,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    earth friendly polymers,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    concrete,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    or other easily formable methods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    3D printing for example systems is on pace.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    These new approaches have a very small footprint as compared to our destruction of global forests which continue for wood.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Home construction today is one of the most resource intensive and wasteful industrial mediums in the world,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    with about 40% of all materials collected for construction ended up as waste in the end.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Number 4:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Design conducive-ness for labor automation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now this is very foreign to many.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The more we conform to the current state of rapid,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    efficient production processes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    obviously the more abundance we can create.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If you read texts on manufacturing processes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they typically divide labor into three categories.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There’s Human Assembly,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there’s Mechanization,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and there’s Automation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Human assembly means hand made.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Mechanization means machines assist the laborer.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And Automaton means no human action.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Imagine if you needed a chair and there were three designs.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The first is elaborate and complex and could only be done by hand.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The second is a more streamlined where its parts could be made mostly by machines,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but would need to be assembled by hand.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The third chair is produced by one process,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    fully automated.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The latter chair design would be the design goal in theory of this new approach.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    What this would do is reduce the complexity of the automation process-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    with little to no human labor.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Imagine a production plant that not only produce cars,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it can produce virtually any kind of industrial product comprised of the same basic shared materials.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is very feasible.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This would increase output substantially.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In other words,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we are optimizing the means of production.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And as an aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    many who see stuff like this,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they think that this means there’s not going to be any variety in the future,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that it’s just going to be cold and uniform and everyone get’s the same thing.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    No,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I am just using this as an example to make an efficiency point.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Being Conducive to Automation does not mean universal uniformity of design because the incredible amount of variance possibility in our current automation technology is amazing and accelerating.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Modular robotics,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    their’s many different self changing machines that can create a great amount of variance.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All this means is the existing processes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in their current state,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    should be respected to ease production.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So please don’t confuse this with the idea everyone just gets the same everything.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    What they get is the same basic sustainability principles which come in many different forms,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you can understand that.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    these 4 parameters set in motion,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    along with the basic intent to assist the trend of ephemeralization on all levels,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there is little doubt that every human being could have a very high standard of living.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It is simply about converting all of the inefficiency we have straight into productivity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    strategically.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I will conclude this section by noting that R.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Buckminster Fuller is probably the only human being that has ever attempted to account and quantify the state of resources and their potential within the past hundred years and,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while primitive,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    he was able to arrive at the following conclusion in 1969.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    “[Man] developed such intense mechanization in World War I that the percentage of total world population that were industrial “haves” rose by 1919 to the figure of 6%.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This was a very abrupt change in history...By the time of World War II 20% of all humanity had become industrial “haves”...At the present moment the proportion of “haves” is at 40% of humanity...if we up the performances...of resources from the present level to a highly feasible overall efficiency of 12% [more]…[increasing by 12% holistically,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    on average,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    all humanity can be provided for]”.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The exponential increase in information technology since 1969,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    along with the applied technology and advanced synergetic understandings we have today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I suspect,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it now far exceeds,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we are way beyond the 12% efficiency increase that he saw as needed.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The problem now,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in part,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is conforming to industrial conduciveness appropriately,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is currently not done.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And this leads us to part 3:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Economic Organization and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Calculation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you are wondering why I spent so much time on the prior points of post-scarcity and those two core problems inherent to market capitalism:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Social Imbalance and Environmental Imbalance – its because you cannot understand the logic of the economic factors involved in this model,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    without those prior awarenesses.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    A Natural Law Resource Based Economy is not just a progressive outgrowth of our increased capacity to be productive as a species,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as though we would just gradually evolve out of the market system,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    step by step,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    into this approach....
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    No.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The dire need for this system’s removal needs to be realized once again.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It has to become a part,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in fact,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of the incentive structure of the new model-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the historical understanding that if we do not adjust in this way,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we will revert right back into this highly unstable periods we are in right now.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    An economic model is a theoretical construct representing component processes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    by a set of variables or functions,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    describing the logical relationships between them.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Basic definition.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If anyone has studied traditional or market based economic modeling,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a great deal of time is often spent on things such as price trends,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    behavioral patterns,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    utlitarianistic functions,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    inflation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    currency fluctuations and so forth.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Rarely,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if ever,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is anything said about public or ecological health.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Why?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Because the market is again life-blind and decoupled from the science of life support and sustainability.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It is simply a proxy system.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The best way to think about a this [new] economy is not in the traditional terms ...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but rather as an advanced production,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    distribution,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and management system which is democratically engaged by the public through a kind “participatory economics”-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that facilitates input processes – such as design proposals and demand assessment-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while filtering all actions through what we will call “sustainability” and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    “efficiency” protocols.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    These are the basic rules of industrial action set by natural law...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not human opinion.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As noted prior,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    neither of these interests are structurally inherent in the capitalist model and it is clear that humanity needs a model that has this type of stuff built right into it for consideration.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Structural System Goals:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All economic systems have structural goals,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which may not be readily apparent.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Market Capitalism's structural goal,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as described,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is growth and maintaining rates of consumption high enough to keep people employed at any given time and employment requires,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a culture of real or perceived inefficiency...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and that essentially means the preservation of scarcity in one form or another.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    That is its structural goal and good luck getting a market economist to admit to that.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This model’s goal is to optimize technical efficiency and create the highest level of abundance we possibly can,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    within the bounds of earthly sustainability,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    seeking to meet human needs directly.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    System Overview:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    One of the great myths of this model is that it is “centrally planned”.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    What this means,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    based on historical precedent,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is that it is assumed that an elite group of people basically will make the economic decisions for society.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    No.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This model is a Collaborative Design System (CDS),
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not centrally planned.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It is based entirely upon public interaction,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    facilitated by programmed,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    open source systems,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that enable a constant,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    dynamic feedback flow that can literally allow the input of the public on any given industrial matter,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    whether personal or social.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Now,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a common question when you bring that up they say “Well,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    who programs this system?”.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The answer is everyone and no one.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The tangible rules of the laws of nature,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as they apply to environmental sustainability and engineering efficiency,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is a completely objective frame of reference.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The nuances may change to some degree over time-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but the general principles remain.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Over time,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the logic of such an approach will become more rigid as well because we learn more as we perfect our understandings-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and hence less room for subjectivity in certain areas that might have had it prior.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’ll be describing this more so in a moment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the programs themselves would be available in an open source platform for public input and review.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Absolutely transparent.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And if someone noticed a problem or unapplied optimization strategy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which would probably be the case,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is evaluated and tested by the community-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    kind of like a wikipedia for calculation except much less subjective than wikipidea,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    without the moody administrators.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Another traditional confusion surrounds a concept which has become,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    to many,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the defining difference between capitalism and everything else – and it has to do with whether the “means of production” is privately owned or not.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And this is replete throughout tons of traditional literary treatments on capitalism when they describe how it’s the ultimate manifestation of human behavior in a society.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If you don't know whist this means,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the means of production refers to the non-human assets that create goods,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    such as machinery,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    tools and factories,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    offices and the like.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In capitalism,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the means of production is owned by the capitalist,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    by historical definition and hence the origin of the term.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I bring this up because there has been an ongoing argument for a century that any system which does not have its means of production owned,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as a form of private property,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is just not going to be as economically efficient as one that has or maybe not even efficient at all.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as the argument goes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is because of the need for price,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the price mechanism.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Price,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which has a fluid ability to exchange value amongst virtually any type of good due to its indivisibility of value,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    creates indeed a feedback mechanism that connects the entire market system in a certain narrow way.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Price is a way to allocate scare resources amongst competing interests,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    for sure.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Price,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    property,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and money translate,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in short,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    subjective demand preferences into semi-objective exchange values.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I say semi,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    because it is again a culturally relative measure only-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    absent most every factor that gives true technical consideration to a given material or good.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In other words,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it has nothing to with what the material goods are it’s just a mechanism.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Perhaps the only real technical data in fact I would say that price embraces,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    very crudely,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    relates to ”resource scarcity” and “labor energy,” resource scarcity and labor energy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you can basically find that in price.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in this context,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the question becomes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    moving on,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is it possible to create a system that can equally,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if not more efficiently,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    facilitate feedback with respect to consumer preference,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    demand,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    labor value,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and resource or component scarcity...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    without the price system,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    subjective property values,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    or exchange?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And of course there is.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The trick is to completely eliminate exchange and create a direct control and feedback link between the consumer and the means of production itself.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The consumer becomes part of the means of production and the industrial complex,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you will,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    becomes nothing more than a tool that is accessed by the public to generate goods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In fact,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as alluded to prior,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the same system can be used for just about any societal calculation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    virtually eliminating the state government in fact and politics as we know it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It is a participatory decision making process.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as an aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as far as the fact that there will indeed always be scarcity of something in the world,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is the very basis of existence of price,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    market,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and money-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    human beings can,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    either understand the dire need to exist in a steady-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    state relationship with nature and the global human species for cultural and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    environmental sustainability ....or not.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    We can either continue down the same path we are now and become more aware and responsible to the world in and each other.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Seeking post scarcity and using natural law rules of sustainability and efficiency to decide how to best allocate our raw materials or not.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    But I think the former is the most intelligent path.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I state that because,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this resource argument always comes down to the abstraction of resources,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it never,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    excuse me,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the abstraction of scarcity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it never qualifies what scarcity is in certain contexts.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It doesn’t separate scarcity and that’s its fatal flaw between human needs and human wants.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I want to point out another fallacy which of this “private ownership of the means of production,” a fallacy of this means of this broad concept is its culture lag.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we are seeing a merger of Capital Goods,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Consumer Goods,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and Labor Power.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Machines are taking over human labor power,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    becoming capital goods,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while also reducing in size to become consumer goods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m sure most everyone in this room has a home paper printer.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    When you send a file to print from your computer,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you are in control of a mini version of a means of production.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    What about 3D printers?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In some cities today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there are now 3d printing labs,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which people can send their design to print in physical form.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The model I am going to describe is a similar idea.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The next step is the creation of a strategically automated industrial complex,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    localized as much as possible,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is designed to produce,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    through automated means,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the average of everything any given region has found demand for.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Think about it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    On-demand production on a mass scale.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Consider for a moment how much storage space,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    transport energy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and overrun waste is immediately eliminated by this approach.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I think the days of large,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    wasteful,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    mass producing economies of scale are coming to an end.....
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    well...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if we want them too.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This type of thinking –true economic calculation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    by the most technical sense of the term,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I can’t reiterate that enough.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    We are calculating to be as technically efficient and conservative as possible,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    almost paradoxically,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is what will facilitate a global access abundance to meet all human needs and beyond.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Structure and Processes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    moving on.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m going to walk through the following three processes.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    1) Collaborative Design Interface and Industrial Schematic
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    2) Resource Management,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Feedback,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Value
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    3) General Principles of Sustainability and the Macro-Calculation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    1) The collaborative design interface is essentially the new “Market.” It’s a market of ideas.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This system is the first step in any production interest.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It can be engage by a single person;
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it can be engaged by a team,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you have friends and you want to put it together sort of like how businesses think;
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it can be engaged by everyone.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It is open source and open access and your concept is open to input from anyone interested in that good genre or anyone that’s online that cares to contribute.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Obviously,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it comes in the form of a website,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as I’ve stated.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And likewise whatever exists as a final design,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    whatever is put into production (even though,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in theory everything will be under modification at all times) but what has been proved,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you will,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is digitally stored in a database which makes that good available to everyone.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Sort of like a goods catalogue.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Except it contains all of the information digitally that is required to produce it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is how demand is accessed.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s feedback,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and it’s immediate.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Instead,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of advertising and the unidirectional consumer good proposal system,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which it is – that we have today where corporations basically tell you what you should buy,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    with the public generally going with the flow,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    favoring one good,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    component,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    or feature which,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    using price of course so if they don’t like something then clearly that wont produce it anymore to weed out supply and demand– this system works almost the opposite way.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The entire community has the option of presenting ideas for everyone to see and weigh in on and build upon...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and whatever isn't of interest,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    simply wont be executed to begin with.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    There’s no testing here,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    such as you would see in marketing.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s incredibly wasteful.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It is as simple as that.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The actual mechanism of proposal,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    would come in the form of an interactive design interface-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    such as we see with Computer-Aided Design or CAD as it’s called-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    or more specifically Computer-Aided Engineering,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is a more complicated synergistic process.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as an aside,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    some see Computer-aided design programs,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as they exist,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as having an enormous learning curve and of course they do.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    But just as the first computers were very difficult code-based interfaces,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which were later replaced by small little programs in the form of graphic icons that we’re all so familiar with – the future CAD type programs could be oriented in the exact same way – to make them more user friendly.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And obviously,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not everyone has to engage in design.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Some people,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    like most people today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they appreciate what’s been created prior,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they absorb and would use what other people come up with.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So there’s a diminishing law of returns in a lot of ways,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you will,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not everyone has to get in there and have some role to do this,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but many will and many will enjoy the process.And of course you can customize things as you go which is a great point,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there’s minor things that can happen with a product that someone doesn’t know anything about but maybe they just want to change the color and that’s it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Obviously,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    that doesn’t take a lot of education.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    More importantly,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    technically speaking,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the beauty of these design and engineering programs today is they incorporate advanced physics and other real world,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    natural law properties,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    so a good isn't just viewable in a static 3d model,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it can be tested right there,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    digitally.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And while some testing capacity might be limited today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it is simply a matter of focus to perfect such digital means.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For example in the automotive industry,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    long before new ideas are built they run them through similar digital testing processes...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and there is no reason to believe that we will not eventually be able to digitally represent and imitate and set in motion virtually all known laws of nature in time,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and being able to apply them to different contexts.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Similarly – and this is critical – this design as proposed of this system is filtered through a series of sustainability and efficiency protocols which relate to not only the state of the natural world but also the total industrial system in as far as what is capatable.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Processes of evaluation and suggestion would include the following:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a)Strategically Maximized Durability
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    b) Adaptability
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    c) and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Standardization of Genre Components
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    d) Strategically Integrated Recycling Conduciveness,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as I’ve mentioned before and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    e) Strategically Conducive designs themselves,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    making them conducive for Labor Automation
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m going to go through these each quickly.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Durability just means to make the good as strong and as long lasting as relevant.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The materials utilized,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    comparatively assuming possible substitutions due to levels of scarcity or other factors,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    would be dynamically calculated,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    likely automatically in fact by the design system,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    to be most conducive to an optimized durability standard.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Adaptability,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this means that the highest state of flexibility for replacing component parts is made.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Has anyone seen this thing called phone blocks?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Where there,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    yeah,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    brilliant.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In the event a component part of this good becomes defective or out of date of any good,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    wherever possible the design facilitates that such components are easily replaced to maximize full product life-span.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Standardization of Genre Components.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All new designs either conform to or replace,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if they’re updated,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    existing components which are either already in existence or outdated due to a comparative lack of efficiency.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Many don't know this but a man named Eli Whitney,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in 1801,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    was the first to really apply standardization in production.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    He made muskets and back then they were handmade and they were un-interchange.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So the musket parts,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if anything broke,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you take apart from something else.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    He was the first to make the tools to do this and he basically started the entire process of standardization and the U.S.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    military was now able to buy high things of muskets and interchange them in much more sustainable [way] even though we were killing people.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Which is interesting for the military,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    because if you think about it,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the military is one of the most efficient systems on the planet,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    because it’s absent the market economy.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If you really want to look towards where industrial efficiency was born,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as much as I dislike it,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the military is where it becomes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    where it’s been harnessed the most.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    anyway,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this logic not only applies to a given product,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s applied to the entire good genre,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    standardization.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And by the way this efficiency will never happen in a market economy with its basis in competition-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as proprietary technology removes all such collaborative efficiency.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    No one wants that,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    no one wants to share everything like that.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Otherwise,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    people wouldn’t have a need to go back to their company of the root company and buy the part,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they would go somewhere else where they have access to it and other means.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Recycling Conduciveness,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as noted before,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this means every design must conform to the current state of regenerative possibility.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The breakdown of any good must be anticipated and allowed for in the most optimized way.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And Made Conducive for Labor Automation – this means that the current state of optimized,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    automated production is directly taken into account,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    seeking to refine the design that’s submitted to be most conducive to the current state of production with the least amount of human labor or monitoring.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we seek to simplify the way materials and production means are used so that the maximum number of goods can be produced with the least variation of materials and production equipment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It’s a very important point.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And these five factors are what we could call,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in total,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the Optimized Design Efficiency function,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you want to be technical.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Keep this in mind as I am going to return to it in a moment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [1:30:55]
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Moving on to the The Industrial Complex,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the layout.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This means the network of facilities which are directly connected to the design and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    database system I’ve just described.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Servers,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    production,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    distribution,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    recycling is basically it-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    also we’d need to relate the current state of resources,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    critically important,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as per the Global Resource Management Network,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    another tier,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which I’m going to also describe in a moment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Production,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this means of course actual manufacturing,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    would evolve,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as expressed before,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as automated factories which are increasingly able to produce more with less material inputs and less machines,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    ephemeralization.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And if we are to consciously design out unnecessary levels of complexity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we can further this efficiency trend greatly with an ever lower environmental impact and resource use while maximizing our,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    abundance producing potential.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The number of production facilities,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    whether homogeneous or heterogeneous,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as they would be called,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    would be strategically distributed topographically based around population statistics,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    very simple stuff– no different than how grocery stores today where they try to average distances as best they can between pockets of people and neighborhoods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You could call this the “Proximity Strategy”,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which I’ll mention again in a moment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Distribution can either be directly from the production facility,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as in the case of an on-demand,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    custom,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    one off production or it can be sent to a distribution library for public access in mass,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    based on demand interest in that region.The library system is where goods can be attained.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Some goods can be conducive to low demand,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    custom production and some will not be.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Food is the easy example of a mass production necessity...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while a personally tailored piece of furniture would come directly from the manufacturing facility once created.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I suspect,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this on-demand process which will likely become equally as utilized as mass production will be an enormous advantage.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As noted,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    on-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    demand production is more efficient since the resources are going be utilized for the exact use demand as opposed to the block things that we do today.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In the context of the distribution library,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    inventory is assessed in a dynamic,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    direct feedback link,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    between production/distribution and demand.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If that doesn't make sense to you,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again – all you have to think about is how inventory accounting and tracking in any major commercial distribution center today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    with,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of course a few adjustments made in this model.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    We’re already doing this type of stuff already.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And regardless of where the good is classified to go,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    whether it’s custom or not – libraries or to the direct user – this is still an 'access system'.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In other words,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    at anytime,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the user of the custom good can return the item for reprocessing,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    just as a person who obtained something from the library can as well.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Since,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as noted,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the good has been pre-optimized,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    all goods have been pre-optimized for conducive recycling,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    odds are the recycling facility is actually built directly into the production facility or the genre production facility depending on how many facilities you need to create the variety of demand.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So again – there’s no “trash” here.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Whether it’s a phone,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a couch,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a computer,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a jacket,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a book – everything goes back to where it came from for direct reprocessing.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Ideally this is a zero waste economy.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Resource Management,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Feedback and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Value The Computer-aided and engineering design process obviously does not exist in a vacuum,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    processing demands input from the natural resources that we have.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    connected to this design process,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    literally built into the [Optimize Design Efficiency] function noted prior,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is dynamic feedback from an earth-wide accounting system which gives data about all relevant resources which pertain to all productions.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Today,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    most major industries keep periodic data of their genre materials as far as how much they have but clearly it’s difficult to ascertain due to the nature of corporate secrets and the like.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    But it’s still done.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Regardless,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    to whatever degree technically possible this is,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    all resources are tracked and monitored,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in as close to real time ideally as possible.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Why?
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Mainly because we need to maintain equilibrium with the earth's regenerative processes at all times,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as noted before,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    work to strategically maximize our use of the most abundant materials,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    while minimize anything with emerging scarcity.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Value.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As far as Value,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the two dominant measures,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which will undergo constant dynamic recalculation through feedback as industry unfolds,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is “scarcity” and “labor complexity.”
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Scarcity Value without a market system could be assigned,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a numerical value.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Say from 1 to 100.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    One would denote the most severe scarcity with respect to the current rate of use-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and 100 the least severe.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Fifty would mark the steady-state dividing line.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if the use of wood lumber passes below the steady state level of 50-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which would mean consumption is currently surpassing the earth's natural regeneration rate-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this would trigger a counter move of some kind-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    such as the process of 'material substitution' –hence the replacement for wood in any given future productions,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    finding alternatives.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    of course,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    if you are free market mindset listening to this,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you are likely going to object at this point by saying “without price-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    how can you compare value of one material to another or many materials?”
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Simple-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    you organize genres or groups of similar use materials and quantify,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as best you can,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    their related properties and degree of efficiency for a given purpose,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and then you apply a general numerical value spectrum to those relationships as well.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there are a spectrum of metals which have different efficiencies for electrical conductivity.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    These efficiencies can be quantified.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And if they can be quantified,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    they can be compared.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So if copper goes below the 50 median value regarding it’s scarcity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    calculations are triggered by the management program to compare the state of other conducive materials in it’s database,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    compare their scarcity level and their efficiency – preparing for substitution and that kind-of information goes right back to the designer.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And naturally,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this type of reasoning might,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    indeed,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    get extremely complicated as,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    these are numerous resources and numerous efficiencies and purposes.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Which is exactly why it is calculated by machine,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    not people...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and it’s also why it blows the price system out of the water,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    when it comes to true resource awareness and intelligent management.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    "Labor complexity”.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This simply means estimating the complexity of a given production.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Complexity,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in the context of an automated oriented industry can be quantified by defining and comparing the number of “process stages,” if you will.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Any given good production can be foreshadowed as to how many of these “stages”of production processing it will take.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    It can then be compared to other good productions,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    ideally in the same genre,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    for a quantifiable assessment.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The units of measurement are the stages,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in other words.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    For example,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    a chair that can be molded in 3 minutes,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    from simple polymers in one process will have a lower ‘labor complexity’ value than a chair which requires automated assembly down a more tedious production chain with mixed materials.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In the event a given process value is too complex or inefficient in terms of what is currently possible or too inefficient by comparison to an already existing design of a similar nature as well,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the design,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    along with other parameters,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    would be flagged and hence need to be reevaluated.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    all of this from feedback in the Design interface...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and there is no reason not to assume that with ongoing advancement in AI,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    artificial intelligence,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [the system] wouldn’t be able to feedback not only the highlight of the problem but it would also create suggestions or substitutions for you to understand in the interface.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Macro-Calculation.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Okay.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So let put some of this reasoning together and I hope everyone can bear with me.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    If we were to look at good design in the broadest possible way with respect to industrial unfolding,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we would end up with about four functions or processes-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    each relating to the 4 dominant,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    linear stages of design,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    production,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    distribution,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and recycling.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The following propositions should be obvious enough as a rule structure.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All Product Designs must adapt to [Optimized Design Efficiency].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    They must all adapt to [Optimized Production Efficiency].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And they must adapt to [Optimized Distribution Efficiency].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And they must adapt to [Optimized Recycling Efficiency].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Seems redundant but this we have to think about it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Here is a linear block schematic,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as shown before and the symbolic logic representation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which embodies the subprocesses or functions I’m now going to very generally break down.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Process 1,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the design [Optimize Design Efficiency] A ‘Product Design' must meet or adapt to criteria set by what we will call [Current Efficiency Standards].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This efficiency process has five evaluative subprocesses,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as noted before earlier in the presentation:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [Durability],
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [Adaptability],
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [Standardization],
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [Recycling Conduciveness],
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [maximize automation conduciveness].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Further breakdown of these variables and logical associations can be figuratively made as well...of course...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which I don’t think is conducive to this type of presentation because we’re going to get lost in every reductionist minutia,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but for more detail this stuff will be developed much more and be put into this text which I just describe and will be available for free.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m going to try to do my best to give the general efficiency process here.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    in the end,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    when it comes to this design efficiency process set-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    we end up with this design function,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    at the top.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And I’ll list,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    just to see it,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’ll list all of the functions meanings at the end.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    We move on to Process two-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Production Efficiency.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    In short,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    this is the digital filter that moves design to one of two production facility types,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    one for high demand or mass goods and one for low demand for custom goods.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The first uses Fixed automation-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    meaning unvaried production ideal for high demand;
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and the 2nd flexible automation which can do a variety of things but usually in shorter runs.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This is a distinction that’s commonly made in traditional manufacturing terms.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This structure assumes only two type of facilities of course.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Obviously there could be more based on the production factors,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but if the design rules in the process are respected,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as expressed before,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    there shouldn’t be much variety.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And over time things get simpler and simpler.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So to state this,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I’m just going to run through it for those that like to hear things spelled out like this:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    -All 'Product Designs' are filtered by a [Demand Class Determination] process-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    D.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The [Demand Class Determination] process filters based on the standards set for:
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [Low Demand] or
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [High Demand]
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All [Low Consumer Demand] 'Product Designs' are to be manufactured by the [Flexible Automation] process.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All [High Consumer Demand] 'Product Designs' are to be manufactured by the [Fixed Automation] process.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Also,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Both the manufacturing of [Low Consumer Demand] and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [High Consumer Demand] 'Product Designs' will be regionally allocated as per the [Proximity Strategy] of the manufacturing facility.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    This simply means you keep things as close to you as possible,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as close to the average of any given demand as far as what type of facility you’re using.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And this will change over time as populations change,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    so you keep updating.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Process 3
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Once process 2 is finished,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the 'Product Design' is now a ‘Product' and it moves towards [Optimize Distribution Efficiency] in short,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    all 'Products' are allocated based on the ‘prior’ [Demand Class Determination] as noted before.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [Low Consumer Demand] products follow a [Direct Distribution] process.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [High Consumer Demand]s follow the [Mass Distribution] process-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which would likely be the libraries in that case.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Both of course [Low Consumer Demand] and
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    [High Consumer Demand] 'Products' will be regionally allocated per the [Proximity Strategy],
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as before.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And Process 4,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    very simple.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    The 'Product" undergoes its life space.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    Ideally it’s been updated and adapted,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    ideally it’s been used to the highest degree and made as advanced as it could within its life cycle.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And once it’s done and becomes "Void” it moves to process #4 which is simply [Optimized Recycling Efficiency].
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    All voided products will follow a regenerative protocol which is a subprocess that clearly I’m not going to go into because it’s deeply complicated and is the role of engineers to develop over time.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And this is just a simple macro representation,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    these sub variable or sub processes go on quite a large degree.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    keeping all this in mind,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    again a lot of this will be in the text,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    and hopefully others I think can see this stuff better that are fluent with this type of thinking,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    hone in and perfect these equations and relationships.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    What I’ve tried to do here is to give a broad sense of how this type of thing unfolds.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    As a concluding statement more or less,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    the way this extrapolation of sustainability,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    it’s really quite a simple logical thing.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You don’t have to be a rocket scientist to see how things work on this level.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So creating a real program that can factor in-
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    what are hundreds if not thousands of subprocess in algorithmic form,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    as they pertain to such an economic complex,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    is indeed a massive project in and of itself,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but more of a tedious project.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    You don’t need to be a genus to figure this stuff out.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And I think this is an excellent think-tank program for anyone out there that’s interested in projects.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I have number of little projects that I’m trying to get going when I have time and one is simply called The Global Redesign Institute,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    which is a macroeconomic approach to design the entire surface of the planet basically and then this other programming concept where you create an open source platform where people can begin to engineer this very program that I’m describing.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    And that’s it.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I was going to make a conclusion section to this talk...
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    but it was already way too long.
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    So,
  • Mh συγχρονισμένα
    I just hope this gives a deeper understanding of the model and how it could work and thank you for listening.
Τίτλος:
Economic Calculation in a Natural Law / RBE, Peter Joseph, The Zeitgeist Movement, Berlin
Περιγραφή:

more » « less
Video Language:
English
Duration:
02:43:07
  • revision5 : I merged johnbastardsnow's work and Ozyamandias's work.

  • revision 6 to 7 : I synced Ozyamandias' text

  • I found a complete transcription of the document. If it's useful, here is the link.
    http://forum.linguisticteam.org/index.php?page=Attachment&attachmentID=1560&h=1c1fa730feec50b165e6150c648d678621306e65

  • The transcription Andrescentani told us looks great,
    so I converted the text into a subtitle file(dfxp format).
    You can check the file here.

    https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B5cuSnHBABSUd2EtU1hpRHduN00/edit

    I believe it can reduce much time making transcription,
    but few problems remaining.

    1) Amara Support Center says "If you overwrite the subtitle set that has been translated into other languages, the translations will no longer be editable side-by-side with the original."
    so If I upload the file, subtitles of Spanish, Argentinian & Metadata:Geo may be affected.

    2) I wrote a small program to split the text into phrases.
    But the result is not perfect.
    Some of the phrases are too short & too long.
    We'd better adjust these manually,
    though this is far easier than typing all spoken text.

    Can I upload my subtitle file to Amara?

  • Hi Andrés and linoal.13.----- Thanks for the link to the full transcript, Andrés. ------ linoal.13: subtitles of Spanish, Argentinian & Metadata:Geo have already independently been affected by an Amara software bug, i.e. are no longer editable side-by-side with the original. So an upload of your version of the full transcript wouldn't mess them up further ----- However there is another problem: up to "1:52 - 2:00 The title of this talk is Economic Calculation in a Natural law Resource-Based Economy." in your English subtitles, the full transcript. So I'd say save your present subtitles - even just as TXT - in order to be able to copypaste them again easily over the first differing ones that will be created by uploading your version of the full transcript. ----- You could also do that in the English, British subtitles first, then transfer the result here in the English ones: this way if other people start translating from English in the meantime, they'll have your correct first subtitles to work from.

  • Reposting my former message as some words got cut: ---------------------------------------

    Hi Andrés and linoal.13.----- Thanks for the link to the full transcript, Andrés. ------ linoal.13: subtitles of Spanish, Argentinian & Metadata:Geo have already independently been affected by an Amara software bug, i.e. are no longer editable side-by-side with the original. So an upload of your version of the full transcript wouldn't mess them up further ----- However there is another problem: up to "1:52 - 2:00 The title of this talk is Economic Calculation in a Natural law Resource-Based Economy." in your English subtitles, the full transcript has a different text. -------------So I'd say save your present subtitles - even just as TXT - in order to be able to copypaste them again easily over the first differing ones that will be created by uploading your version of the full transcript. ----- You could also do that in the English, British subtitles first, then transfer the result here in the English ones: this way if other people start translating from English in the meantime, they'll have your correct first subtitles to work from. ---------------------- (I wish Amara developers would fix these comments and let us use line breaks!!!!)

  • Hi Claude Almansi. Thanks for your comment. As you say, my subtitles contain some errors. But I don't think we need to save the present version manually, because Amara does this. If I upload the subtitle file, Amara saves it as revision 8. Then we can still see revision 1 to 7 anytime.

  • I uploaded the subtitle file.(revision 8)

English subtitles

Αναθεωρήσεις Compare revisions