WEBVTT 00:00:05.398 --> 00:00:07.156 Hi, how'ya doing, Justin here! 00:00:07.156 --> 00:00:10.053 Welcome to Minor Chord Scale Relations! 00:00:10.053 --> 00:00:13.294 And in this lesson we're going to be looking at the relationship of the 00:00:13.304 --> 00:00:19.430 C maj scale to the chords A min, E min and D min; which are the 3 chords 00:00:19.430 --> 00:00:24.149 in the key of C. We're gonna look at it exactly the same way as we looked at 00:00:24.149 --> 00:00:26.592 the major chords in the C Major scale, 00:00:26.592 --> 00:00:29.112 So, let's get to a close-up and check out how to do this. 00:00:29.955 --> 00:00:34.072 So, just very quickly, we're gonna revise the C major scale, so we have this: 00:00:34.072 --> 00:00:47.572 G, F, E, D, C, B, A, G, F, E, D, C, B, A, G, F and E. 00:00:47.573 --> 00:00:51.023 ♪ 00:00:51.024 --> 00:00:56.204 So, the chords that we're looking at today: the 1st one is Am (♪) 00:00:56.204 --> 00:00:59.575 And now we're looking at how to play that scale kind of based around 00:00:59.575 --> 00:01:06.080 our Am chord. So we have here: G (♪) - just with the little finger, nice, easy one (♪) 00:01:06.080 --> 00:01:11.609 to get the F note, our 1st finger has to just lay over (♪) 00:01:11.609 --> 00:01:14.447 and then back to normal for our E note. 00:01:14.447 --> 00:01:18.886 ♪ 00:01:18.886 --> 00:01:22.898 On the 2nd string, little finger just goes down on the 3rd fret 00:01:22.898 --> 00:01:29.648 to get our D note, lifts off to regular for our C note and 1st finger lifts off 00:01:29.648 --> 00:01:39.916 to get the note B (♪). Next string: we just play the regular note for A, lift it off for G. 00:01:39.916 --> 00:01:44.046 ♪ 00:01:44.046 --> 00:01:46.859 Now, we don't tend to use these other ones as much, but we've 00:01:46.859 --> 00:01:52.217 also got F, E, D. We can't really play the C there, because it interrupts with 00:01:52.217 --> 00:02:00.417 the A root note, so: ♪ That's generally all of the ones we play. 00:02:00.418 --> 00:02:04.601 We don't tend to play those: ♪ Well, that's worth knowing to... 00:02:04.601 --> 00:02:09.576 you might wanna do a little run-down like that sometime: ♪. It sounds kind of funky. 00:02:09.576 --> 00:02:15.050 ♪ 00:02:15.050 --> 00:02:16.813 Just explore it. Just like I'm doing now: 00:02:16.813 --> 00:02:27.158 ♪ 00:02:27.158 --> 00:02:31.390 And see the way that the scale and the Am chord kinda lock together. 00:02:31.390 --> 00:02:37.845 So, the 2nd chord that we're looking at today is E minor: (♪). Now, generally, for this 00:02:37.845 --> 00:02:41.263 particular one you wanna be using be your 2nd and 3rd fingers, but there's 00:02:41.263 --> 00:02:45.396 other options, as you know with the E minor chord, you can play it with any 00:02:45.396 --> 00:02:49.326 2, kinda consecutive fingers and you're gonna be fine. But because our melody: 00:02:49.333 --> 00:02:56.841 ♪ 00:02:56.841 --> 00:03:02.111 is here, it makes sense to use the middle two fingers. So, of course, 00:03:02.114 --> 00:03:07.084 little finger, 1st finger, open, little finger, 1st finger, open, 00:03:07.089 --> 00:03:11.905 little finger on the A, open, little finger, if you're gonna go this far 00:03:11.905 --> 00:03:19.524 on the F, E, lift it off for D, put it back on for C, lift it off for B, open. 00:03:19.524 --> 00:03:20.867 ♪ 00:03:20.867 --> 00:03:23.392 Don't tend to: (♪) Although of course: (♪) 00:03:23.392 --> 00:03:24.325 just like the A minor: 00:03:24.325 --> 00:03:46.919 ♪ 00:03:46.919 --> 00:03:49.739 Just have a bit of an experiment. That's all I'm asking you to do, 00:03:49.739 --> 00:03:59.419 is to play around with the relationship (♪) between this scale and the chord of Em 00:03:59.419 --> 00:04:03.680 Now, there's one more minor chord to look at, it's the D minor 00:04:03.683 --> 00:04:06.699 Now, D minor in open position with the C major scale's a little bit awkward, 00:04:06.699 --> 00:04:14.080 because it's only using the thinnest 4 strings, anyway. So, we can get (♪) 00:04:14.080 --> 00:04:14.990 We've got that much. 00:04:14.990 --> 00:04:18.894 ♪ 00:04:18.894 --> 00:04:26.563 But we don't tend to use...'cos it uses... Has to require some kind of pretty weird 00:04:26.563 --> 00:04:29.553 stretching things to get there. So, generally, you'd wanna do 00:04:29.557 --> 00:04:35.451 D min using your 1st, 2nd and 3rd fingers, little finger down for the note G, off for F, 00:04:35.451 --> 00:04:40.261 1st finger off to get to the E. On the 2nd string: we've already got 00:04:40.271 --> 00:04:43.931 the note D, 1st finger on the C, open for the B. 00:04:43.939 --> 00:04:48.168 ♪ 00:04:48.168 --> 00:04:49.248 And then, we've got that: 00:04:49.250 --> 00:04:57.310 ♪ 00:04:57.311 --> 00:04:59.737 I'll be honest, I tend to avoid this chord because there's no... 00:04:59.737 --> 00:05:00.679 ♪ 00:05:00.679 --> 00:05:02.380 Unless I'm just doing those kind of simple 00:05:02.380 --> 00:05:09.068 ♪ 00:05:09.068 --> 00:05:12.126 There's, you know, there's different ways of playing the melodies there, but 00:05:12.126 --> 00:05:13.057 ♪ 00:05:13.057 --> 00:05:16.704 there's not that many as there are for the other chords. 00:05:18.104 --> 00:05:22.410 There we have the chord-scale relationships between the C major scale, 00:05:22.410 --> 00:05:28.062 our Am, Em and Dmin chords. Like I've mentioned before, really what I want you 00:05:28.062 --> 00:05:31.436 to do, is just experiment a little bit. See the way that the scale 00:05:31.436 --> 00:05:34.593 fits with the chord shapes. That's really important to be 00:05:34.593 --> 00:05:39.129 able to understand this idea; there's a lot of, lot of ground that this covers. 00:05:39.129 --> 00:05:43.025 When you understand the relationship between the chords and the scales and 00:05:43.025 --> 00:05:46.649 the way you can put it together, you get all sorts of interesting chords, you get 00:05:46.649 --> 00:05:50.099 the ability to play melody, there's all sorts of things that this kinda leads to. 00:05:50.099 --> 00:05:53.776 We're gonna be exploring some of that. But this is one of those lessons that 00:05:53.788 --> 00:05:56.984 for the future of your guitar playing is gonna really make a difference. Even if 00:05:56.984 --> 00:06:01.490 it doesn't seem to be right now. This is a biggin. There's a lot of interesting stuff 00:06:01.490 --> 00:06:06.069 going on here, so do spend a bit of time with it and I'm sure you'll gonna enjoy 00:06:06.069 --> 00:06:08.898 the next lesson, where we're going to learn how to put all of these 00:06:08.898 --> 00:06:14.268 major and minor chord scale relationships along with our folk fingerstyle patterns, 00:06:14.268 --> 00:06:17.221 to play the Australien classic song: Waltzing Matilda. 00:06:17.221 --> 00:06:20.151 And I'll see you for that very soon. Take care of yourselves, bye-bye!